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VOL. 12 JAMJARY-FEBHJARY, 1965 NOS. 1 & 2 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Standing at the portal of the opening year. 
Words of comfort meet us, hushing every fear; 

Spoken through the silence by our Father* s voice , 
Tender, strong and faithful, making us rejoice. 

"I, the Lord, am with thee, be thou not afraid; 

I will help and strengthen, be thou not dismayed. 
Yea, I will uphold thee with my own right hand; 

Thou art called and chosen in my sight to stand. 11 

For the year before us, what rich supplies! 

For the poor and needy living streams shall rise; 
For the sad and sinful shall His grace abound; 

For the faint and feeble perfect strength be found. 

He will never fail us, He will not forsake; 

His eternal covenant, He will never break. 
Resting on His promise what have we to fear? 

God is all-sufficient for the coming year. 

Onward, then and fear not, children of the day; 
For His word shall never, never pass away. 

By Frances R. Havergal 
Selected by Martha Cover 



is a 


magazine pu 


monthly in 



of the 



of The Oid 8 

rethren Church. 



$1.50 per 







request. P 


ng Editor: 

Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: 

Daniel F. 







Route, Box 

1160, Sonora 




As it was in the days of Noe, so also shall it be 
in the days of the coming of the Sen of man. Like- 
wise also as in the days of Lot* 

The days of Noe and- the days of Lot were extremely 
w icked— so wicked that Rod's mercy could no longer be 
extended to the men of that time and place. Morality 
was at an all time low, as can be seen by the fact 
that of the millions who populated the earth In Noah's 
time only one family, of eight persons, was saved* 
Of all the people of Sodom, which no doubt was a very 
large city, there were not even ten righteous left* 

The people of those time no doubt knew of God and may 
well have admitted that he was the Creator and supreme 
ruler of the world, but they did not recognize him as 
their God, or that he had any claim on their lives. 
They simply Ignored him. And that because they were 
preoccupied with their own lusts and persuits of per- 
sonal pleasure. 

"For as in the days that were before the flood 
they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in 
marriage, until the day that Noe entered the ark, and 
knew not until the flood came and took them all away; 
So shall also the coming of the Son of man be." 
"Likewise also as it was in the days of Lotj they did 
eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, 
they builded; but the same day that Lot went out of 
Sodom it rained fire' and brimstone from heaven, and 
destroyed them all. Even thus shall it be in the day 
when the Son of man is revealed." 

It would seem every one should know that we are 
living in just such time and conditions now. But 
apparently the great mass of humanity are going ignor- 
antly, or presumptuously, on in the same disregard for 
God and his laws to the same tragic end. 


"Watch therefore: for ye know not vahat hour your 
Lord doth come. But know this; that if the goodman 
of the house had known in what watch the thief would 
come, he would have watched , and would not have suffer- 
ed his house to be broken up. Therefore be ye also 
ready: for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of 
man cometh. Who then is a faithful and wise servant, 
whom his Lord hath made ruler over his household, tp 
give them meat in due season? Blessed is that servant, 
whom his Lord when he cometh shall find so doing. 
Verily I say unto you, that he shall make him ruler 
over all his goods: But and if that evil servant 
shall say in his heart, My Lord delayeth his coming j 
and shall begin to smite his fellowservants, and to 
eat and drink with the drunkenj The Lord of that 
servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for 
him, and in an hour that he is not aware of, and shall 
cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the 
hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of 
teeth. » Matt. 21*: I*2-pl. 

I have quoted this text in full because it reveals 
two possible attitudes and conditions of the people 
of the earth when the Lord comes; and it is within 
our power to choose now which class we will be in then. 
One class will be caught completely unaware and un- 
prepared, just as when a thief strikes in the night, 
and will suffer total loss. The other, because they 
have believed in the Lord and committed their lives 
to him and know the signs of his coming and maintain 
a state of readiness at all times— to such there is 
no surprise when he comes, for they are always ready. 
To them the Lord does not come as a "thief in the 

The "thief in the night" experience is only to 
those who do not watch, and, like those of Noah's 
time, "knew not" until the flood came and took them 
all away. 

This is the doctrine of St Paxil to the Thessalonian 
brethren (I Thess. 5:1-90 where he says/ But of the 
times and seasons, brethren, ye have no need that 


I write unto you. For yourselves know perfectly that 
the day of the Lord so cometh as 'a /thief in the night. 
For when they Vi shalT say, Peace and safety; then sudden 
destruction c'dmeth upon them, as travail upon a woman 
with phiidj. and they shall not escape fc But ye, breth- 
ren, are not In' darkness , that that 1 day. should over- 
take you as a thief. Ye are all the children of light 
and, the children of the day: we are not of the nighty 
nor of darkness* Therefore let us not sleep, as do 
others but let us watch and be sober * ir 

Here again it is plain that certain signs which 
may be recognized by the faithful preceed the Lord's 
coming and are a PART OF THE WATCHING for- the Lord's 
return. In the case of the Thessalonians, apparently 
the former indoctrination by the apostle Paul, when 
he was with them (II Thess. 2: $•), was not. sufficient, 
because of the mistaken zeal and activity of .some- mis- 
guided teachers, to give them stability .and fortitude 
to remain in a state of readiness for the coming of 
the Lord. So it became necessary for him to write to 
■them again in II Thess., and remind them of still 
other preceeding signs, which he had indeed told them 
of when he was with them, but which were in danger of 
being forgotten or nulified by the industry of some 
zealots whb were writing or preaching to them that, 
contrary to what Paul had previously taught them, 
there was nothing left but the expectancy of an any- 
moment coming* 

Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto 
him, that ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled- 
neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from 
us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. Let no man 
deceive you by any means: FOR THAT DAI SHALL NOT COME, 

There is nothing in this instruction which can be 
construed to mean that the Apostle is telling them to 
n let down" for the Lord's coming is still a long way 
off. Nothing in it tells them to not maintain an 


expectancy. For in such event they would be like the 
unfaithful servants in Matt* 2k which said, "My Lord 
delayeth his coming". # . and so that day would over- 
take them as a thief in the night. 

But the Apostle deems it necessary for the Thess, 
brethren to posess all facts relating to the Ldrd»s 
coming so that they might maintain a watchfulness— 
primarily for his coming— but also including the 
inevitable signs which must preceed it. Whereas an 
overexcited zeal, born of unauthorized teaching that 
no further signs are to be expected but only the any- 
moment coming in the midst of persecution and tribula- 
tion which even then they were experiencing (Chp l:k) 9 
and still the Lord did not come, could cause them to 
be "shaken in mind" and "troubled" that they were not 
being delivered as expected. Because with such an ex- 
pectancy there would be no need to watch or attend to 
any related or preceeding signs— and probably fail to 
recognize or identify such signs when they would appear. 

Nor is the Apostle telling them to "look" for the 
man of sxn. Butt he is telling them that the man of 
sin will appear before the Lord comes. This was a 
necessary fact, and without the 'knowledge of It the 
man of sin could be in their presence and they fail 
to recognize him because his methods are subversive 
and deceptive and without this knowledge they may be 
in danger of being deceived— "shaken in mind" and 
."troubled." If the Thessalonian church were to be 
raptured away before the man of sin would appear, 
what need would there have been to warn them of his 

The apostle does not say how rapidly the apostacy 
would develop (the causes of which were already at 
work in Paul's day) nor when or at what point in it 
the man of sin would be "revealed." But the "falling 
away" seems to indicate that he may be present and 
active for a considerable time before his true identity 
is revealed, for his work is with all power and signs 
and lying wonders and with all deceivableness of un- 
righteousness in them that perish. Nor is it said 
how long he may continue after he is "revealed." 


But he will continue until the Lord comes* For the 
Lord shall destroy him with the brightness of his 

The Thessalonian brethren have long since fallen 
asleep in Jesus and did not "live to see "that day" 
because the falling away did not come yet in their 
time, just as the Apostle warned them* But no one 
with any knowledge of the history of the Christian 
church will dare to . say that the great apostacy or 
^falling away" has not long since begun and been in 
progress even for many centuries » The faithful in 
the -early centuries after the apostolic church knew 
it. And the Reformers knew it and were unanimous in 
their -belief that the man of sin was revealed in the 
Roman. Papacy. And nothing has happened in history 
since that time to prove that they were mistaken in 
its location or place. They simply could not foresee 
that the Reformed or Protestant church which they 
stood so bravely for would also apostatise and in 
our own time seek a reunion with the apostate Rornan 
church to form a ■unified world religion* and government. 
Nor do* -we. know yet what form and organisation this will 
be when- it is matured. 

The man. of sin and son of perdition of II Thess. 2: 
3 is evidently the same person as the "other beast" 
of Rev 13s 11-18 which is positively identified as 
the "false prophet" in Rev, 19: 20 e And it is he who 
moves the men of the earth to make an "image" or "front" 
to -the first beast of Rev. 13. And because he is a 
false prophet he causes all men by deception to receive 
a mark of the "beast", and orders that they must wor- 
ship the "beast." on pain of death to those who refuse. 

We were told by the itinerent preacher and ^j tract 
ministry 30 years ago that the Lord's coming was immi- 
nent and that the church would be reptured away before 
this power would be exercised. But current news and 
headlines in the daily news concerning the ecumenical 
movement and the swift development of a Socialist 
government in our own nation; may well find us here 
tc see these prophecies fulfilled before our own eyes 
and suffer its oppressive power. — D.F. Wolf 



In the history of the Bible we see where two indivi- 
duals M walked with God" and where great blessings fol- 
lowed at the end of their walk with God. While this is 
so stated in the persons of Enoch and Noah, we would 
not at all conclude that they were the only ones that 
walked with God down through the ages of time. To walk 
denotes action or movement toward a point or place one 
hopes to reach , or perhaps in the above case it would 
rather be "a consecration to a cause." Enoch walked 
with God, and what was the result or end of his walk? 
He escaped death and found his abode in the presence of 
God: the highest attainment that man can ever reach. 
Elijah must have walked with God, for he too was wafted 
up into Heaven to dwell in the regions of the glorified 
ones. Such transformation Is utterly outside and beyond 
man's power and ability to reach, but with God with whom 
they walked, nothing is impossible. Man of his own 
strength is too feeble, too powerless, too finite to 
reach such ineffable glory, so he must have a helper, a 
guide, one who can lead the way, and this is the loving 
Jesus who has said, n I am the way," and also has extend- 
ed the loving welcome, "Come unto me," 

To follow and walk with the evil one is to walk in 
the blackness of darkness and will lead down, down, into 
the pit of everlasting torment and away from, the regions 
of eternal glory. Satan offered Jesus the glory of the 
kingdoms of this world which is so enticing to the car- 
nal inclinations of mankind, but so wholly unprofitable 
and fruitless to the never dying soul. 

You may talk of your prospects of fame or of wealth, 
And the hopes that oft flatter the favorites of health: 
But the hope of bright glory, of heavenly bliss; 
Take away every other, and give me but this, • 

King David walked with God, and he could say, "Though 
I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will 
fear no evil for Thou art with' me, Thy rod and Thy staff 
they comfort me." Whom do we want to be our friend, 


cur companion, and our guide when we come to the end of 
the way and enter the portals of death? How precious 
then if we have opened the door and welcomed Him into 
our lives who will pilot us safely into the realm of 
Eternal Day* The joy of walking with God is beautiful- 
ly expressed in Psalms 16:17, "Thou wilt show me the 
path of life: in thy presence is fullness of joy; at 
thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore. 11 

How fortunate are God's children that He has insti- 
tuted the medium of prayer, so they may communicate 
with Him at all times pleading His delivering grace, 
for He hath said, "When thou passeth through the waters, 
I will be with thee; and through the rivers they shall 
not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, 
thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kin- 
dle upon thee. M 

But how shall two walk together except they be 
agreed? Well, God is unquestionable, .perfect, and 
true, so if we have Him in our hearts, are in full har- 
mony with Him, and keep His commandments, here Is the 
acceptable team. What a friend we have in Jesus,, who 
has said, "I will never leave thee; nor forsake thee. 
So that we may boldly say, The Lord is my helper, and 
I will not fear what man snail do unto me. n May we 
walk with Him until finally we may sit with Him in His 
Heavenly throne throughout eternal glory. 

— David A. Skiles 
Possville, Indiana 


Another year is in the past, and 1965 takes its -place 
as the present. At this period of time it is quite com- 
mon for people to review the events of the old year and 
also to wonder what the new one will bring., Businessmen 
take Inventory of their stock on hand which serves as 
the closing figure in determining profit for the past 
year and also becomes the starting figure for the new. 
Farmers and all begin to collect the receipts and bills 
in preparation for figuring the income tax for the past 
year. And in our Christian lives, too, this is a good 


time to take stock, review the mistakes and victories 
of the past year, and then turn our attention to the 
problems and opportunities of a new year. 

In reviewing the past year, we should be careful to 
recognise the true values. Some of our accomplishments 
are not really worthwhile. In Philippians 3, Paul 
could recount some of his attainments in the flesh and 
writes that if anyone would think to have confidence in 
the flesh, he had more. But all his own righteousness 
and attainment he counted loss and even repulsive to 
him compared to the righteousness which is of God by 
faith, Paul teaches in the same chapter (no doubt re- 
ferring to our own attainments which we may have valued 
and boasted of) to forget those things which are behind 
and reach forth unto those things which are before. 
Let us remember this lesson that all our own righteous- 
ness and attainments are only loss if they do not per- 
tain to the knowledge of Christ Jesus. There is attain- 
ment in Christ as he writes in verse 16: "Nevertheless, 
whereto we have already attained, let us walk by the 
same rule, let us mind the same thing." 

Paul did not count himself to have already attained 
or to be already perfect, but he pressed toward the 
mark.. "Let us therefore, as many as be perfect^ be 
thus minded: and if in anything ye be otherwise mind- 
ed, God shall reveal even this unto you." 

How can we learn by looking back at the events of 
1964? It is often paid that "experience is the best 
teacher." This is true in at least some areas of our 
lives, such as our occupations.- But in our Christian 
walk, this saying is true only if we also are learning 
from the Master Teacher, our Lord Jesus Christ and His 
word. Then experiences have real meaning. Otherwise 
they can teach wrong information. Such is the case of 
the slothful servant in the parable of the talents told 
in Matthew 25:14-30. This servant was not willing to 
learn from his master, and evidently his experiences 
had taught him that his master was "an hard man." But, 
the other servants were faithful and even proved that 
their master was not a hard man but a rich rewarder of 
the diligent. Have we been unfaithful and learned from 


unpleasant experiences untruths about our Heavenly 
Father? Or have the events of 1964 taught us the truths 
of the goodness and mercies of God? 

In our forward look into 1965 , our thoughts should 
include goals and resolutions for this new year. We 
could think of many good goals, but the most important 
are outlined in this same chapter 3 of the epistle to 
the Philippians, verses 8-10: (l) ...That I may win 
Christ, (2; And be found in ham, not having mine own 
righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is 
through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which 
is of God by faith: (3) that I may know him, (4) and 
the power of his resurrection, (5) and the fellowship 
of his sufferings, (6) being made conformable unto his 
death; (7) If by any means I might attain unto the 
resurrection of the dead. These are high goals to aim 
for. We cannot hope to reach them on our own power. 
But they are attainable in Christ, and He will work in 
us if we will let Him. 

In these verses, the hope of the resurrection is out- 
standing. Someday we will stand before Christ. Jesus 
may come in 1965. I suppose others have had experiences 
similar to mine. But sometimes I awake in the night, 
and my mind, uncluttered by daytime thoughts, is struck 
by the realization that someday I will stand in the 
presence of God, my Maker and Saviour. The thought is 
almost too wonderful and awesome. But He has called 
us and asked us to draw nigh unto Him and promised that 
He will draw nigh unto us. (James 4:S) In the Kay-June 
issue we published a good little piece of advice from 
the "Sunday School Herald": "The only real way to 
'prepare to meet thy God 1 is to live with God so that 
to meet Him will be nothing strange. 

One fact to remember in looking ahead is that it is 
possible to have the victory. God has not asked us to 
make any progress or attainment that is impossible for 
us — unless we try to do it by our own strength. If we 
will let Goa work in us, 196$ will be a year of reward- 
ing experiences, attained goals and certain victory. 

— L.C. 




Our God > our help in ages past, 
Our hope for years to come; 
Our shelter from the stormy blast , 
And our eternal home. 

Under the shadow of Thy throne, 
Thy saints have dwelt secure; 
Sufficient is Thine arm alone, 
And our defense is sure. 

Before the hills in order stood 
Or earth received her frame , 
From everlasting Thou art God, 
To endless years the same. 

Our God. our help in ages past, 

Our hope for years to come, 

Be Thou our guard while troubles last, 

.And our eternal home. 

This well known, hymn was one of the imr.y composed by 
Isaac Watts. The basis for this particular song is 
found in the 90th Psalm: "Lord thou hast been our 
dwelling place in all generations. Eefore the mountains 
were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth 
and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, 
thou art God. I] 

It is also believed that national conditions in Eng- 
land caused Watts to write as he did in this hymn, and 
even today it is the second National Anthem of England, 
After the efforts of the reformation had brought in a 
brief period of toleration in England, there was an ef- 
fort made to replace the Protestant Queen Anne with her 
Catholic brother. The Queen 1 s ministers had forced, 
through Parliament the Schism Act, which would have re- 
established Catholicism in England, but on Sunday, Au- 
gust 1,1714, the day the act was to become operative, 
the Queen died. 

Since a previous act of settlement and the Succession 


was still effective, Anne's successor was to be her cou- 
sin, a Hanoverian Protestant Prince, who became King of 
England as George I, Under him, persecution was pre- 
vented, and papacy became no longer a menace. It was 
±n the midst of these alarms and crises that Watts 
wrote this hymn. 

As we begin another New Year, let us use the senti- 
ments of this hymn and of the 90th Psalm to strengthen 
our faith, and trust in the Great God who has helped us 
in the past and who is our hope for the future. — J.L.C. 


Old year passes, New Year comes, 

On the scene revolving, 
Steady as the tapping drums, 

Future questions solving. 

Age on ages brings to view, 

God's designing spelling, 
Plans for making all things new, 

Mankind's future dwelling. 

Sin in Eden's lovely place, 

Man in guilt despairing, ' r 

Hope for Adam's fallen race, 

Christ the way preparing. 

Old time's hopeless groping years, 
Darkness, blindness, yearning; 

New Year's driving doubts and fears, 
Love light orightly burning. 

Now to sing salvation 1 s song, 
Faith .leads onward praising; 

Though the road be steep and long, 
Trailway beacon biasing. 

Old year world to be made new, 

.New Year shines forever; 
Soon appearing, when to view, 
Christians cross the river. 

— J. I. Cover 




Editor 1 s note:- If the Lord permit, we intend to publish 
in the next several issues of the Pilgrim some of the views 
held by Brethren in the past regarding the fall of the Jewish 
nation and the desolation of their coutry, the subsequent 
tribulation, and the coming again cf the Lord. ' 

It will be observed in this-' article, and several others 
which will follow, that the writers seem to understand the 
"tribulation", cf which Jesus spoke, tc apply to the Jews only, 
nationally, and that they find in history a definite date in 
which this ceased* This shows the hazard of fixing specific 
dates to certain prophetic events when the prophecy itself 
gives no. specific date. For we know now, as they could not 
know then, the terrible calamity which befell that people 
under the Hitler regime of Nazi Germany in our own time. 
"We will see ? .however, in an article by J* W. Southwood, 
on this same subject in our next issue, a broader view is 
taken and he does not see the tribulation of the Jews ended 
until after they have returned to their homeland 

We would add one further modification to the views expressed 
by these writers: ■ It is clear from Jesus 1 pronouncement in 
Mktt<,' 23*38 and Luke 21: 20-24 that calamity and tribulation .. 
is pronounced upon them nationally, but the disciples to whom 
he was speaking, and who became the nucleus of his church, 
were also Jews* JmA the contexts of Matte 24; 1-24 and Luke 
21; 1-19 show that^aM consequently the church would experience 
a similar if not the same tribulation. Nineteen hundred years 
of- history has abundantly proved this to be a facta It is 
estimated that there were fifty million martyrs cf the church 
during the dark ages of Papal persecutions, beside the. former 
millions "flfco were killed 'under the persecutions of Imperial 
Rome d 

But evidently it is not quite ended yet; For "immediately 
after the tribulation . of those days. • • shall appear the 
sign of the Son of man in heaven. " 

Vnd there shall be .signs in the sun, and in the moon, 
and in the stars | and upon the earth distress of nations, 
with perplexity; the sea and the -waves roarings men T s hearts 
failing them for fear, and for looking after those things 
which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven 
shall be. shaken*, ibid then shall they see the Son of man 
coming in a cloud with power and great glory* — D. F. Wolf 



By R. F. Mallott 


".And except those days should be shortened there should 
no flesh be saved; but for the elects' sake those days 
shall be shortened." Matt ,24: 22. 

The first term we notice in the query is "those 
days". We naturally inquire, what days? (See verse 
21.) Those days of tribulation which should befall 
the Jewish people. - We have talked somewhat about those 
days in our No. 3 article entitled "A. few thought s," 
Also we have noticed in said article that those days 
have ceased about 1?80 A; D. Hence they were limited 
or shortened^ and the reason is given, namely, To save 
his elect or some flesh out "of - the Jewish nation while 
the times of the Gentiles shall be fulfilled. (See 
Rom. 11: 23,25c) If persecution would have raged on 
up till the present time I doubt not but the Jews would 
have been annihilated; consequently could not be upon 
earth to say when Christ corneth, "Blessed Is he that 
cometh in the name of the Lord." Matt. 23: 39» Now 
Luke speake of the days of tribulation in this light: 
"And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and 
shall be led away captive Into all nations, and Jeru- 
salem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles until the 
times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. Luke 21: 2U. 

There would seem at a first thought that Matthew and 
Luke do not agree, as Matthew says at the end of. the 
tribulation the signs' respecting Christ J s return shall 
appear, and Luke would seem to carry It on until the 
times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. But here is what 
we understand Luke to say shall be done until the time 
of the Gentiles be fulfilled— Jerusalem shall be 
trodden down of the Gentiles. And so we see it, not- 
withstanding tribulation with the Jews has ceased, yet 
the Gentiles occupy Jerusalem. — R. F. Mallott. 


Our Savior positively declared that the "tribulation" 
which should be .realised by the Jewish people would 
exceed anything of the kind that ever had or ever would 
be experienced within the cycles of time. And who Is 
the man that has read the histories which treat upon 
the subject that will not concede at once without a 


moments hesitation that it exceeds anything within the 
annals of history. We will briefly follow their times 
of suffering up to the close of their misery when they 
were permitted to enjoy peace and worship God according 
to their own conviction* Our object in doing so is to 
prove that "times of tribulation" (verse 21) extends 
beyond the -narrow limits of Jerusalem's war, after 
which follow the designated signs relative to Christ* s 
second appearing. The first calamity which befell the' 
Jewish nation was General Titus 1 campaign against 
Jerusalem A. D. 6£. . At that time it was a settled 
conclusion by the Jews that they had enough provision 
within the walls of the city to supply them for the 
space of seventy years. But, alas I the hand of the 
Lord was against them. In less than five years it was 
all exhausted. Women were compelled to eat their own 
children,, Some would bind their offspring on their 
back and plunge into a watery grave to save them from 
meeting with a more cruel end. Eleven hundred thous- 
and were butchered in the city and vicinity* Ninety 
seven thousand were taken captive and sold into per- 
petual slavery throughout the four winds of the earth. 
Hence we now follow them despised, harassed, forsaken, 
as they were, into almost every part of the world. 
Finally we come to the time when Adrian was avenging 
the Romans, about A. D a 195, and we find 50O,00C 
more of the lost sheep of the house of Israel horribly 
slaughtered. This, It appears, broke them up as a 
nation, and nearly exterminated them; but they were 
like the bush which mioses beheld— it burned with fire 
but was not consumed 

They now seem to have reached the farther extremity 
of degradation and tribulation* It was the final 
catastrophe of the Jewish nation; exceeding, if possi- 
ble, the war of Jerusalem. 

The next massacre we give account of to prove the 
extension of the "times of tribulation" is dated Feb. 
lU, 11-98, A. B. Whilst the Jews were in their syna- 
gogue at Paris all was calm and cheerful; no one was 
aware of danger. Suddenly the troops surrounded them. 



Multitudes were murdered. They were compelled to quit 
the kingdom destitute of clothes, provisions or means 
of travel.. About fifteen hundred retired to York, 
and tried, to defend themselves, but in vain. They 
used every effort in their power to compromise, but 
there was no mercy in the relentless mob. 

Then they deliberately killed their own wives and 
children, and retiring to the palace they fired it, 
and thus became their own executioners, as their breth- 
ren at Either had done a thousand years before when 
persecuted by Adrian . Next we see them suffering 
wonderf ully at the hands of Spain during the close of 
the fifteenth. century. Incidents which chill our 
blood are related relative to the miseries they en- 

They were estimated in number from three to eight 
hundred thousand. An edict was issued^ ordering all 
Jews to quit the realms of Spain within four months. 
They were forced to scatter in all directions. Many 
perished on the ocean; multitudes died with famine. 
They at first encamped on the sandy plains, not being 
permitted to enter Fez. They had to subsist on the 
few roots they could procure. "Happy, " says a Jewish 
writer, "would they have been if grass would have been 

In this doleful state of suffering some killed 
their children to put them out of misery; others sold 
them into captivity for bread. And such was the trib- 
ulation that contirfued to crown the pathway of Abra- 
hams children until A. D. 17^3* when George II issued 
a proclamation in behalf of the Jews. This was the 
first step taken for their AMELIORATION. But the 
people were so blinded that it was (by their opposition) 
rescinded, and it was not until A. D. I78O that the 
measure was carried into effect by Joseph II. Thus 
ended the days of "tribulation." Verse 21. Hence 
the next order will be to notice the designatea signs 
that shall follow those days of "tribulation." This 
we will do in our next, if the Lord will. 

Vindicator, Oct. 1879 

^__ THE FILGRIM - - ..... 17 


There is an interesting story behind this poem by 
Sister Celesta Price, Celesta 1 s sister, Orpha Wagner, 
writes: "One of my school mates who lived on the cor- 
ner of Highway 99 and Pelandale, (near Modesto, Cali- 
fornia) told me she used to hear Papa go by in the 
winter mornings before daylight singing hymns. He 
would be on his way to work driving his horse, Dandy, 
in a little two-wheeled, cart. It brings back many 
memories." After hearing this, Celesta wrote this poem 
in memory of her father, Brother Solomon Price. 

"Our Father 1 s house is built on high/ 1 

He sang and drove along/ 

"Far, far above the starry sky," 

The morning heard his song. 

It seemed *co give him hope renewed, 

And it sped the hours by 

The while he built a home on earth 

To plan one in the sky. 

"My days are gliding swiftly'- b^," 
His voice rose clear and strong. 
"And I'm a pilgrim stranger here 
And will not tarry long." 
The days were swift and full of toil, 
But the King has bid him come 
To claim -the unmolested reot 
Of his eternal home. 

A prayer it was to hear him sing, 

"Thou Great Jehovah guide 

A pilgrim, though this barren land 

Safe to the other side. 

And on the bread of Heaven feed 

Where crystal fountains flow, .. . 

And through the swelling Jordan stream, 

do Thou help me go.' 1 


"Jerusalem, my happy home," 

That home he longed to see; 

The one that's built above the sky 

Where many mansions be. 

He sang about the street of gold, 

The walls of precious stone, 

The gates of pearl where burdens sore 

Are cast when life is done. 

The voice that sung is quiet now 

To these dull mortal ears. 

No more he sings about that home 

Beyond this vale of tears. 

He's there at last and stands redeemed 

And sings a new refrain. 

Someday if I live faithful here 

I'll hear him sing again. 

— Celesta 0* Price 


God honors the life that's committed, 
The life that's committed to Him; 
Not simply subdued and submitted, 
But filled with resolve to the brim. 

Some failures we all have admitted, 
We haven't been all that we should, 
We haven't been fully committed, 
Nor expendable always for good. 

By God our sins are remitted, 
The past though regretted is gone, 
To Him let us then be committed, 
And with renewed vigor press on. 

Commit: Entrusting to God without limitation, 

— Guy Hootman 



Once when Jesus was walking near the Sea of Galilee, 
He came upon two boats. One of them belonged to Simon 
Peter. Simon and his partners were busy mending and 
washing their fishing nets. So Jesus asked Simon to 
push his boat out onto the water a little way. Then 
Jesus sat in it and taught the people one of His wonder- 
ful lessons. 

When He had finished , He told Simon to take his boat 
out to deep water and let down his nets to catch fish. 
Now Simon had been fishing in this lake for years. He 
knew when the fishing' was good and when it just did 'not 
pay. He had worked all night and had caught no fish. 
So he did not want to go out right away again. But 
because he knew that Jesus was some one extraordinary, 
he agreed to go. 

Simon let down his net when Jesus told him to ? and , 
right away they had a catch of fish so grea t that the 
nets began to break! Simon called to James and John, 
his partners who were in the other boat. They came and. 
there were so many fish that they filled both boats, 
and the boats began to sink! Simon was so astonished 
at this miracle that he fell down at Jesus' knees and 
said, n Depart from me; for I am a sinful man, Lord," 
Simon must not really have wanted Jesus to leave him, 
but he was so surprised at the power Jesus had to do a 
miracle like this that he felt weak and sinful. 

Jesus had a lesson for these three men. He told 
them, "Fear not; from henceforth thou shalt catch men." 
This 'meant that they were to be preachers and soul- 
winners for Jesus. When they had brought their boats 
safely to land, they left ;their business and followed 
Jesus and really became "fishers of men". These were 
three of the Apostles who preached for Jesus after He 
went back to Heaven. . 

We, too, can be fishers of men for Jesus x* we will 
also leave all and follow Him. — L.C. 




The Bible was the only known history of Belshazzar 
until recent archaeological discoveries. 

Belshazzar, the son of Nabonidus was the grandson 
of King Nebuchadnezzar, The wording in Daniel, "Thy 
father Nebuchadnezzar", means not actual father but 
royal ancestor on the throne. From Babylonion inscrip- 
tions it has been learned that Nabonidus, much of the 
time, was in retirement outside of Babylon and that 
Belshazzar was in control of the army and the govern- 
ment co-regent with his father. This could explain 
how Daniel could be "third ruler" in the kingdom. 

The fifth chapter of Daniel gives us a short, final 
account of King Belshazzar, While giving a great 
feast, the king committed his last great sin of idola- 
try when he called for the golden vessels that were 
taken from the temple at Jerusalem, and from them the 
king and his lords drank and praised the gods of gold, 
of silver, of brass, of iron and of wood. 

During the feast, the king suddenly turned deathly 
pale and became shaken when he saw the finger of God 
writing on the wall. None of the king's wise men 
could interpret the writing. At last Daniel was sought 
out and revealed to the king his sins of idolatry and 
of not honoring or 'glorifying the God of heaven and 
earth, and for this reason his kingdom was to be taken 
from him. 

Read the fifth chapter of Daniel and learn the story 
and fate of this king and kingdom that had forsaken 
God and had turned to idolatry. 

Foseph E. Wagner 
Sonera, California 

This issue of "The Pilgrim" will be for both January 
and February because we plan to be gone from home for 
awhile if the Lord wills it. We hope to print as usual 
in March. — L.C. 


VOL. 12 MARCH, 1965 NO. 3 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 

THIS I KNOW . v.... 

I do not know what next may come , \ /.. 

Across my pilgrim way; ,1 .., "... ( „ ■ .„ 
I do not know this next year's road, 

Nor see beyond today; . : • . 

But this I know, my Saviour knows \", tf ." 

The path I can not see, . - *. ■ 
And I can trust His wounded hand' 

To guide and care for me. 

I do not know what may be mine 

Of glowing skies' or rain; 
I do not know what may befall 

Of pleasure or of pain,;' 
But this I. know, my Father sends' 

My sunshine and my "shad&y. " s ; / 
And naught that comes from' out : His "love, 

Can make my soul afraid. \ V \'/\- 

I do not know what may await , ■ " 

Or what this next year brings, 
But with a "glad salute of faith 

I hail its opening wings. 
For this r know, that' in my "Lord 

Shall all my need be met; 
And" I can 'trust the heart of Him 

Who has not failed me yet. 

. . Selected by Alma Garber 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the 
members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor; Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Danie! F. Woif. 
Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora. Calif. 


The Church of Jesus Christ is the community of the 
children of God* It is the highest and most precious 
of all relationships. It is God's own purchased pos- 
session and peculiar treasure— purchased by Jesus 
Christ, "Who loved us, and washed us from our sins in 
his own blood." (Revelation 1:5) It; is the new creation 
of which Christ is the head as Adam was of the old. 

In this relationship, we are sons of God and joint 
heirs with Jesus Christ. The Apostle John says, "Now 
are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet. appear what 
we shall be: but we know that when he shall appear, we 
shall be like him: for, we shall see him as he is." 
(I John 3:2) And again, he says in John 1:11,12, "He 
(Jesus) came unto his own, and his own received him not. 
But as many as received him, to them gave he power to 
become the sons of God, even to them that believe on 
his name: Which were born not of blood, nor of the will 
of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God." Thus 
we see that this most exclusive of all relationships 
(to God) is spiritual and not of national or blood 
relationship,-: • 

When Jesus said, "Upon this rock I will build my 
church," he was not introducing a new Idea unknown to 
the Jewish mind. The way in which, this statement is 
^nade without explanation pr ! cie script i6n seems to take 
it for granted that they were aware -that there should 
be such a building or community of saints* And there 
is reason to think that' such was the case, for the Old 
Testament prophets had spoken of it in various ways. 
v or this reason it cannot be correct to say that "the 
Old Testament prophets did not see the church age*" 
n he prophet Zecharlah (sixth chapter) prophesied of one 
whom he called the BRANCH, (which can be none other 
than Jesus Christ) who would erect a building called 



the "temple of the Lord", whose glory would far exceed., 
the glory of the temple that was being built by Zerub- - 
babel in his time. He says, "...and they that are far 
off shall come end build in the temple of the Lord." 
(Zechariah 6:12,13) That this prophecy had reference, 
to the Church is plainly indicated by the Apostle Paul 
in his epistle to the Ephesians (second chapter) where 
he' sa3^s, ■ "Now ye are no more strangers and foreigners , 
but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the house- 
hold of God; and are built upon the foundation of the 
apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the 
chief cornerstone; In whom all the building fitly framed 
together groweth into an holy temple in the Lord: In 
whofti ye also are builded together for an habitation of 
God through the Spirit." 

Again the prophet Isaiah (chapter 54) saw an exceed- 
ingly numerous family of children suddenly begotten of 
a woman forsaken and without an husband, which the 
Apostle. Paul interprets in Galat ions .4s 26-31 ■ -as the new 
relationship in Christ Jesus, called the children of 
promise — begotten by the Spirit. By referring to Isaiah 
49-L2-P2 it is seen that this enormous expanding family 
includes the Gentiles, whiab shows it was a foregleam 
to the prophets of the church age and the great family 
of the children of God — begotten in Christ Jesus by the 
Spirit through faith. 

The Church is rot a "parenthesis" as we are told by 
certain "evangelicals", but is the essence of .God's. 
eternal purpose which he purposed in Cnrist Jesus before 
the world began. For we are told in Ephesians (third 
chapter) that God will demonstrate, by the Church, to 
the principalities and powers in heavenly places, his 
"manifold wisdom according to the eternal purpose- which 
he purposed in' .Christ Jesus... of whom uhe whole family 
in heaven and earth are named." Again the Apostle 
Peter, speaking as the foremost A.postle by the Holy 
Ghost in the newly established and empowered Church of 
Christ, (Acts 3:24) says, "Yea, and all the prophets 
from Samuel and those that follow after, as many as have 
spoken, have likewise foreto ld' of these days., 11 

If there was' a parenthesis in God's eternal plan, it 

4 - _____ TIE. PILGRIM 

would seem more reasonable to believe it to be the 
"Law" given to Israel at Mount Sinai/ because the 
Apostle Paul says "It was added because of transgres- 
sions' until the seed should come to whom the promise 
was made. For as stated in Ephesians 3, God's eternal 
purpose was purposed in. Christ Jesus, .and the covenant 
of promise with Abraham was made in Christ, Therefore 
the work and building and "seed" or people that was to 
be accomplished and begotten In Christ, was the main 
program and goal/ and the "Law 11 was a temporary provis- 
ion to preserve and tutor them until the advent of the 
Messiah. "And this I say, that the covenant, that was 
confirmed before of God in. Christ, the law, which was" 
four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul,- 
that it should make the promise of none effect... 
wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because 
of transgressions, till the seed should .come to whom 
the promise was made..." (Galations 3:17-19) 

The Church is the "new people of God" founded of 
faithful-- members of the old covenant people to whom the 
promise was made. Jesus chose twelve faithful men of- 
the old covenant commonwealth of Israel, and with them 
he confirmed the new covenant when he gave them the Cup 
of the New Testament in the upper room. Then on the 
day of Pentecost they were baptized (energised) with 
the Holy Ghost,, and thus the Church of Jesus Christ 
became a reality — a- living, growing body in Jesus 
Christ with a relationship so Intimate that the Apostle 
Paul says,: "For we are members .of his body, of his 
flesh, and of his bones." What a relationship! What a 
calling I What a privilege — to be sons of Godi It is 
beyond our comprehension. Only by faith can we believe 
it and receive it. There are those who can boast of 
belonging- *to some "royal family" or of being a close 
relative of some famous national or world hero. How far 
greater to be a son ( not grandson) of God and to be heir 
of all things.. For it is said in II Corinthians 6: 16, 
"For ye are the temple of the living God; as God has 
said, I will dwell In them, and walk in them; and will 
be their God, and they shall be my people." In view 
of the greatness of this calling, the only logical con- 


elusion that can be reached is that anyone who does not 
wish to be .a member of the Church of Jesus Christ either 
does not know God and his offered plan of salvation or 
is opposed" to him and his people, ' l 

In conclusion it may be said that there are two , ' 
aspects in the nature of the Church which may be called 
the Church "militant" and 'the Church "triumphant".- 

The Church militant is the present state of the 
Church in this world in conflict with all her demonic ■ 
foes. In this state there can be foes within the Church 
as well as without of which Jesus and the Apostles have 
abundantly warned. And because of this condition, for. 
lack of a true understanding of the Church, some have 
rejected the visible Church- seeing only the mystical 
or -invisible power* of Christ operating, in individual 
lives, and not' giving proper heed to the fact that the 
Church is the body of Christ. Philip Schaff in his 
history of the Church sajrs the Church exists "not merely 
as something subjective in single pious individuals, 
but also as an objective, organized, visible society," 
There is nothing any more visible than the Church of • 
Jesus Christ as evidenced from the long history of her 
terrible physical persecutions. This militant state of 
the Church will end at the close of this 'age when the 
Lord coiries. And then the same Church will become: the 
Church triumphant to "praise and, honor and glorify the 
Great God and Father and our -Lord Jesus Christ -forever. 

Now unto him who is aole to do exceeding abundantly . 
above all that we ask or think, according to the power 
that worketh in us, Unto him be glory in the church bj 
Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without -end. 

— D.F.Wolf 


We, the members of the Old Brethren Church of Indiana 
and' Ohio 'have agreed' to- hold our Spring Communion Service 
at our meeting house 2|- miles southwest- of Wakarasa, 
Indiana on April 24 & 25, 1965* the Lord willing. 

We extend a hearty invitation to members and friends 
and especially the ministry to come and be with us then. 

—David A. Skiles 



In speaking of the redeeming and saving power of the 
blessed Son of God, we read in Colossians 1:19, "For it 
pleased the Father that in him should all fullness 
dwell." J For it was of Him and through Him that the 
Apostle Paul could speak these precious words: "And 
you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your 
mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled. In the 
body of his flesh through death, to present 3< r ou holy 
and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight t If ye 
continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not 
moved away from the hope of the gospel... 11 What could 
be more complete, more thorough, and full to the long- 
ing mind of the child of God? And in the first chapter 
of St. John we have these words: "And of his fullness 
have all we received, and grace for grace." And G how 
full was the matchless sacrifice, that Jesus made when 
He took upon Himself the -form of sinful flesh, suffered 
the most atrocious abuses of sinful men, was betrayed 
by those who had been closest to Him, had nadls pierced 
through His living flesh — all this that we through 
obedience to His will revealed in His Holy Word might 
attain to the fullness of eternal life and glory. Can 
we hope for this unless we giv^ to Him the undivided 
fullness of our life service? 

Satan is pleased with adulteration, counterfeit, and 
imitation. He even transforms into an angel of iignt. 
Deception and delusion are his and his alone. But not 
so with our Saviour Jesus who is without sin and blame- 
less. "Blessed are the pure in heart for they shall 
see God." "The pure in heart are Thy delight and they 
Thy face shall see." How wonderful is our God who 
knoweth our frame that we are oust, and that in our 
flesh dwelleth no good thing, and when we w r ould do good, 
evil is present. The 'spirit is willing, but the flesh 
is weak. But Jesus in His fullriess holds out to each 
one the glorious means of reconciliation through re- 
pentant confession of our unmeant and unpremeditated 
sins. Sadly though, if we sin willfully after we have 


received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no 
more sacrifice for sins, but a fearful looking for of 
judgment, and firey indignation which shall devour the 

But how full will be the compensation in Glory to ' 
those who have wholly followed the Lord and kept them- 
selves unspotted from the world. They shall reign with 
Christ a thousand years in company with the redeemed,' 
and the sanctified of all ages, Abraham, Isaac, and v 
Jacob and all the holy prophets. And to embrace but* 
dear loved ones who have gone before will be fullness 
of joy and depth of bliss, unseen, unfathomed, uricon- 

— David A. Skiles 
Rossville y Indiana 


I think when youth has slipped away 

.And people become old, 
That life has greater meaning, and 
There's much more to be told. 

I think that ' neath each 'wrinkled brow 

There live fond memories 
Of times that never will return, 

Sweet days that used to be. 

I do believe folks are like wine 

That mellows with its age, 
For only- with the passing years 

One can become a sage. 

And I suppose the little things 

Most of us hurry past 
Are precious beyond wildest dreams 

When life is fading fast. 

Yes, I believe when folks grow old 

They know new happiness, 
For they are living close to God 

And feel His soft caress. 

Selected by Ella Garber 


- . < CLOUDS 

March is a month of wind, clouds, and showers. Now 
we see many kinds of clouds. Those whose lives or 
livelihoods depend on the weather study them and learn 
to identify and classify them. They learn that some 
kinds indicate severe storms, others bring gentle rain, 
and still others may drift across the sky only making 
huge shadows on. the ground beneath ♦ But even school:., 
children learn that clouds have one thing in common: 
they are .made up of particles of water that one time- - 
came from the earth or sea. 

With a little thought about clouds, we can learn a 
few things about some of our troubles that we sometimes 
call clouds because they seem to darken our skies and 
temporarily dim the sunshine of God's love. 

We can learn that the sun shines above, no matter 
how high the clouds soar* Also, we learn that no cloud 
is so thick to completely hide the li^ht . of the sun 
from the ground beneath though it may dim it. Even so, 
God's love is always strong, constant, unchanging above 
the troubles that roll across our skies. And no matter 
how thick these troubles may seem, God's love is power- 
ful enough to lighten the soul beneath. J.esus said, 
,r I am the light of the world." ' 

As clouds are of the earth and the atmosphere, even 
so do our troubles originate around us and endure only 
in this world. ' 

Cur troubles are also like clouds in the effect they 
have. Some roll across our skies making only shadows. 
Others bring storms that we must brace ourselves against 
and endure. Still others bring gentle rain that refresh- 
es and waters and makes us grow when the sun of God's 
love warms our hearts. 

How beautiful it is, when the clouds roll away, to 
see the sun, moon, and stars in their beauty. Even so 
with clear vision may we behold our Heavenly Father — 
constant, powerful, beneficial, loving. 

The Heavens declare the glory. of God... . ' 

— L/C. 


• •"/ ■ HYMN STUDY 

'■•.■•....; - I LOVE THY. KINGDOM, LORD 

1 love Thy kingdom, ■ Lord, 
The house of Thine abode-*- 
i The Church our blest Redeemer saved 

With His own precious blood, 

: I love Thy Church God? 

.Her walls before Thee stand, 
Dear, as the apple of Thine eye, 
And graven on Thy hand. 

For "her my tears shall fall; 
For hfer my prayers ascend; 
To her my. cares and toils be given, 
. Till toils and cares shall end* 

Beyond my highest joy, 

.1 prise her heavenly ways, 
Her sweet communion, solemn vows/ 
Her hymns of love and praise . 

Jesus, Thou Friend divine, 

Our Saviour and our King, 
Thy hand from every snare and foe ' 

Shall great deliverance bring. • ■ 

Sure as Thy truth shall last, 

To Zion shall be given, , 

The brightest glories earth can yield, 
And brighter bliss of Heaven. 

This old Church hymn was composed by Dr. Timothy 
' Dwight in the year 1800. He was born at Northampton, 

Massachusetts on May 14, 1752, and was graduated from 
I Yale College at the early age of 13. He died on Jan- 
uary 11, 1817 in Connecticut where he had spent most of 
his life. Dr. Dwight was president of Yale College 
from 1795 until the year of his death in 1817. 

Dr. Dwight was a Calvinist, and so believed that men 


have no choice in thier eternal destiny. Politically 5 
he was a Federalist and felt that the Church should 
control all the affairs of the state. He was bitterly 
opposed to the democratic theories of President 
Jefferson, who believed that saints and sinners, college 
presidents and longshoremen : should have equal rights. 

Of all the hymns written in America between 1620 and 
1824 j of which Dr. Dwight wrote 33, this one hymn of 
his was the only one to survive. - : 

I believe every member of- the true Church, which Is 
the body of Christ , loves this : beautiful hymn of de- 
votion - 

We notice the writer uses the terms "Church", 
"Kingdom" and "ZIori" synonymously* According to the 
Word of God,. I believe he was right in believing it 
this way. In order to gain admittance Into the Kingdom 
of God, we" must become joined to Christ's body, the 

Today we hear much about accepting Christ as our 
personal Saviour, which I am sure Is essential, but too 
often the importance of becoming a part of the Church 
is overlooked. Jesus told Peter in Matthew 16: IS, 
"Upon this Rock I will build my Church; and the gates 
of hell shall not prevail against, it." Let us be grate- 
ful for all that God. has. provided for us through the 
Church: the fellowship, the love-, and the ordinances, 
and faithfully uphold the sacred teachings of Christ, 
our Saviour, until He comes again to -receive His 
glorious Church unto Himself . — Joseph L. Cover 

Come to the church in the mountains 

To the little 'brown church 

Where the cedars and pines' 

Those tall stately trees make fragrant, the breeze 

And temper the sun when It shines. 

Come to the church- in the mountains ■ -. 

To the little brown church , 

Where- in sermon and -song ...... : ' : •-■"■.. 

Our voices we 1 11 raise to our Saviour's praise 
For only to Him do praises belong. 

— Guy Hootman 


by J. W. Southwood 

Having shown that God made a covenant with Abram, 
and renewed it with Isaac and Jacobs that he would give 
to their seed the land of Canaan; and that later, on 
Mount Sinai he made a conditional covenant in which he 
promised many blessings provided they would remember 
all his commandments to do them, and threatened them 
with many curses If they did not remember all. his com- 
mandments to do them. One of which he would scatter 
them among all nations, which is being fulfilled, and 
thus punish, them for a while, but would not utterly de- 
stroy them, bux that he would bring them again into the 
land which he by an oath of confirmation promised Abram, 
Isaac and Jacob that he would give to their seed. 

I will next call attention to some of the many pas- 
sages which speak of Christ's second coming. While I 
hold that the scriptures plainly teach that Christ's 
second coming is yet in the future, there are some who 
claim that he made his second advent at the time of the 
destruction of Jerusalem by Titus the Roman general. 
Perhaps the strongest passage in support of this claim 
is the following: "Verily I say unto you, This gener- 
ation shall not pass, till all these" things be ful- 
filled." (Matt. 24:34) Luke says, "This generation 
shall not pass away till all be fulfilled." (Luke 21:32) 
Alexander Hall in his "Universalism Against Itself", 
page 141, after speaking of the word 'genea' be,ing here 
translated 'generation', says, "Martin Luther and. Dr. 
George Campbell, whose translations are before me, have 
the word 'genea' translated 'race', referring to the 
Jewish nation, which has not yet become extinct. That 
race of people yet remains a distinct nation, though 
scattered among all the nations of the earth, and con- 
sequently have not yet passed away. 


"The same word, here translated ! generation 1 , is 
found in Phil, 2^15 and- is .rendered .;' nation T , in the 
common version. Had it been thus translated in Matt. 
24:34 * which could have v beVh ; done -with all propriety, 
then we would read: "Verily I say unto you: this na- 
tion." (the Jews as a' people) /shall not pass away' till 
all these things be fulfilled, " that Is, till Jerusalem* 
is destroyed, the Jews are scattered among all nations, 
the" Son of min. comes in power and great glory, and until 
the angels are commissioned to gather the elect from the 
uttermost J parts of the earth, to the uttermost parts of 
heaven. ; And; as that race, that generation or that na- 
tion, has not yet passed away, but retains all the pe- 
culiar 'characteristics of a distinct people they ever 
did; it follows that these events predicted by the 
Saviour (the last of which was his own personal appear- 
ance and' the gathering of the elect) have not yet all 
been fulfilled. This text then,_ so far as favoring the 
idea of the coming of the Lord at the destruction of 
Jerusalem, Is but another confirmation of its fallacy." 

I am not favorable to the rendering of r geh.ea*, 
'nation', as in Phil. 2:15 of our common version, but 
think, it should be 'generation' as given in the new, 
the- l^irdoek and the Wilson versions- ■ Neither am I 
favorable to the rendering of the word 'natlon'^in 
Matt^ 24:34 as stated by "Hall, because the Jews as an" 
organised nation are destroyed, but not as a race or 
people. '. So T consider 'race' as given in the versions 
referred : 'to by Hall, a 'better rendering.' 'Race 1 is one 
of the definitions given by Greenfield of the word 
*genea r . 'Race* is also one of the definitions given 
by Webster of 'generations':. "'■ ■ ■ 

"Immediately after the 'tribulation of those : days 
shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give 
her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and' - 
the powers of the heavens shall be shaken. And then 
shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven; and 
then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they 
shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven 
with power and great glory. And he shall send his 
angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall 



gather together his elect from the four winds, from one 
end of heaven to the other." (Matt. 24? 29-3.1) Because 
this passage says, "immediately after the tribulation 
of those days/ 1 it stands out so unreconcilably against 
the idea that Christ made his second advent at the de- 
struction of Jerusalem, the advocates of that claim 
have made effort to turn it against those who claim 
that his second coming is yet in the future, and en- 
deavor to confuse by intimating that ."those days" were 
the days at the time Jerusalem was destroyed, and that 
"immediately after the tribulation of those days," means 
immediately after the destruction of Jerusalem. They 
seem to have over looked xvhat Luke has to say concern- 
ing the duration of this tribulation. He says, "For 
there shall be great distress in the land, and wrath 
upon this people. And they shall fall by the edge of 
the sword, and shall be led away captive into all na- 
tions; and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gen- 
tiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled." 
(Luke, .21:23,24). 

This shows that the scattering of this people, and 
the treading down* of Jerusalem will continue "Until the 
times of the Gentiles be fulfilled." And so the tribu- 
lation will continue till that time. In Deut. 4:30 we 
read, "When thou art in tribulation, and all these 
things come upon you, even in the latter days." 

From this we may learn that the tribulation of those 
days was not all at the time of the destruction of Jeru- 
salem., but that it continues through the period in which 
they are "scattered among all nations." When they are 
once more brought into their country from the nations 
among whom they have been, and are yet scattered, then 
the "tribulation of those days" will cease. Then imme- 
diately after that time, "they shall see the Son of man 
coming in the dlouds of heaven with power and great 

There is a claim made and published in print that 
Jesus will first come as a thief in the night, and then 
so that every eye. shall see him. And that he may be ex- 
pected to come as a thief in the night some time between 
the dates 1898 and 1928. And then at or near the last 


date he will come so -every eye shall see -him, and that 
he will lead the Jews back to their promised land of 
Canaan . ; My last argument is. a refutation of this claim 
also, ; so far as relates to his coming before the Jews 
are permitted to return to, and occupy their promised 
land, "For yourselves know perfectly that the day of 
the Lord so comet h as a thief in the night. But ye/ 
brethren , are not. in darkness , that that day should 
overtake you as a thief .. Ye are all the children of 
light, and the children of; the day: 'we are not of the 
night, nor of darkness.. Therefore let us not sleep, as 
do. others; but let- us watch and be sober. 11 (I Thess. 
5:2,4-6) ;. 

From this we may learn that Christ will come as a 
thief in the. night to those who are" In darkness, to 
those who" are of the night, to those who are spiritual- 
ly asleep. "And he shall send his angels with a great 
sound of a trumpet , and they shall gather together his 
elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to 
the other. 11 (Matt. 24:34) Mark' has it ,r from the utter- 
most part of the earth to the uttermost part- of heaven." 
'Mark 13r2?) This gathering together of his elect is 
one of the things that will occur at his coming. Did 
it occur, at the time Jerusalem was destroyed by Titus 
the Roman general? A negative answer seems' the only 
reasonable one. 

. ■ From "'The Vindicator" July, 19CS 
V Selected oj D. F. Wolf 


The- Clock of Time Is wound but once, 

And no man has the .power 
To tell just when the hands will stop, 

At late or early hour. 
n Now" Is the only time you own; 

Live, love, toil with a will. 
Place no faith in : tomorrow, for * 

The hands may then be still. 

Selected, by Amos Baker 

THE PILGRIM „ „ . 15.. 


One time when Jesus was preaching In a. house in :•< 
Capernaum, a great crowd gathered. There were. so many 
people that they filled the house and, crowded tight ag- 
round the door, all wanting to hear Jesus* words. .As 
Jesus spoke, four men came carrying. a sick man on a. bed. 
The man had palsy and could not walk. They knew that , 
if only they could get their friend in to Jesus, He - 
would heal him, but they could not push through the : ., 
crowd. Finally they thought of a way to get in. They,, 
hoisted their friend to the top of the building and 
quickly began to make a hole in the roof. When the-/ ■-■ 
hole was large enough, they simply lowered the. sick man, 
bed and all, right in the middle, of the. crowd in front 
of Jesus. .. -. . w , ,■ . 

Jesus saw that these men had faith, , so He said -to. .-, 
the sick man, '"Son, thy sins be forgiven thee. 11 Now _* 
there were proud men called "scribes" in the crowd y 'and- 
they did not believe that Jesus had the power to forgive 
people's sins. They thought He was just a man and not ; 
the very Son of God* So they began to -criticize Jesus 
in their own thoughts. But Jesus even knew -what they- ; 
were thinking! So He asked these proud men, "Which is 
easier to say to this man, f Thy sins be forgiven thee. r 
or r Arise, and take up thy bed, and walk,*?" Of course, 
these men could neither heal anyone nor forgive their 
sins. But Jesus can do bothl So to prove this He said 
to the sick man, "I say unto' thee, Arise, and take lip " 

thy bed, and go thy way into thine house." Immediately 

the man stood up, picked up his bed and walked out 
through the crowd 1 . The crowd was amazed and began to 
thank and praise God. - * ,.; 

Jesus still has the same power today as He did then. 
So let us never doubt what He can do, but believe that 
He can both forgive sins and' heal diseases. 

You can find this story in your Bible in the book of 
Mark, chapter 2, verses 1 to 12. — L.C. 

16, THE . PILGRIM.. 


"For whatsoever -a .man- soweth, that shall -he also 
re.ap> For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the 
flesh reap corruption. n An example of the above scrip- 
ture Is. the wicked woman Jezebel* 

. She was the daughter of Ethbaal,. king of the Zidon— 
ians^a wicked and, idolatrous .nation. Ahab, king .of 
Israel,, took her for his -wife and adopted her wicked 
religion and even built an altar and house of Baal in 
Samaria... . ■ ■•.-. 

Her life was marked by wicked deeds. When the Lord 
withdrew- the rain because of Ahab's sin in marrying 
•her j she retaliated by slaying the prophets of the 
Lord.; Then she determined with an- oath to kill Elijah, 
after the Lord had. so miraculously demonstrated His 
power In answering Elijah by fire, and Elijah had 
slain the prophets of Baal. Again her wickedness and 
cruelty were shown when she had Naboth and his, sons 
slain -because he- refused to go against the Law and give 
nis possession to Ahab. 

■Her end finally came . when she was thrown down to the 
street from a high window, ; trodden under the horse's .- 
fepty and eaten by dogs, 

i , Yes I ."For whatsoever a. man. soweth, that shall he. . 
also .-reap. -For he, that soweth to his : flesh shall. of -- ■ 
zhe flesh reap corruption, but he that . so weth to the • 
spirit - shall of the, '. spirit ; reap life everlastin g . . ■ ; 

■*••' ■• '■ —Daniel S. Wagner 
■ ' Covington, Ohio 


It's not 'so -much what happens,- 
' ; Whether tough or lucky breaks. 
= The thing - : that really matters 

Is the attitude one takes; 

• ' - • ' by ' Mary K * s Goodman 


VOL. 12 APRIL, 1965 * NO, 4 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the sou!/ 1 Peter 2:11 

by Patience Strong 

This is our creed: that God's own Son 

was sent on earth to pay 
The price of our salvation, and to show 

the lost souls The Way; 
Buying our redemption on the Croas 

of Calvary, 
Marking out the path of wisdom, peace, 

and charity. 

This is our Faith: that Mary found 

an empty sepulchre, 
And as she wept in sorrow, there the Lord 

appeared to her. 
He, the Christ, had risen in the quiet 

morning hour."' 
He, the King of Light and Life, had broken 

death's dark power. 

Mourner, this is Eastertide^: 

the Resurrection Day, 

Turn to Him in faith and He will ..wipe ' 
your tears away. 

He has proved the final truth 
of immortality. 

Love survives the change called death. 
,, ■ Love lives eternally. 

Selected from "Ideals-" 
by Ella Garber 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the 
members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 
Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora, Calif. 


The resurrection of Jesus: the greatest single event 
recorded in the history of man I It is the basis for the 
Christians 1 hope of life beyond the grave. It has 
brought forth the most noble expressions of pathos and 
emotion ever expressed by human lips. Herein lies the 
faith of Christianity — a realization that we will not 
always be surrounded by sin, sorrow, aches, and pains, 
but that in GocPs own time, a new body, a new day, and 
a new and ' 'glorious life will dawn on us. It will never 
know an end. . ' Eternity 1 Internal life without anything 
to mar the complete "happiness of the redeemed souli 
All this and more hinges on the resurrection of Jesus 
Christ our Lord. 

The first day of the week. comet h Mary Magdalene * . . 
D eter and John running to the sepulchre ., .John looking 
into the tomb; and he saw and ■ believed. Mary stood 
without weeping and heartbroken. "Woman, why weepest 
thou?" she was asked of the angels. "Because they have 
taken away my Lord, and I know not where they have laid 
him." Jesus said unto her, "Woman, why weepest thou?" 
*Iot knowing it was the risen Lord and supposing Him to 
be the gardener, Mary said, "Sir, If thou have borne 
him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him and I will 
take him away," Jesu£..-saith. unto her, "Mary*" This 
was the voice _ of the King* of Kings calling to the depths 
of an anguished soul.' 1 It caused Mary to utter a word 
which every soul should say when they hear the call of 
Jesus. "Master." Only one wordy but what a depth of 
meaning it has I The Master of our soul; a willingness 
to follow -where He leads; a trust in one \ who has mastered 
the art of living- ; a perfect life. He was tempted in all 
points as we-r-yet without sin. He Is the hope of the 
world because He has vanquished the hosts of sin that 
Satan arrayed against the spotless Lamb of God. He had 


the power to lay down His life and He had power to take 
it again. This commandment He had received of the 
Father. The resurrection — the greatest miracle of all 

Let us go back to the night before the resurrection 
morning. Pilate had given authority for a watch to-be 
placed around the tomb. The stone was sealed to make 
sure that no one would steal the body of Jesus, Sol- 
diers under the Roman law were to be put to death if 
they went to sleep during a watch. Everything that man 
could do was done to keep the Lord in the tomb. What 
a sad story it would be if he had accomplished it I 
Early in the morning there was a great earthquake, for 
the angel of the Lord rolled back the stone from the 
door and sat upon it . No Roman soldier dared challenge 
that glorious being. All they could do was shake and 
tremble in fear till they became insensible and fell" ' 
down as dead men. The angel T s countenance was like 
lightning and his raiment white as snow.' Power and"- "• 
purity, two forces that challenged the physical and 'the 
spiritual part of sinful man. I do not doubt that some 
of those Roman soldiers became Christians. They were 
told to say that while they slept His disciples came 'by 
night and stole the body of Jesus. Who but the soldiers 
would tell it? 

Jesus rose from the dead! A living, glorious Lord 
who appeared to many of His followers. Jesus had ap- 
peared to ail the disciples but Thomas, The other said 
unto Thomas, "We have seen the Lord. 11 Thomas replied, 
"Except I see in his hands the print of the nails and 
put my finger into the print of the nails and thrust my 
hand into his side, I will not believe." Thomas must 
have been very impressed with the crucifixion and had 
no doubt that Jesus was dead. After eight days, again 
His desciples were within and Thomas was with them: 
then, came Jesus, the doors being shut and stood in their 
midst and said, "Peace be unto you." Then saith He to 
Thomas, "Reach hither thy finger and behold my hands, 
and reach hither thy hand and thrust it into my side, 
and be not faithless, but believing." And Thomas an- 
swered and said, "My Lord and my God I" This from the 


bottom of a doubting soul which never was to doubt again. 
If only all Christians could say the same words with the 
same conviction, great would be the witness. 

"The Lord is risen indeed," said the two who saw the 
Lord on the way to Emmaus. This is just another basic 
truth that is necessary for us to have firmly fixed in 
our hearts. There is no other fact so abundantly proven 
in the history of man as the resurrection of Jesus from 
the dead. Praise God; The Lord is risen indeed. 

-Rudolph Cover 
Sonora, California 


Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a 
crown of life. (Revelation 2:10) But he that endureth 
unto the end, the same shall be saved. (Matthew 24:13) 

We enlist in the program of faithfulness for the 
duration of our journey to the promised land. We have 
promised and covenanted at our baptism to be faithful 
unto death. So we embark on our Christian journey 
accompanied by the promises of God being fulfilled to 
the help, encouragement, and to final attaining unto 
victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. (I Corinthians 

It is necessary that we continue to keep our eyes on 
the goal, as we read, "Forgetting those things which are 
behind, and reaching forth unto those things that are 
before, I press toward the mark for the prize of the 
high calling of God in Christ Jesus." (Phillipians 
3:13,14) While also we must keep to daily watching and 
prayer "that we enter not into temptation," (Matthew 
26:41) we must not be distracted by the many conditions 
on the sidelines. We need be very careful that our 
lives show a positive activity in the Christian duties, 
labors, and virtues as well as to "deny ourselves of 
all ungodly and worldly lusts." (Titus 2:11-15) 

Faithfulness and endurance harmonize together. To 
"endure hardness as a good soldier of Jesus Christ" 
(II Timothy 2:31); "To endure chastening" (Hebrews 12:7); 
"To endure grief suffering wrongfully" (I Peter 2:19); 


"To endure all things.' 1 (I Corinthians 13:7) n Faithful 
continuance in well doing"- (Romans, 2:?) includes endur- 
ance. Our journey through life need not be spectacular; 
just dutiful, helpful, hopeful, faithful living which 
anyone of sound mind can be engaged in and successful; 
by the help and power of God. "It is God which worketh 
in you both to will and 'to do of His good pleasure «■■ Do 
all things without murmuring and disputings: - that; ye- 
may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without 
rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse- nation, 
among whom ye shine-as lights in the world." (Phil. 2:13) 
" To be saved, to receive a crown- of • life-, are promises 
like the morning sun. They are presented unto us- at- the 
beginning of our Christian journey and continue- to light- 
en up our pathway until the sunset of life.- And -just 
beyond the sunset we may go to: the regions of eternal- 
day and receive the ^fulfillment of every promise- of .the 
life to come. (I Timothy '4: 8) May we hear ..our Lord say 
to us, -"Well done, thou'-gOod and faithful servant: thou 
hast been faithful over a few things., I will make thee 
ruler over many things:'- enter, thou into the joys of 
thy Lord. (Matthew 25:21) J.. ./. 

Faithful day" by day to live, 

Faithful all life 1 s jcurtiey long, 

Faithful service Lord to give, 
Faithful Sounding word and song. 

Faithful In the morning lifht, 

Faithful in the noonday sun, 
Faithful in the evening light, 

Faithful till our race is run. 

Faithful living until death, 

Faithful till the crown is won, 
Faithful till the parting breath, 
! . Faithful till the setting sun. 

Faithful till we upward fly. 
Faithful till we end the race, 

Faithful meet Thee in the. sky, 
And behold Thee face to face. 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonora, California 


... . . ' by Ananias Hensel 

The people of God are represented in the word of God 
as pilgrims and strangers. The children of Adam are all 
strangers on earth in one relation or another * As they 
came into the world and while they continue in their 
natural state they are children of wrath, strangers from 
the covenants of promise, alienated from the life of God, 
having no hope, and mere unbelievers in the world. But 
those who, are reconciled and brought nigh by the blood 
of Christ .are indeed no longer strangers to God, and yet 
they must be strangers still under a new capacity, to 
the world and their former condition in it. Through the 
effectual working of the spirit of grace they become 
mortified in their affections to the former lusts which 
ruled over them in the time of their ignorance and es- 
trangement from God, grow more and more dead to self, 
with all its false ambition and groveling views, are at 
a distance from the life and spirit of the world and 
tremble to follow its maxims or mix with its per suits. 
Like Israel of old, they wander in a wilderness in a 
solitary way and find no city to dwell in. God is their 
guide through this desert world, they not knowing truly 
the steps of their course without Him, but follow Him 
in faith whithersoever He goeth. They depend upon Him 
bo lead them forth by the right way, that they go to 
the city of habitation. 

Thus the redeemed of the Lord are strangers in a 
strange land and are treated accordingly. Walking in 
the spirit of their master, the world perceives the 
alienation, will at least ridicule, and if permitted 
would persecute them for it. For which reason doubtless 
it was that our Lord and His apostles gave that standing 
admonition to the church: marvel not if the world hate 
you. If ye were of the world, the world would love its 
own; but because ye are not of the world, but I have 
chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth 
you,- (St. John 15:18,19) 


Now as the Christian is and must be a stranger upon 
earth, averse to its evil maxims and, life, it is there- 
fore expedient for him to be a pilgrim, that is, a 
passenger from the earth to a better country, even the 
heavenly. He must be a spiritual Hebrew, which; means 
the same thing, and must relinquish his own country- 
(like Abraham) and his father's house, that is, this 
present evil world, and the old Adam of nature in which 
he was born. From these he must pass over the flood as 
the river and the Red Sea were passed over of old with 
a decided purpose, and make the best of his way under 
the divine guidance and protection to the promised land. 
He can. not fix his thoughts here for this is not his 
rest. • ... - 

Thus he becomes a continual sojourner as all the 
fathers and all the faithful ever were. He is ehgaged 
in a pilgrimage and must proceed, for destruction is be- 
hind him, and before him an eternal weight of glory. 
To. go backward is horror; to stand still is misery; to- 
fall short is despair. He is- therefore in earnest upon 
this most awful, this most necessary business, nor would 
he be wrong for a thousand worlds. Consequently, know- 
ing his own. weakness as well as his own infirmity, he 
is importunate in prayer, watchful in spirit, tender in 
heart, humble in life, and looking (but bewailing that 
he looks not enough) to Jesus that he may be kept by., 
the power of God through faith unto -salvation... He walks 
in the order of providence for this world and in the 
spirit of grace for another, and God is his guide; in 
both according to that sweet promise. "An highway shall 
be there (A certain and prepared way) and it shall -be- 
called the way of holiness, the unclean shall not pass 
over it, but it shall be for those, the wayfaring men, 
though fools, shall not err therein. No lion shall be 
there, nor any ravenous beast shall go up thereon,, it 
shall not be found there, but the redeemed shall walk 
there. And the ransomed of the Lord shall return and 
come to Zion with songs and everlasting joy upon their 
heads; they shall obtain joy and gladness and sorrow and 
and sighing shall flee away." (Isaiah 35:3-10) In thus 
being strangers and pilgrims and Hebrews, they are also 


truly and .spiritually the only Jews, that is, the con- 
fessors and glorifiers of Jehovah. He is not a Jew, 
saith the apostle, who is one outwardly, neither is that 
circumcision which is outward In the flesh, but he is. a 
Jew who is one inwardly and circumcision is that of the 
heart, in the spirit and not in the letter, whose praise 
is not of men but of God. A Jew in the flesh is but a 
shadow of a Jew in the spirit, and a Jew xn the spirit 
constitutes a Christian, who is the true and living Jew. 
And circumcision of the heart is cutting off the old 
man with his deeds so as not to live by him. The bap- 
tism and regeneration of the spirit which is putting on 
the new man, even Christ Jesus, as the substance of - 
spiritual life, the sacrifice of the whole body, soul- 
and spirit to the will of Jehovah through Christ Jesus. 
Where this has taken, place, the soul is brought into 
communion with God as a friend and. a .child, is enabled - 
to crucify the flesh with its affections and lusts, is- 
rendered a stranger and pilgrim on earth, is brought in- 
to the bonds of the everlasting cpvenant, and has a 
right, .and title through Christ to all the promises, 
mercies, "blessings and truths revealed in the gospel. 
This gospel is the common charter and deed of conveyance 
to -the heirs of salvation, who are privileged now with- 
out a falsehood to cry *7bba Father," and as children . 
to put in a rightful and acknowledged claim to all, that 
.is purchased and to all that is prepared for them.. They 
are but. one nation under the same king, one chosen gen- 
eration- under- the same head, one family under the same 
Father, all dear to Him and by Him provided for and pro- 
tected continually. Oh what a transcendent glory is 
put upon poor worms, when redeemed from the earth and 
made kings and priests unto God and the Father for ever 

.What honorable thoughts should the Christian have of 
his own reward, state and condition! How should we 
strive to keep it clear from all impeachment and degrad- 
ation. -How full of praise should he be to the Father., 
Son, and Spirit j the one. Jehovah- who hath done so much 
■for him, and will yet do more in time and in eternity,, 

Brethren and sisters., -when we think of these things, 


our hearts... ought, to melt within us and our souls, ought :.. 
to be ready to cry out > "Who and what are we that the 
Lord hath done so much for us, n What else but love di- 
vine could have taken us from the base and vile condi- 
tion of a stranger to God and have raised us not only 
to the honorable degree of servants but to the affec- 
tionate relation of friends and, sons and daughters, and 
even heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ Jesus of . 
an exceeding and eternal weight of glory. what hath 
God done for poor souls? How hath He made us to re- 
joice in the assurance of His favor, ■ let this kin- 
dle in our hearts the warmest flame of affection; and 
gratitude ,. and let us more and more learn to become 
strangers to all but to God and what belongs to His 
truth and our salvation. Let us daily feel and remem- 
ber : that we are but pilgrims and sojourners here, and 
consequently let the staff aJLways be in our hands > our.' 
loins girt and our lanips burning, ever waiting in meek 
and patient expectation for the coming or calling of 
our Lord and Redeemer. Thus, may we often stand upon 
our watchtower, eagerly looking for the Son of the; • ; 
morning,, the appearance of the Son of righteousness to ' 
bless us, even us,, in His kingdom,^ Ve are but- poor ■ 
travelers , weak and sorely beset within and without. •: 
May the Lord help us, strengthen us in our journey, and 
quicken cur pace in it that we may not be slow of" 'heart' 
to believe nor dull in spirit to follow Him in. the' ways 
of salvation, etc. 

Selected from !I The Vindicator' 1 , 1892 
: <- , by D. A. Skiles 


VJe, the members of the Old Brethren Church of Indiana 
and Ohio have agreed to hold our Spring Communion Ser- 
vice at our meeting house 2§ miles southwest of WakarUsa, 
Indiana on April 24 & 25, 19&5, the Lord willing. 

We extend a hearty invitation to members and friends 
and especially the ministry to come and be with us then. 

— David A. Skiles 




(Condensed from an article by Michael Montgomery in the 
January 1907 Vindicator,) 

"And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with ar- 
mies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh. 
Then let them which are in Judea flee to the mountains; 
and let them which are in the -midst of it depart out, 
and let not them. that are in the countries enter there- 
into. -For these be the days of .vengeance, that all 
things which are written may be fulfilled." Luke 21:20- 
22. Also see Matthew 24:15* "When ye therefore shall 
see thera.bomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel 
the prophet;, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, 
let ;him understand) ." The next four verses tell their 
flight to the mountains, and the twenty first says., 
"Then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since 
the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever 
shall he." Further see Mark 13:14, H 3ut when ye shall 
see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel 
the prophet, standing where it ought not, (let him that 
readeth understand) then let them that be in Judea flee 
to the mountains." 

There having been a request in the July number of 
the Vindicator, on page 218, for some one to explain 
the above scriptures, and no one having done so, there 
have been a number of brethren since expressed a desire 
to have the same explained. Hence this effort to ex- 
plain what is meant by the abomination of desolation 
spoken of by Daniel the prophet standing in the holy 
place, and where it ought not, as set forth in all the 
above scriptures. 

In regard to the destruction of Jerusalem and the 
temple, to make this question plain we will have to re- 
fer to, history in. connection to the above scriptures. 
This Christ foretold about 36 years before the war com- 
menced, and 40 years before the destruction of the city 


and the temple, and 42 years before the end of the war, 
according to Josephus. These prophesies were fulfilled 
to the letter. The Jews had been tributary to the dif- 
ferent heathen nations that had the control over. Jeru- 
salem ever since the temple of Solomon was destroyed, 
until about 58 years before the birth of Christ. The 
Roman power had control over Palestine and Jerusalem 
until it was finally destroyed by Titus the' Roman gene- 
ral. It was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar on the same 
day of the same month, just six hundred and twenty- 
eight years before the temple was destroyed by the Ro- 
mans, as Josephus says that fate had ordered it to be 
so, as a Roman soldier set fire to the temple contrary 
to the design of Titus. Further we have 75 years, 10 
months and 8 days after the birth of Christ for the 
destruction of the temple, that is, 4 years, 2 months 
and 22 days after the beginning of the war. 

Now when Jerusalem was compassed with armies, how 
could the disciples flee to the mountains? History 
says that it was about 128 years after the Jews were 
defeated by Pompey. And after the war had commenced it 
raged with about equal success until the eighth day of 
the month, Marchesvan, the Jews eighth month, when 
Cestus the first Roman general that 'surrounded and be- 
seiged Jerusalem suffered a most terrible defeat from 
the Jews and was driven away from Jerusalem with a loss 
of a great part of his army, which left the city free 
for some time . 

Some think that this defeat of the Romans was a 
special act of divine providence for the purpose of 
giving the Christians who were in Jerusalem an opportun- 
ity to make their escape from the city in obedience to 
the command that Christ gave to his disciples when he 
foretold to them the destruction of Jerusalem as re- 
ferred to at the head of this article. At this defeat 
of Cestus the first Roman general against Jerusalem, 
then the Christians escaped from the city and went to 
a place called Pella. When Nero heard of this defeat, 
he sent Vespasian to take command of the Roman forces 
in the place of Cestus, who began his military opera- 
tions in Galilee. He took Gadara first and Jotapa next, 


after a terrible resistance by the Jews under Josephus, 
who was, taken prisoner by the Romans. His life was 
spared and from then till the end of the war he was 
with the Romans- and acted the part of a mediator between 
the, Jews and the Romans. This Vespasian took city after 
city on his march toward Jerusalem, and prepared to be- 
seige Jerusalem, but before his plans were matured, 
Nero died. 

Now the Jews were forbidden in their law to make any 
kind of an idol or graven image, to raise up a standing, 
image, or set up any image of stone in their land. . * , 
That these idolatrous 'images are what is meant by the 
abomination, there seems to be but little chance for 
doubt: and the- Jews in the time of Herod understood 
it so. Hence the strong indignation against Herod and 
willingness on the part. of these men to die rather than 
see their temple polluted with an idolatrous image set 
up over the gate of the temple. When the Romans com- 
menced war with the Jews, they overspread the whole 
land of Palestine with their armies: and wherever their 
armies marched they went with the effigies of the Caesar 
or the Roman flag... They spread abomination and desola- 
tion wherever they went, through the whole country of 
Judea, by desolating and destroying everything that 
came in their way; they showed little, if any, mercy to 
any age or sex. Thus showing without a doubt after 
Cestus was defeated and retreated, that some time after 
Titus again surrounded and besieged Jerusalem and set 
the Roman flag over, the gate of the great temple, was 
xri the strictest sense the abomination of desolation 
npokenof by Daniel the prophet standing in the holy 
place, pr where it ought not. 

However , as Luke gives it, "When ye see Jerusalem 
compassed .with ..armies, then know that the desolation 
thereof is. nigh.". Thus as above stated, the warning to 
flee.. But after a, time .when Titus surrounded the city, 
and the Roman flag: set .up over the gate of the temple, 
then it . stood where it ought not, according to the Jew- 
ish law, which specially represented the desolation bx 
the city and temple. True, there were great desolations 
in Judea before and after Jerusalem and the temple were 


destroyed. But when said flag stood over the gate of 
the temple standing where it ought not, was the carry- 
ing into effect or fulfilling the entire desolation of 
Jerusalem and the temple as the warning had been in the 
land of Judea. Cestus surrounded the city and retreat- 
ed and gave a chance for the Christians to flee before 
Titus finally desolated and destroyed Jerusalem. After 
Titus had taken Jerusalem he marched his army to Cesarea 
Phillippi where he lay, as Josephus says, a considerable 
time, and exhibited all sorts of shows there. A great 
number of captive Jews were destroyed there, and while 
he was at C6sarea he solemnized the birthday of his 
brother Domitian after a splendid manner, and inflicted 
a great deal of the punishment intended for the Jews in 
honor of him. For the number of those that were now 
slain in fighting with the beasts, and were burnt, and 
fought with one another, exceeded 2,500. Yet did all 
this seem to the Romans, when they were thus destroyed 
ten thousand several ways, to be a punishment beneath 
their deserts. Great punishments and persecutions a- 
waited them in all countries and cities into which they 
were dispersed. Titus also slew a great many of the 
Jews on the occasion of the celebration of his father 1 s 
birthday. There probably never was a nation against 
which such a relentless war of extermination waged. 
The Romans seemed to have an unmerciful hatred against 
them, and the persecution against them at this time 
continued until the consummation, and that determined 
was poured upon the desolate. 

A more disconsolate and desolate nation did not ex- 
ist upon the earth, from the time of the destruction of 
Jerusalem until the beginning of the nineteenth century. 
It would seem therefore that it was the commander of 
the Roman army, Titus, who should overspread abomina-; 
tions and make it (Jerusalem) desolate, "even until the 
consummation, and that determined should be poured upon 
the desolate." See Josephus' "Wars of the Jews," book 
7, chapters 2-4 * And that determined means that what 
is decreed shall be; and the pouring desolation upon 
the Jews was decided upon when the angel Gabriel ap- 
peared to the prophet Daniel in the first year of Darius 


the Mede, the son of Ahasuerus, 

Now the above is in harmony with Luke 21:24. "And 
they shall fall by the edge of the sword and shall be 
led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall 
be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the 
Gentiles be fulfilled," This time we believe is very 
nearly here that the desolated Jews will again possess 
their land, when Christ will come, of which much might 
be said in connection to the above subject relative to 
the new covenanted people, and also their experience 
since the destruction of Jerusalem, and the closing of 
this dispensation. But as this article, is long enough 
we must forbear. 

—Selected by D. F* Wolf 


Jephthah was known as a mighty man and judge in 
Israel. The judges of Israel were not like the judges 
that we know today. Instead, they were such men as 
the Lord would from time to time call to lead Israel 
against her enemies in times of war or crises. 

There are two things about Jephthah which are par- 
ticularly interesting. The first is that he had been 
banished to the land of Too, which is north of Gilead, 
by his half-brothers. However, when the Ammonites be*- 
gan to make war against Gilead the elders sent for 
jephthah to return to lead them in battle. This is a 
rather ironical situation in which the Gileadites are 
forced to ask a man whom they had rejected to be their 
leaaer. It shows that a society may judge and reject 
a man unfairly, while God is able to look at that per- 
son and, in percieving his innermost thoughts, is able 
to use him in carrying out the divine will. 

The second thing which Jephthah is noted for is his 
vow. During the battle with the Ammonites, he vowed 
that, if the Lord would deliver Amnion into his hands, 


when he returned home he would offer whatsoever came 
out of his door to meet him for a burnt offering to the 
Lord. One can only speculate as to what he thought he 
might have to offer. It would seem "that perhaps he had 
some animal in mind. However, in that period of time 
it was common practice for the Canaanites aftd other 
surrounding peoples to offer human sacrifices.., : Same 
scholars have speculated that Jephthah had a servant 
in mind for his offering. At any rate, we do know that 
he was not prepared for what actually happened. Truly , 
it must have been a horrifying experience to see his ; ' 
daughter coming to meet him as he returns home.victo-. , 
rious and remembers his vow. 

The tragedy here is expressed in Jephthah' s own words 
when he 'says, "Alas, my daughter 1' thou hast brought me 
very, low and art one of, them that trouble me: for J 
have opened my mouth unto the Lord, and I cannot go 
back." Jephthah. regretted his rash vow, but it was I 
made and it had. to be fulfilled', even though it meant 
sacrificing his only child* 

"The lesson here is very clear. One must realize 
that .vows made with God/are binding. Once one. has pro- 
mised to serve the Lord and forsake sin he is held to . 
this promise and cannot go back on' it, even as Jephthah 
had to fulfill his promise/ irj promising to serve the' 
Lord we promise to serve Him and Him alone , for ',&$ we'-, = 
read in Matthew 6?24, . n No man can serve two masters: 
for either he will hate the one, 'and love the other; 
or else he will hold to the one ? and despise the other.. 
Ye cannot serve God and mammon." 

-Glen Shirk . . 
Berkeley, California 

If we really beleive that we have a Father in Heaven 
who .loves and cares for. us, that nothing can happen to 
us without His permission, .and that all His will for 
us is good will, how can we be discouraged? 

, . Selected by Martha Cover ■ 

16 '■■-: .'.■:-,'-:-■ ■■ « .v.; THE' ...BILORJM. 

..wds "!■. Vr.r CHILDREN'S. PAGE '"'.'. : " //'*'; ' r ' 1 "'' 
,J . : ' ! EASTER: "THE" DAT JESUS AROSE' ■•■■ ■:•*:•:■ 

Children, how many of :ydu know what Easter means?. 
Do we think, of Easter as .'a "time when we hunt for Easter 
eggs and have "special. 1 ' candy 'aM -have time off from 
school? \ This happens at our Easter riow. But the real 
reason for Easter 1 is found in the Bible in St.. John,, 
chapter 20. ■•■ :V 

This was; the day many years ago when Jesus rose from 
His gr'iVe: after He had been crucified. Jesus had always 
done what was right. He had healed sick people. He had 
made people 'happy by the words* He spoke to them. But 
some of the wicked men did not like Jesus. They were 
jealous. So they planned how they could get rid of film* 
They planned very carefully to arrest :Him and have Him 
crucified; But they could not have taken Jesus if He 
would not have let them. Jesus wanted to die for us 
because He loves us, but it took all His courage because 
the wicked men were very cruel to Him. 

But after Jesus died on the cross. His friends buried 
Him in a ca% r e and put a huge stone over the door. The. 
wicked men guarded the cave . But on Easter morning 
angels rolled the huge stone away and Jesus came to 
life again. 'The guards became as dead men when they 
saw the angels. The friends of Jesus came early Easter 
morning to His grave and found that He was not there. 
But they were very glad, when they found out that Je'sus 
was alive again and when they actually saw Him and heard 
Him speak and saw Him eat. Now they could tell everyone 
that Jesus had died for their sins and that He was alive 
again to help them live right. Jesus will never have 
to die again. If we live for Him all- our lives , we too 
will be raised to immortal life because Jesus was. 

Sc this is what Easter really means. We should never 
forget that Jesus loved us enough to give His life for 

Who was the first person to see Jesus after He arose? 
(Find the answer in St. John 20:11-14.) — L.C. 


VOL. 12 MAY, 1965 NO. 5 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter '2:1*1 


When Mother prayed I precious hour 
When -God would come in mighty power i 
memory sweety . 0- hallowed place 
Where God did shine in Mother 1 s face. 

When Mother prayed! ah, then I knew 
Within my soul that God was true; 
,. I. .could no longer doubt Kis love, 
But yielded all, born from above. 

And though the years may come and go, ■' 
This heart of mine can never know- 
A sweeter time than that blest hour 
When Jesus came in saving power. -'" : - 

Though other scenes may be forgot, 
While life shall last this one cannot; 
When Mother prayed! peace divine I 
• My mother's God today is mine. 

When Mother prayed, she found sweet rest! 
When Mother prayed, her soul was blest I 
Ker heart and mind on Christ were stayed, 
And God was there when Mother prayed. 

W. J. Kirkpatrick 
Spiritual Songs and Hymns 

THE PILGRIM is a reiigious magazine published monthly in the interests of the 
members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Woif. 
Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora. Calif. 


Wait: (l) To stay until someone comes or something 
happens. (2) To care for or be obedient to. 

After the glorious dawning Resurrection morning, be- 
gan the most happy and holy interval of forty days 
when Jesus was "seen of the apostles whom he had 
chosen. " Hew our hearts thrill to read of this holy 
communicating time! We can now see how necessary this 
interval was that the apostles be fully informed of 
their mission and responsibility* 

What upbuilding when their understandings were 
opened after Jesus had breathed on them and said unto 
them, "Receive ye the Holy Ghost. w (St. John 20:22) 
For we read., "Then opened he their understanding that 
they might understand' the scripture s, And he said unto 
them, Thus it is written., and .thus it behoved Christ 
to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: 
And that repentance and remission of sins should be 
preached in his name among all nations, beginning at 
Jerusalem. And ye are witnessess of these things. 
And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: 
but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be en- 
dued with power from on high." (fit. Luke 24:45-49) 
Also: "And being* assembled together with them, com- 
manded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, 
but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith 
he 5 ye have heard of me." (Acts 1:4) 

The time of their happy communion - and walk together 
came to a close, Jesus "led them out as far as Bethany, 
and he lifted up his hands, and blessed them. And it 
came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from 
them, and carried up into heaven. And they worshipped 
him, and returned to Jerusalem with graat joy: and 
were continually in the temple, praising and blessing 


God. Amen." (St. Luke 24:50-53) 

From this time of returning to Jerusalem they 
obeyed the direction of God of waiting upon the Lord, 
wholly and fully obedient unto Him, Note that Jesus 
had breathed upon them and said, "Receive ye the Holy 
Ghost ," and also at His departing moments "lifted up 
his hands and blessed them." 

The apostles stayed together: "These all continued 
with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the 
women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his 
brethren." How fully and completely they were thus 
prepared to continue the necessary work_of selecting 
Matthias to fill the place of Judas Iscariot who fell 
from his apostleshipj In this work cf election they 
prayed, "Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all 
men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen..." 
(Acts 1:24) 

This holy work attended to, Matthias was "numbered 
with the eleven apostles." "And when the day of 
Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one ac- 
cord in one place." God fully ratified their work by 
the Holy Ghost filling ail of them, Matthias included, 
standing with the eleven apostles.' 

The twelve apostles of the Lamb (Revelation 21:14) 
are a special group: "witness with us of his resur- 
rection." (Acts 1:22) Eesides the twelve apostles 
there were other apostles: Barnabas and Paul and 
above all, "the Apostle and High Priest of our pro- 
fession,. Christ Jesus, (Hebrews 3:1) the Captain of 
our salvation, our Saviour and Redeemer., King of Kings 
and Lord of Lords. ., 

Cur time to "wait on the Lord" is now. "God has 
spoken unto us by his Son." We are to "follow in his 

When we cannot see our way, 
Let us trust and still obey; 
He who bids us onward go, 
Cannot fail the way to show! 

Ever y Christia n should desir e to wait until He 
s peaks — then to be obedient to His word . Jesus says, 
"My sheep hear my voice, and I know them and they 


follow ike." Until this follow-up and fellowship be- 
comes "a delightful service , we. can not "rejoice with .. 
joy unspeakable and full -of glory! n 

Should we all the time be discouraged , weary y plod- 
ding pilgrims? No,. -let us take heart and join in -with 
overcomers and say,, n I can do all things through Christ 
which strengthened me , " Thank God' and take courage. 

(Acts 28:15) 

"Wait on the Lord, be of good courage , and he shall 
strengthen thy heart: wait I say on the Lord. 1 ' "But 
they that wait upon the Lcrd shall renew their 
strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles: 
they* shall run ,.. and. not tje weary , they shall walk and. 
not faint.*' n For we through the Spirit wait for the ' 
hope of righteousness by, faith.". "Let your loins be- 
girded about, and your, lights burning; and ye your- 
selves like unto men that wait for their Lord." 
(Luke 12:35} 

Wait for our Lord that we may wait on the Lord 


Wait on the Lord. He calls for you 
To follow Him along the way, 

To all His loving words be true. 
This way leads up to per feet; day. 

Wait on the Lord. Without a guide 
You may be lost in darkest night., 

For when we travel by His jside, ;■ ■•■ 
We journey by a shining flight. 

Wait on the Lord. Take up thy cross. 

His shining footsteps lead us on, 
That we may count all things. but loss, 

Be stepping where our Lord has gone. 

Wait on the Lord. Attend Him well. 

He has attended to us all. 
He vanquished all the hosts of hell _ 

That all the powers of death may fall. 


Wait on the Lord. He comes to take 
His loving ones unto His fold; 

When all the powers of nature shake , 
Then we may walk the street of gold-. 

Wait on the Lord In climes of light, 
Joining in service , worship, song. 

Gone are the shades of darkest night 
In that Illuminated throng. 

—J. I, Cover 

Sonera > California 


For the wages of sin Is death, but the gift of God 
is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. 

Often we have to wonder if we really believe this 
passage of scripture, or if we think the Lord will, 
no doubt, overlook some things at that great day. 
We read in the scriptures that God even notices the 
sparrows fall to the ground, and that even the hairs 
of our head are numbered. So we need not think that 
God will overlook even the smallest things in life. 
If we commit sins of iniquity, or if we harbor evil 
thoughts, we need not think they will go unnoticed. ■ 

Paul admonishes the Fhilippian brethren to 'work 
out their salvation. with fear and trembling. So we 
should not be too easy with ourselves, but daily ex- 
amine our lives and see what motives we "have and that 
we continually be on guard for the evil one. No doubt 
we could not commit one sin that we are not warned 
about in the scriptures. We ought then to spend much 
time in reading the scriptures and see what our duty 
is. The Word also tells us to" search the scriptures, 
for in them ye think ye have eternal life. 

In simple terms we know that sin is to go against 
God and His commandments. First of all we must accept 
His plan of redemption. If we can not do this and 
live faithful to it, we need not try to please Him 


any other way because He can not accept it. The only 
way we can come in favor with God is to accept Christ 
and truly be sorry for our sins and be baptized. 

We sometimes hear people say they have a few things 
they would like to do first , or they just are not 
ready yet to accept the Lord. We hear some parents 
say this of their children , and even hear people tell 
of things they did against God's will before they 
accepted Christ and say it did not hurt them. How 
wrong this thinking Is* Sin is never a bargain any 
time ^ any where , any way. If we commit sin and feel 
as though it did not hurt us y we still have an account 
to settle, and if we do not settle it now in this 
life, we will have an account against us when we meet 
God. Then It will take our life to settle the ac- 
count. For the wages of sin is death, but to do God's 
will Is to receive a free gift which is so valuable 
in no way could it be earned. 

— Kenneth Kartin 
Na ppane e , I nd I ana 


Gut of this life I shall never take 

Things of silver and gold I make. 

All that I cherish and hoard away, 

After I leave, on earth must stay. 

All that I gather and all that I keep, 

I must leave behind when I fall asleep. 

And I often wonder what I shall own 

In the other life when I pass along. 

What shall they find and what shall they see 

In the soul that answers the call for me? 

Shall the Great Judge learn, when my task is through, 

That my spirit has gathered some riches, too? 

Or shall at the last it be mine to find 

That all I'd worked for I'd left behind? 

— Selected by Orpha Wagner 

Triiij PILG-Klk 


, f| ,;. , by Mary Alice Holden ;■ .-": 

If we would grow in grace , let us be careful to a 
avoid certain foods. In Rosea 12:1 the writer says 
that Ephraim fed on wind. No wonder he had gas pains 
and his body was weak. Let us eat the solid meat of 
the Word, instead of the rantings of false doctrines, 
freely given out. : 

Rosea 7:8 says, "Ephraim is a cake not turned,;" 
"half-baked," we would say today «, Poor Ephraim! Ke 
was burnt on one side and raw on the other, going to 
extremes in everything. As we ,.go about getting our 
spiritual food, let us meditate' -on the word and spend 
much time In prayer. Both are necessary* Bible- study 
alone may cause us to rely on form; prayer alone makes 
us fanatical, said some one wiser than I am. We need 
a balanced diet. May we watch and pray and also do 
the things commanded in the Bible, which is the bread 
of life. 

Lest we , "drink of the wrath of the Almighty" (Job 
21:20), let us eat the bread of affliction and' true re- 
pentance (Deut. 16:3); remembering from what we. have 
been redeemed. 

In our baking let us beware ■ of the "leaven of the 
Pharisees, which is hypocrisy," lest our life be poi- 
soned and our good deeds cannot count for God, but use 
instead the leaven of the kingdom of heaven, (katthew 
13*33) M A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump." 
(I Corinthians 5:6) As children o'f God, may we be the 
leaven of our nation. Surely America is a Christian 
nation because there are a few sincere Christians' that 
make the kingdom of heaven their chief business and 
give glory to God, not because our land is full of 
nominal Christians who go to church once or twice a 
year . 

Neither should we feed on ashes of things gone past, 
but let the dead past bury their dead, (Isaiah 44:20) 
Behold the Lord has prepared better things for us. By 
His power He has made the ashes of yesterday yield the 

-THE-- "BlLGRIk: 

fruit of the seasons and the meat of His pasture. 
Let us be filled with the goodness of today fresh 
from His hand and nourished with His mercy and loving- 
kindness of this very morning. 

—Selected by D. F. Wolf 


This Book contains the Mind of God/ the way cf 
salvation,, the doom of sinners , and the happiness of 

Its doctrine is holy, its precepts are binding , its 
histories are true,, and its decisions immutable • 

"■ Read it to-be wise, believe it to be safe, practice 
it to be 

It contains light to direct you/ food to support 
you, and comfort to cheer you. 

It is the traveller's map, the pilgrim's staff, 
the pilot's compass, the soldier's sword and the 
.Christian's character. ,. , v , ,. 

Here Heaven is opened, the gates of hell disclosed. 

Christ is its subject, -our good its design, the 
glory of God its end. 

It should fill the' memory, rule the heart and 
guide the feet. 

Read it .slowly, 1 frequently, prayerfully. 

It is. -a,. mine of wealth, and a river of pleasure. 

It Is given to -you here in this life,' will be 
opened sit the Judgement and is established forever. 

It involves the highest responsibility, will reward 
the- greatest labor, and condemns all who trifle with 
its sacred contents. * - - 

. . _, ; — Selected by Stella Flora 



He ruleth by his power for ever. 
Psalm 66:7 

God moves in a mysterious way/ 
His wonders to perform; 
>: He plants. His footsteps in the sea. 
And rides upon the storm. 

Deep in unfathomable mines 

Of never-failing skill, 
He treasures up His bright designs. 

And works His. sovereign will. 

Judge not the Lord by feeble sense, 

But trust Him for His grace; 
Behind a frowning providence, 

He hides a smiling face. 

His purposes will ripen fast 5 i 
Unfolding every hour;- •' ■ \ 

The bud may have a bitter, taste , • 
But sweet will be the flower. 

Blind unbelief Is sure to err, 

And scan His work in vain; 
God Is His- own interpreter , • 

And He will make it plain, 

William Cowper, an English poet of the eighteenth 
century, wrote this majestic hymn, ' H Gbd Moves in a 
Mysterious Way. n The hymn expresses depth of feeling. 
It depicts a great God who is- present in all situations 
and defines a Christian's attitude toward Him, The 
verses are rich in contrasting words and ideas. 

The story concerning the origin of this hymn is 
unverified. Th£ elder poet seemed to have been ill 
and concluded that God would be pleased if he drowned 
in the river near his home. He ordered a cab and 


driver "to "take film" "to the 'spot.' The driver, however , 
had difficulty in locating, the place and so drove 
around. Wearied with procedure , the driver finally 
left Gowper at his own. door. 

It is believed that this episode inspired him to 
write "Conflict", as he called it. 

Many of Gowper ?s poems won high places in English 
literature . . • . , 

William Gowper, in collaboration with John Newton, 
wrote the famous "Olney -..Hymns." 

— Selected 

You can't stay up on the mountain, 
'Peter, you can't stay there. 
You saw and felt His glory 
And breathed celestial air* 
But yonder in the valley 
They need a shepherd's care. 

You can't stay up on the mount, 
Brother, you can't stay there. 
You love the blest communions. 
Naught can with them compare. 
But some have heavy burdens 
That we may help to bear. 

You can't stay up on the mount, 
Sister, you can't stay there. 
We all enjoy the preaching, 
The songs -and earnest prayer. 
But there are Christian duties 
Of which we're all aware. . 

— Guy Hcotman 


The Annual Meeting of the Old Brethren Church will 
be held, the Lord willing, on June 4, 5, and 6 at the 
Salida meeting, house, Salida, California. A -hearty 
Invitation, and.- welcome is extended to all the brethren 
and sisters -and friends to attend, — D. F. Wolf 




(This article has the same title as our last "His- 
torical" selection and was published about the same 
time. Written by Aaron Frantz, it is taken from the 
December , 1906 "Vindicator",) 

In the July number of "The Vindicator" . page 2X8 3 a 
brother asks a question and refers to some scripture; 
the first, Matthew 24;15: "When ye therefore shall 
see the abomination of desolation spoken of by Daniel 
the prophet stand in the holy place , (whoso readeth 
let him understand:) Then let them, which be in Judea 
flee into the mountains:. Let him which is on the house 
top not come down to take any thing out of his house: 
Neither let him which is in the field return back to 
take his clothes." 

In this, the 24th chapter of Matthew? s gospel, 
Christ foretells the destruction of this the second 
temple (so called) as repaired and beautified by Herod 
which, though not equal to that of Solomon was certain- 
ly a very grand and splendid building; and must have 
appeared the more so to the apostles who. being chiefly 
fishermen of Judea, had probably not at this time seen 
any of the elegant buildings of Greece or Rome.. Go 
solid and durable also appeared the materials of which 
it was formed that when their Master spake of Its over- 
throw they immediately connected it with the end* of the 
world and with the day of Judgment. Our Lord, there- 
fore, in the manner of the double prophecies of the 
Jews, connects these events in the following discourse 
making one figurative of the other. 

"To begin with the destruction of Jerusalem," says 
Thomas Williams, "Bishop Newton has shown the most 
striking correspondence between the several predictions 
and the corresponding events- as related by Josephus; 
and a series of many surprising coincidences is perhaps 


unparalleled in the history of prophecy and of the 
world; " Jd'sephus, it should be remembered, was contem- 
porary with the events and saw what he describes, nor 
is he opposed by any conflicting evidence but on the 
contrary is confirmed by Tacitus and other Pagan 
writers." ■■■■.. 

"In the preceding chapter/' says Thomas Williams, 
"we find Jesus in the temple, reproving the, -Pharisees 
for' their hypocrisy and other crimes. VMow he had left 
the temple and was seated opposite to it on the mpunt 
of Olives, when his disciples,, having withdrawn from 
the multitude , came privately to inquire of him, "When 
shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of 
thy coming and of the end of the world? "It is of im- 
portance to observe here/ 1 as Dr. Pye Smith remarks , "that 
this Is the language of the disciples and not of Jesus; 
and it must therefore be interpreted In accord with 
what we have reason to believe was the then present 
state of their knowledge. The disciples view r ed the 
coming of Christ and the end of the world as @ve ( nts . 
nearly related and which would indisputably -take place- 
together. The occasion upon which they proposed their 
question was our Lord's assuring them of the ruin of 
the magnificent .building which they were admiring; one 
of the principal subjects of their national pride and 
boasting." "From their very childhood," says Calvin, 
"they imagined that the temple would stand to the end 
of time, and this notion was so deeply fixed in their 
minds that they regarded it as impossible for the tem- 
ple to be overthrown while the- structure of the universe 
remained.. As soon, therefore, as Christ told them that 
the temple would be destroyed, their thoughts instantly 
ran to the consummation of all things. Thus they con- 
nect with the destruction, of the temple, as things in- 
separable, the coming of Christ and the. end of the 
world. A fond hope which they had conceived without 
any authority that the final perfection of the reign 
of Christ was very near and actually present led them 
to indulge in the extravagant expection of springing 
all at once into happiness," 

"Our Lord f s answer, however/' says Williams, "so far 


from confirming this prejudice goes in some measure. to 
rectify this mistake by informing his, disciples of a 
great variety: .of calamitous events which must intervene > 
of which we shall now take a brief review, interpreting 
them by the history of Josephus who it' should be remem- 
bered Christian though he seems to have' been ; 
half convinced, " " • •-■ . -,. v , 

The first sign to precede these events was that- of ■ 
false Christs-or pretenders to the character of Messiah. 
Josephus mentions many of which the following are ex- 
pressly noticed in the Acts of the Apostles: Theudas, 
Judas of Galilee , Simon Magus and the Egyptian impostor. 
Second: Josephus T History is full of u wa!rs and rumcrs. 
of wars ♦ » - ■ . Third: M Famines , " particularly- one mentioned 
by St. Luke. (Acts 11:28); also by Josephus and- Sueton- 
ius. "Earthquakes in divers places/' as in Crete, 
Smyrna, Miletus and various other 'places as mentioned- 
by Jewish and Roman historians/ Fourth: "Fearful 
sights and great signs." Josephus mentions among other 
sights a comet in the form of a sword, hanging for a 
long time over Jerusalem, and armies fighting in the air. 
One night the massy brazen gate at the east side of the 
temple opened of its own accord, and at another time a 
voice was heard at midnight* from the inner temple say- 
ing, ."Let -. us go hence." And above alL, most unaccount- 
able was the conduct of one ,Jesus, supposed to be an 
idiot or insane, who for several years before the capi- 
ture of the city-, went about exclaiming, "Woe to the- 
city /woe to the people and woe to the temple,"' and ■ 
could- -by no means be silenced. At length,' the last' 
time of repeating these words he added, "Woe to my^ ; 
self," and , was immediately killed as it : were by acci- 
dent. Fifths- Persecution. for Christ's sake Is another 
sign here mentioned and which the Apostles experienced 
both from the Jews and Gentiles more or less in all 
countries to which they carried the gospel which indeed 
before the destruction of Jerusalem extended to the 
Roman empire and to the then known world. Sixth: Cur 
Lord then admonishes his- followers 1 to leave Jerusalem 
and flee for their lives immediately as they "see the 
abomination of desolation spoken of by Daniel the pro- 


phet," erected in "the holy place.' 1 

This seems evidently to refer to ..the. eagles on the 

■Roman" "standards " which were planted on the walls of the 
city ' and . eventually, as Josephus informs us, -within 
the temple itself. And not only were these standards 
worshipped and sworn by, but idolatrous images also 
were often' introduced. The appearance of these was the 
appointed' 'signal 'fox 1 flight to within the walls, 
and that flight was to be so sudden as not to allow 
them to return home if they were absent or even to re- 
turn" within their houses to take aught from thence — 
only to flee over their terraced roofs till they 

"reached the walls and escaped without. This many did 
and' particularly the Christians who escaped, some to 
Mount Libahus and others to Pella, a small town beyond 

: Jordan in the territory of Agrippa, .insomuch that it is 
not known that any Christians perished in the final 
destruction of the city. 

•To the Jews, however, this was the most calamitous 
event that they ever experienced; indeed the history 
of Josephus perfectly agrees with the- prediction of our 
Lord who says, "Then shall be great tribulation, such 
as was not since the beginning of the world to this 

-time; no nor ever shall be." Josephus reckons that 
1,100,000 Jews perished in Jerusalem, and above 250,000 
in other parts of Judea besides 97,000 captives and 
innumerable others who perished by starvation and other 

''means-. 'And he sums up all by saying in remarkable con- 
formity to our Saviour 1 s words; "If the mi.sfort.unes of 
all, from the beginning of the world, were compared 
with those of the Jews, they would appear much inferior 
upon -comparison." 

—Selected by D. F. Wolf 

; Prayer is the agency to move the arm of God. 'Prayer 
frill open the treasuries of the skies. Prayer — the ef- 
fectual prayer — will bring the answer in advance, and 
then we can stand still and see the marvelous workings 
of Gbd : , who has a good deal more to give than most 
folks' are getting. Evangel Herald 

; Selected by Martha Cover 



Recently we learned about Jesus healing a man of 
the palsy and forgiving his sins* After fie left the. 
house where this happened, He passed by the place 
where: taxes were collected. The men who collected the 
money or tax were called " publicans 11 . They were hated 
by their countrymen because they, were Jews but yet 
collected money from their own people to give to the 
Roman government. They were regarded as, traitors. 
Eut as Jesus passed by this place where the, publicans 
worked ., He saw one whose name was Levi. Jesus said ; 
to Levi., "Follow me." And the Bible says that Levi' 
left all j rose up, and follo\^ed Him. He became Jesus' 
disciple. - 

How Levi had a house of his own. He made a great 
feast for his new Master. He invited many of his '.. t '. 
publican friends and others, too. The proud scribes "" 
and Pharisees noticed this and began again to criticize 
Jesus. .. They asked Him, "Why do ye eat and drink with 
publicans and sinners?" But Jesus answered them, "They 
that are whole (or well) need not a physician; but they 
that are sick. I came not to call the righteous , : but. 
sinners tc repentence." 

Jesus came to call men like Levi and all of us. to 
repentence. Many of the proud Jews would scorn to 
associate with publicans. But Jesus called one to, be 
His disciple. No doubt Levi was sorry for his sins, 
but he did the right thing to leave. all and follow 
Jesus. He also invited his . friends to the feast so 
they too could know and follow Him. 

Children, we can all decide now that; we want to 
follow Jesus the way Levi did. When we follow Jesus, 
He wants us to leave all that would keep us from serv- 
ing well. And He wants us to invite our friends, too. 

This same Levi was also called Matthew. He. was one 
of the twelve apostles', and he wrote the book of 
Matthew, the first book of the New Testament. 

Read about Levi In Luke 5:27-32 and Matthew 9:9, 

— L.C. 

. THE. . ; PILGRIM ' 


Mary ? the sister of Martha and Lacaru-s, was one of 
the devoted women who played an important part in Jesus* 
life while He was here on earth. After Jesus -had fin- 
ished His teaching at the Kourit of Olives He told His 
disciples' that He would be betrayed and crucified after 
two days at the feast of the passover. While Jesus was 
in Bethany at the' house of Simon the' leper, Mary took 
an alabaster box of very precious ointment and poured" 
it oh .His 'head as He sat at meat', ' When His disciples 
complained about the waste of the ointment and how it 
could have been scld" : and given to the' poor, Jesus "said , 
"Why trouble ye the *woman? : for she' hath wrought- a good 
word upon me. For ye have the poor always with you, 
but 'me ye 'have not always. For In that she hath poured 
this ointment on my -body, she did it for my burial. •■ ■< 
Verily. I say unto you, -Wheresoever this gospel shall be 
preached in the whole world, there shall this, that this 
woman hath done be told for a memorial of her." (Matthew 
2-6:6-13 also Mark 14:?-?} While Matthew and Mark do not 
say what the" woman's name was, John records it as being 
Mary, the sister of Lazarus and Martha. (John 11 r2 
also John 12:3} John records Mary anointing the feet cf 
of Jesus and wiping them with her hair, truly an act of 
love and devotions It seeded that she alone believed 
Jesus when He said He was going to die. 

In Luke 10:38-42 we have the account of Jesus being 
in the home of Martha. Her sister Mary sat at Jesus 1 ' 
feet' and heard- : His word. Martha was cumbered about 
much serving and came to Jesus and said, "Lord, dost 
thou n'ot care that my sister hath left me to serve 
alone? bid her therefore that she help me/ 1 Jesus' 
answer came, '-'Martha, Martha, thou art careful and 
troubled about many things: But one thing is needful 
and Mary hath -chosen thai good part, which shall not be 
taken away from her. ..-;.. 

Let us be like Mary and hear the words of Jesus and 
believe. : : -, : . . .—Joseph L. Cover 
• < Sonora, California 


VOL. 12 JUNE, 1965 NO. 6 

n Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2:11 


Spirit so holy. Spirit of love, 

Spirit so gentle, sent from above; 
Priceless possession, purchase of 'blood, 
Good beyond measure, Gift of our Lord. 

Spirit of wisdom. Spirit of light, 

Spirit of knowledge, showing the right; 

Guide us and teach us, fully to know 
All that in Jesus God would bestow. 

Spirit so humble, Spirit so meek, 
Spirit so kindly, helping the weak;' 

Work in and through us, make us to be 
Lowly and loving, yielding to Thee;; 

Spirit of power, Spirit of God, 

Spirit of burning, work through Thy Word';' 
Search us and sift us, spare not the dross., 

Show us that self life ends at the cross. 

by D. W. Whittle 

Selected from "Life Songs" 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magaiine published monthly in the interests of the 
members of Ths Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Coyer; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 
Address: THjE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora. Calif. 


"It is not for you to know the times or the seasons 
which the Father hath put in his own power. But ye 
shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come 
upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in 
Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto 
the uttermost part of the earth/* (Acts 1:7,8) 

These are the last recorded words of Jesus before 
He ascended. He also blessed His disciples "and as he 
blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up 
into heaven." No wonder they worshipped Him and stood 
gazing after Him even after the cloud received Him out 
of their sight I No wonder they returned to Jerusalem 
with great joy and were continually in the temple, 
praising and blessing God. No wonder they continued 
with one accord in prayer and supplication. These men 
had a mission to fulfill. But first they must tarry 
in Jerusalem until they were given the power to fulfill 

I wish we could grasp the importance and the great- 
ness of this time. Jesus 1 ministry as a man on earth 
was over. The great price was paid and the victory was 
won. Satan was overcome and cast out, but his time on 
earth was not over yet a Some of his greatest battles 
against God's kingdom were still to come. Jesus 1 dis- 
ciples had inquired about this kingdom, "Lord, wilt 
thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel?" 
Though the disciples were still somewhat mistaken as to 
the character of His kingdom, the Lord did not say that 
this would never be done. Surely there will be a true 
King of Israel when Jesus will reign as King of kings. 
He is the only one who is worthy to reign, and He will 
certainly be a King over Israel and the whole world. 
But His answer shows that it is not for them or us to 


know just when , for the Father has put this in His '"'t>wn 
power/But these disciples, too, were to receive power- 
power to witness and carry on the -cause of the Lord— to 
spread His kingdom. ■*■ ■ : ■ 

The commission given to this group of disciples led 
by the twelve was enormous. They must have realized 
their inability to carry this out without extra power 1 
as their continuation in prayer and supplication would 
Indicate » But the promise of Jesus was fulfilled and 
their prayers were answered when they received the bap- 
tism of the Holy Ghost on the day of- Pentecost. After 
that ^ we can see the' effect of the new power in their 
lives, their wondering about the times, their quarrels 
about who would be greatest, 'their times of forsaking 
their Lord were all over. Now they turned to their 
task as witnesses with true purpose and real power. 
Now Peter could speak with certainty about the fulfill- 
ing of the ' prophecy of Joel which said that God would 
pour out His Spirit upon all flesh. He could charge 
the changeable crowd that, "Jesus of Nazareth, a man'-, 
approved of God among you... ye have taken, and by - 
wicked, hands have crucified and slain." He could call 
them to repent and be baptised and assure them 'that -the 
promise of the Holy Ghost and His power was unto them 
and to their children and- to all, even as many as God: 
would call, flow the disciples could endure calmly the 
persecution that .the Lord had told them wa's sure to 
come. They could even rejoice that they were accounted 
worthy to suffer for the cause of Christ. 

These were the witnesses — the eye-witnesses of the 
ministry, death and resurrection of the Lord. Their 
message was simple but -it was given with power. They 
could say "We were there." '"We saw Him." "Our hands 
have handled the Word of Life*" There could be no 
doubt in their hearts since the Holy Ghost had come and 
given them the power to witness and work for the Lord. 
Now Peter and John could answer Annas, Caiaphas and 
their kindred, (Acts 4r20) "For we cannot but spe'ak the 
things which we have seen and heard." 

The work of the disciples of Jesus of that time is 
over now. The story of their work is on record. But 

4 - --...- . THE PILGRIM 

God' 1 s woirk on earth is not over.- It will go forward 
just as He promised , "and the gates" of hell shall not 
prevail against it. But just as the Lord used His dis- 
ciples then to witness for Him, even so He wants to" : 
work through His people now. The scripture "Ye shall 
be witnesses unto me ♦.."still applies today. We have 
the same power available: the promise of the Holy 
Ghost is unto us. 

Let us remember that the work we are called -to carry 
on is not our own. We have just a small part In the 
great work of the Lord. Jesus said, (John 4:38} "I 
sent you to reap that whereon ye bestowed no labour: 
other men laboured , and ye are entered into their la- 
bours.' 1 I like the prayer of the disciples soon after 
Pentacost when Peter and John were threatened and com- 
manded not to teach in the name of Jesus. The record 
says j "They lifted up their voice to God with one ac- 
cord, arid said. Lord; thou art God, which hast made 
heaven, arid earth, and the sea, and all that in them ; - 
is... And now, Lord, behold -their threatenings: 'and 
grant unto thy servants, that with all boldness they' ; " 
may speak' thy word, "By stretching forth thine hand to 
heal; and that signs and wonders may be done by the 
name of thy holy child- Jesus. 1 ' They knew that the 
power for the work must come from above. 

After this prayer by this devoUt assembly, the record 
says, "The place was shaken where 'they were assembled 
together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, 
and they spake the word of God with boldness. And the 
multitude of them that believed* were of one heart and 
of one. soul; neither said any of them that ought of the 
things which he possessed was his own; but they had all 
things common. And with great power gave the apostles 
witness of the Lord Jesus: and great grace was upon ' 
them all, (Acts 4:31-33) Here is an example of yielded 
men arid women, the supplying of the power of the Holy 
Ghost, and the resulting witness, preaching of the word 
and. great grace from God. 

It is easy to get sidetracked into the same sort of 
error these disciples were in before they received the 
power of the Holy Ghost. We can dispute about who will 


be the greatest. Vie can begin to.. wonder about "times 
and seasons". But let us receive the power of the Holy 
Ghost and get into the work of the .Lord. We can be .wit- 
nesses, perhaps not eye-witnesses, but witnesses of * 

what the Lord has done for us. We know. that the Word 
of God is true, so we can bear witness, to the truth. 

.Many do not believe that the Bible is God* s 'Word. \_ 
One large group of Christian professing people are "now 
taking measures to change their traditional confession 
upholding the truth and inspiration of God's Word. 
Under the new confession, if it is adopted,, the Bible.., 
will' be represented as u the words of men,, conditioned ' 
by the language, thought forms and literary fashions 
of the places and times at which they were written.-'. . ' ; 
As reported in "Newsweek" , this new confession also"' ... 
holds that Biblical texts "reflect views of life,,' his-, 
tory and the cosmos which were then current, and the 
understanding of them requires literary and historical 
scholarship." This is only one example of the . decep- : '.'. 
tlon that we must encounter today. ; .... ..", 

Besides active resistance to the attacks of Satan, 
the present witness of God's people must include posl^ 
tive assaults against the strongholds, of ignorance . and 
unbelief. Through the. inspiration of the Spirit, we 
can have power to preach the. Gospel and trust the Lord 
to "add to the Church such as should be saved." In 
this country we are in the "uttermost part of the earth" 
from Jerusalem. We should be so thankful that the wit- 
ness has been carried this far. And as long as there, 
are unbelievers in the world, there will be a need for, 
this witness to continue. 

The commission given to God*s people is enormous to- 
day. But God is able to supply the power if His people 
are willing. "Greater is He that is in you, than he 
that is in the world." — L.C. 

Then saith he unto his disciples, The harvest truly 
is plenteous, but the labourers are few; Pray ye there- 
fore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth 
labourers into his harvest. (Matthew 9:37,38) 


. f ..... .;:. .■ : . DOES LAUGHTER RING TRUE? 

Today there are many artificial means used to cause 
people to laugh* Clowns at circuses invite laughter; 
comedians on radio and television tease people into 
laughter. Actors and actresses will actually make fools 
put of themselves to bring a smile to someone's face. 

Apparently the commercial world sees a need to cheer 
up men, women, and children. Comedians can make people 
laugh on the outside, hut, they cannot make people laugh 
on the inside. 

When one hears" the message of the Gospel and responds 
to it by accepting the Lord Jesus Christ as his Saviour 
from sin, joy bubbles up from the inside. When a 
Christian has tests, trials, and disappointments, joy 
is the stamp indelibly impressed on his outlook. Any- 
one can have a form of joy when everything is going 
his way, but only those who have given the Lord com- 
plete control of their lives have joy when the going 
is contrary to everything normal and calm. 

' Joy looks upon the uninvited and normally unpleasant 
things in life as ordered of the Lord. The Christian's 
outlook cannot help but be joyful when he is aware that 
the Lord is controlling his life. However, joy fades 
when one takes the controlling of his life in his own 
hands. We cannot have joy and be concerned about 
planning or worrying over each' event of our lives. 
Joy spontaneously flows when we commit our way into 
the hands of the Lord and let Him lead and direct day 
by day. Our only concern should be to listen to His 
orders and obey him. " 

When the heart is full of joy, It doesn't necessari- 
ly mean the mouth is. opened in constant laughter. Joy 
Is deeper than the mouth, but God's joy in the heart 
will change the appearance of the countenance. Joy 
will radiate from the face without the mouth being 
opened in conspicuous laughter.-. ■ 

"The. God. .of hope fill you with all joy and peace in 
believing 11 — believing in Christ; believing in- God' s 
will and way; believing in His Word; believing the Holy 
Spirit; believing God when no one believes you. (Romans 


15:13)' Yield to God in every part of your life and 
be filled with joy I 

— Beryl Musselman 

Selected from "Evangel Herald 11 


I live for those who love me^ 
Whose hearts are kind and true] 

For the Heaven that smiles above me, 
And awaits my spirit too; 

For all human ties that bind m& $ 
:For the task my. God assigned me, 

For the bright hopes left behind me, 
And the good that I can do. 

I live to learn their story, 

Who suffered for my sake; 
To emulate their glory 

And follow In their wake; 
Bards, patriots^ martyrs, sages, 

The noble of all ages, 
Whose deeds crown history* s pages, 

And time's great volume make. 

I live to hail that season, 

By gifted minds foretold, 
When man shall live by reason, 

And not alone by gold; 
When man to man united, 

And every wrong thing righted, 
The whole world shall be lighted 

As Eden was of old. 

I live for those who love me, 

For those who know me true; 
For the Heaven that smiles above me, 

And awaits my spirit, too; 
For the cause that needs assistance, 

For the wrongs that need resistance. 
For the future in the distance, 

And the good that .1 can do. 

—Selected "by a. friend 



MOHLER— MAZIE ELLEN, daughter of Elder Amos Hyre and 
Mary (Denlinger) Hyre, was born on a farm in Montgomery 
County, Ohio — where she spent the greater part of her 
life — on November 6, 1881, and crossed over the mystical 
river on April 28, 1965, at the age of 83 years, 5 months 
and 22 days. At the age of 13 she was baptized bj Elder 
Henry Filbrun upon her confession of faith in Jesus 
Christ as her Savior. 

She was joined in marriage with David Mohler on June 
10, 1902, which union was terminated by death just short 
of 63 years duration. Surviving are her aged husband; 
one daughter, Miriam Hansen, Dayton; two sons, Hubert, 
Troy; and Horace, Trotwood; one sister, Orpha M. Hyre; 
five grandchildren; one great-grandchild; a number of 
nieces and nephews; and many friends. 

She was keenly interested in Christian music, and 
took pleasure in singing hymns and songs. She was very 
fond of flowers and other growing things. She was alert 
to the affairs of the Christian Church and community, 
and shared office for many years with her husband in the 
ministry of the Word of life. It was her belief that 
her Lord was pre-eminent, and that her footsteps were 
ordered by Him, even though at times through weary ways. 

Within the last year she was a hospital patient three 
times, and endeared herself to her ro ornate s, nurses and 
doctors. A victim of cancer, she bore quietly the de- 
terioration of health, and passed into that other world 
after seemingly being blessed by the reading of Romans 
8:18-39 and bedside prayer. Decease took place In Good 
Samaritan Hospital, Dayton, as the city clocks were 
sounding the hour of noon. She had expressed a desire 
to go "home" . 

Private services for the enfeebled husband were con- 
ducted on the morning of May 1 at the. Rogers Funeral 
Home, Trotwood, by Elders J. William Killer and Paul 
Clark. Public services in the afternoon of the same day 
were held- adjacent to the burying site in the house of 
the Brethren in Christ, Englewood, by Elders Paul Clark, 
Floyd W r agoner and Lon Karns. 'Text in both services was 
the passage cited above. Hymns used were numbers 456 
and 494. Thus with this first break in the immediate cir- 
cle, our interests are so much the more upon that "city 
which hath foundations." — The Family 




/ by J. W. Southwocd 


'What was more anciently called "the land of Shinar" 

was later called n the : land of Chaldea n or "the land 
of Chaldeans. 11 Its capital was the great and. noted 
city Babylon. From what we can learn it was*' built on 
both sides of the Euphrates river; the two divisions 
connected by a bridge which was over three thousand 
feet long, and thirty feet wide. It was also connected 
by a tunnel which was constructed under the river. 
One historian says the city was surrounded by a wall 
fifty-six miles long, eighty- five feet broad, and three 
hundred and thirty-seven ana one half feet high. 
Another says it was nearly forty-two miles, long, sixty 
feet broad, and three. hundred feet high. Still others 
give figures somewhat varying from these. As there 
seems to have been a double line of walls 3 the proba- 
bility is that some refer to the inner. s„nc, some to the 
outer walls, Josephus auotes Berosus^ the Chaldean 
historian as claiming three wails. (See Josephus 
Against Apion, Book 1, verse 19.) The wall was said 
to contain two hundred and fifty towers. 

Speaking of this city, the prophet Jeremiah cays, 
w Though Babylon should mount up. to heaven., and though 
she should fortify the height of her strength, yet 
from me shall spoilers come unto her, saith the Lord. 11 
Again, "Thus saith the Lord of hosts; The broad walls 
t of Babylon shall be utterly broken, and her high gates 

l shall be burned with fire'. " (Jeremiah 51:53,58) 

Babylon readied its greatest height of grandeur and 
fortified strength during the reign of King Uebuchad- 
nezzar. Within its wall were the king's palaces,, 
parks, orchards, and the renowned "hanging gardens." 
This great city with all its grandeur and beauty was 


called ''the beauty of the Chaldee's excellency." 
(Isaiah 13:19) This beauty and grandeur seems to have 
caused them to become proud, (see Jeremiah 50:31*32) 
and covetous (Jeremiah 51:13) and to strive against 
the Lord, (Jeremiah 50:24) .. They became also the 
"vengence of the Lord 11 and his temple. This caused 
the Lord to purpose a punishment of destruction of 
this great city, that it should nevermore be Inhabited. 
As there is so much' prophecy bearing upon this subject 
I will kindly ask the reader to first read Isaiah, 13: 
17-22, 14:22", 23, and 21:9- When Isaiah sent forth 
this prediction, Babylon was a -flourishing city as 
this was over seven hundred years before Christ. And 
so the city continued for more than a hundred years, 
growing more and still more prosperous. But neverthe- 
less, Jeremiah comes forth with still more lengthy 
prophesies against this great city. Please read chap- 
ters 50 and 51 of Jeremiah. After Jeremiah sent forth, 
his predictions the city remained for perhaps more 
than a quatrter of a century, perhaps more that one 
hundred and fifty years after Isaiah's prophecy before 
the city was taken by the united forces of the Medes 
and Persians under the leadership of Gyrus the first, 
King of Persia about 538 B.C. During the reign of 
Darius Hystaspes, the third from Cyrus, Babylon revolt- 
ed, but after a twenty month's siege it was again sub- 
dued. After this king's death Babylon began to de- 
cline but still continued under the rule of ten more 
Persian kings till 330 B.C. when Alexander the- Great, 
the twentieth king, of Macedon captured the city. From 
that time it declined more rapidly until the fifth 
century after" Christ when it became uninhabited and a 
desolate ruin. as I shall more fully describe as I 
proceed. ' 

Mo re. that a hundred years before Gyrus was born- the 
prophet Isaiah comes forth prophetically and names . ■ ■ 
Cyrus and states how the two-leafed gates shall open 
before him. It reads, T1 Thus saith the Lord to his. . 
anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden^ 
to subdue nations before him; and I will, loose ; the . i; 
loins of kings, to open before him the two-leafed, v ; ; 


gates; and the gates shall not be shut; I "will go be— 
fore thee j and make the crooked places straight; ; I -. 
will break 'in pieces the gates of brass, and cut- ; -,; 
asunder the bars of iron. And I will give thee the 
treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of - secret: ■< 
places, that rthou mayst know that I, the Lord,' which 
call thee by thy name, am the God of Israel, . (Isaiah. - 
45:1-3) And in Isaiah 44:27. we read, "I will dry up 
thy rivers .. ,? ■ . - •• 

When Cyrus the Great besieged the city, he dried, t^p 
the Euphrates river which ran through the city by ; . : ... 
turning the water irito an artificial lake, so it is 
stated. . He then divided his army Into two parts and 
marched .one part into the city at the .ingress and the 
other at the egress of. the river and found n the two- 
leafed gates 11 leading , from the . river into , the city, - 
left open through neglect, so he marched "into the city 
breaking the "gates of brass , " and cutting the. "bars 
of iron," and thus got possession of the "treasures . j 
of darkness, and hidden -riches of secret places.^" :; , 

"The Lord hath raised up the kings of the Me'des^ 1 -.- 
(Jeremiah ;:51:ll) "So up.O Elim, . (changed to Persia'}. . 
besiege Media." (Isaiah 21:2) It was also prophe- 
sied that these nations should be aided by others. 
"Fr&pare against her the nations with the kings of the 
Medea." (Jeremiah 51:28) "I will cause to go against 
Babylon an assembly of great nations from .the north,- 
country." . - 

While it was prophesied that Babylon. should be : ; 
taken by the Medes and Persians under Cyrus as already 
stated, it was also predicted that they were to .be -, \ 
assisted by.natiqns from the- north as. above quoted. 
The Armenians, Phyganls, Lydians, and Capidocians a#§. 
all expressly mentioned, and so fulfills this part of 
this prophecy, 

"The mighty men of Babylon have forborne to fight';/ 
they have remained in their holds; their might hath . 
failed." (Jeremiah 51:30) When Gyrus approached the 
city, they went out to battle, but were soon repulsed.: 
Then they returned and remained within during, a two . 
year siege, and were then taken as before described, 

12 ' '". THE "PILGRIM: 

and .so : fulfilled this and also another prophecy which 
reads , ft l have, laid a ■ snare for thee, and thou art 
also taken, Babylon, and thou wast not aware." 
(Jeremiah $0:24)— •; 

"Babylon. is suddenly fallen," (Jeremiah 51:8) n 0ne 
post shall, run to meet another, and... one messenger to 
meet another, to show the king of -Babylon that his 
city is taken at one end." (Jeremiah 51-30) The city 
was.- so suddenly, taken while they, were feasting that 
those- at the farther end or even those in the center 
knew, nothing of it till apprised of it as predicted. 

"In their heat will I make their feasts, and I will 
make them drunken, , that they may rejoice and sleep a 
perpetual sleep, and not wake, : saith the Lord." (Jer- 
emiah 51: 39* See also Daniel .5J It seems that Gyrus 
wag aware of this condition, and so took advantage of, 
the opportunity offered. , : 

"In, one day two things, loss of children, and. widow- 
hood shall come upon them." ( Isaiah- 47:9} About eight- 
een years after the city was taken by Cyrus, and while 
under the rule of Darius Hystaspes, as before mentioned, 
Babylon revolted, and another siege followed during 
which, in order to save their provisions, the Babylon- 
ians put to- death all their children and all their 
females- excepting one to each family.,- -See, how mi- 
nutely this prophecy was fulfilled. As of course, 
no widows were left. 

"They are cruel and will not show mercy." (Jeremiah 
.50:42) "The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly 
broken and her high gates burned with fire." -(Jeremiah 
50:. 5.8) 

■ As. soon as Darius, as named above, gained posses- 
sion-,, which was after twenty months 1 siege, he put to 
death 3^000 by c rue if let ion and broke down the greater 
part of the walls and removed the one hundred gates 
which; were of brass and melted them with fire. Notice 
how the -predictions were fulfilled. 

.'; 'The prophecy -had gone forth that Babylon should be 
ruined, uninhabited, a desolate heap of ruins. "Cast 
her up- as- heaps, and destroy her utterly." (Jeremiah 
51:37) One traveler says, "Vast heaps constitute all 


that now remains of ancient Babylon. 11 Another says, 
"The ruins consist of mounds of earth, formed of the 
decomposition of buildings." : Even the infidel Volney 
says, "Nothing is left of Babylon but heaps of earth." 

"I will also make ■' it a- possession for the bittern, 
and, pools of water." (Isaiah 14:23) One writer says, 
"For a long time after the subsiding of the Euphrates, 
large deposits of water are^ left stagnant in the hol- 
lows between the ruins. n " ' * 

"It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be 
dwelt in from generation to generation." (Isaiah 13:20) 
History informs us that Babylon has been in this ruined 
condition, uninhabited by man for about fourteen hun- 
dred years and that its condition utterly precludes its 
ever again being inhabited. 

"Neither shall the Arabian pitch tents there." 
(Isaiah 13:20) "The dread of wild beasts" and "the 
superstitious fear of ghosts" prevent the Arabs from 
camping among Its ruins." 

"Neither shall the shepherds make their folds there." 
(Isaiah 13:20) This spot whlch ; was once , fertile, now 
contains no pasture for flocks./. .This, 'together with 
the wild beasts deter the shepherds from , folding their 
flocks there. 

"But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and 
their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and 
owls shall dwell there." (Isaiah 13:21) 'Travelers who 
have visited these ruins tell us they are inhabited by 
lions, wolves, hyenas, jackals, wild hogs, porcupines, 
owls, bats, etc. 

"It shall be desplate; every one that goeth by 
Babylon shall be astonished." (Jeremiah 50:13) When 
Volney visited the site he exclaimed, "0 ye solitary 
ruins t" Keppel said, "A more complete picture of 
desolation could not well be imagined." MIgnan says, 
"I cannot portray the overpowered sensations of rever- 
ential awe that possessed my mind while contemplating 
the extent and magnitude of ruin and devastation on 
every side." 

Skeptics, why doubt? Infidels, why disbelieve in 
the revelation of a God? Atheists, why deny the exist- 


..e.Dce...o£ a God? When:.. such wonderful predictions- that 
w§re uttered hundreds of years before and were and 
are- still, fulfilled. It is an undeniable evidence of 
the; truthfulness of this .prophecy and its fulfillment. 
"Babylon that walked in pride , now sleeps a shape- 
less jrain.. 1 - 1 ; ■ .; 

, .,, ... •;;••• : .j — From the January,. 1900 "Vindicator" 
","-'' ' , • • Selected by Daniel F, .Wolf 

: *■ -. -" ■- • ■ HIMN STUDY 

; ."",' . ■'■ ' ALMOST PERSUADED 

"Almost. pprsuaded ," now to believe; 
"Almost persuaded," Christ to recieve; 

Seems ■ now some soul to- say,, 
.. '.'Go, . Spirit, go Thy way, 
.. Some more convenient day 

On Thee I'll call." 

"Almost persuaded," come, come today; 

"Almost persuaded," turn not away; 

Jesus invites you here. 

Angels are lingering near, 

prayers rise from -hearts so dear, 

wanderer, come. , ( • 

"Almost persuaded," 'harvest is pastl 

"Almost persuaded," doom comes at last I . ■ ■ 
"Almost" cannot avail; 
"Almost" is but to faill 
Sad, sad, that bitter wail, 
"Almost," but lost. 

Both the words and tune of this hymn were written 
by a Mr. Bliss. ■ He was inspired to write the words 
after hearing a sermon by his friend J the Rev. Mr. 
Brundage, who had said, "Ke who is almost persuaded 
is. almost saved, but to be almost saved is to be en- 
tirely lost." This heart-stirring hymn has played an 
important role in : converting the sinner to Christ. The 


words bring out the thought that procrastination could 
be eternally disastrous ♦ 

The thought which led to the composing of these 
beautiful words of invitation and also warning is found 
in Acts 26, The Apostle Paul was brought before King 
Agrippa by Fe-stus and gave his testimony concerning his 
faith in Jesus Christ. He said, "King Agrippa, believ- 
est thou the prophets? I know that thou believest." 
Then Agrippa said unto Paul, "Almost thou persuadest 
me to be a Christian. " And Paul said, "I would to God, 
that not only thou, but also all that hear me this day, 
were both almost, and altogether such as I am, except 
these bonds. 1 ' 

Also, when Felix heard Paul reason of righteousness, 
temperance, and judgment to come, Felix trembled and 
answered, ,r Go thy way for this time; when I have a con- 
venient season, I will call for thee. n 

These scriptures portray to us the unwillingness of 
the convicted, sinful heart of man to take the essen- 
tial step and receive the Lord Jesus Christ. Oh, that 
men would repent and believe the Gospel that they might 
be saved! "For God so loved the world that he gave his 
only begotten Son that whosoever believeth in him 
should not perish but have everlasting life." — J.L.C. 


Vie wish to use this means to express our heartfelt 
appreciation to all who have so generously contributed 
to our relief due to the loss incurred In the tornado 
of April 11, 1965. We pray that the Lord will bless 
each one for their thcughtfulness. 

With sincere Christian love, 

Melvin and Marilyn Coning 
Harold and Mary Ellen Royer 

Nothing lies beyond the reach of prayer except that 
which lies outside the will of God. —Selected 


'""" "■'CHILPREN T S""PAGE " 


When Jesus started His ministry, ''many people followed 
Him and- gladly "heard the good news of salvation which He 
told them. Jesus knew from the beginning that He would 
have to leave' the world, and that the message He brought 
would have to be carried on by His followers. So one 
day He called His disciples to Him and chose or "ordained" 
twelve of them to* be Apostles. These men would be with 
Jesus and learn from Him and then be the leaders in His 
new ; Church. Let us find out who these men were. 

1. SIMON was called PETER by, Jesus. He was the lead- 
er of the twelve. "Peter" means "a stone 1 '. 

2. ANDREW was Peter's brother and fishing partner 
on the Sea of Galilee. 

3. JAMES was another fisherman. He was the first 
Apostle to be killed because of his service to Jesus. 

4. JOHN was the fourth of the fishing partners. He 
must have been a young man and was called "that disciple 
whom Jesus loved. 11 

5. PHILLIP was likely a friend of the first four 
before he was called to follow Jesus. 

' 6. 'NATHAMEL or BARTHOLOMEW was a devout Israelite 
brought to Jesus by Phillip. 

7. THOMAS was a twin. He is sometimes called "doubt- 
ing Thomas" because at first he would not believe that 
Jesus rose from the- dead. 

8. MATTHEW or. LEVI was a publican or tax collector 
before Jesus called him. 

9. JAMES 3 the son of Alphaeua was sometimes called 
"James the Less". Later., he became a leader vvith Peter. 

10. JUDAS, also called LEPAEUS or TBADAEUS was the 
brother of James the Less. 

11. SIMON the Canaanite or Simon Zelotes. 

12. JUDAS ISCARIOT was the. one who later betrayed 
Jesus. (MATTHIAS- was chosen later -to take- Judas 1 place.) 

See If you can learn and remember the names o,f these 
twelve Apostles, Find them listed , In Matthew 10:2-4, 
Mark 3:16-19, and Luke 6:14-16. — L.C. 


VOL. 12 JULY, 1965 NO. 7 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul/' 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Christ has no hands but our hands, 

To do his work today; 
He has no feet but our feet, 

To lead men in His way; 
He has no tongue but our tongues, 

To tell men how He died; 
He has no help but, our help, 

To bring them : to His side. 

We are the only Blbte 

The careless world will read; . 
We are the sinners' gospel, 

We are the scoffers 1 creed; 
We are the Lord's last message, - 

Given in deed and word* 
What if the type be crooked? 

What if the print be blurred? 

What if our hands are busy 

With other work than His? 
What if our feet are walking 

Where sinners allurement is? 
What if our tongues are speaking 

Of things His. lips would spurn?" 
How can we hope to help Him 

To hasten His return? 

By Annie Johnston Flint 
Selected by Martha' Cover 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the 
members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 
Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1(60, ^Sonora, Calif. 


Perhaps one of the greatest problems of our time is 
the one of providing an adequate supply of fresh water 
for the ever increasing demand of our rapidly expanding 
cities and industries,, In order to do this it is often 
necessary to construct enormous dams to impound rivers , 
build many miles of conduit > drill deep into the sub- 
terranean reservoirs of the earth and spend millions 
of dollars for research to discover economically fea- 
sible methods of desalting sea water. 

Water is recognized- as one of our most precious re- 
sources due to the fact that all forms of life are 
wholly dependent upon its availability in one way or 
another in order to exist. 

It is claimed that it is impossible to destroy water , 
and that since the creation, not one. drop has been lost 
from the earth , but has been used over and over again 
by plants, animals, humans and every other form of life. 
When any living thing dies, the water that is in it 
goes back into the great system and is again ready to 
be used. What a wonderful arrangement this Is, and how 
comparable to .the great system of life. The scriptures 
tell us that God has life in Himself, and that with Him 
is the fountain of life. (John 5:26, Psalms 36:9) No 
doubt Jesus astonished the people when He stood and 
cried, "If any man thirst, let him dome unto me and 
drink. He that believeth on me, .as the scripture hath 
said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living 
water." (But this spake he of the Spirit which they 
that believe on him' should receive: for the Holy Ghost 
was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet 
glorified. ) 

It is in regards to this remarkable comparison of 
the Holy Spirit to the fluid so vital to our natural 
existence that we would like to bring a few thoughts. 


.It is immediately evident that it is: equally/. neces- 
sary, for us to partake of this; spiritual water in. order 
to ;live spiritually as it is to drink -natural water for 
the -sustenance of our natural r -bodies* 

The water of life, we believe , is the- Holy Spirit 
which God has promised to give to all ■those-' who- will 
come to Him and become -His' children through : ' faith in 
the Lord Jesus Christ . and obedience to His word, 

We have a wonderful account of a conversation' be- 
tween our Lord Jesus and a woman of Samaria about this 
water in the fourth chapter of St. John.* Jesus, after 
.having asked her for <a drink of water from the well of 
Jacob to refresh Himself "as He rested from His journey, 
declared in the ensuing conversation that had she known 
the gift of God, and who it was that had asked a drink 
of her, that she would have asked of Him, and that He 
would have given her living water. She, of course, did 
not comprehend His words, but questioned Him as to how 
it would be possible for Him to do this, in view of the 
fact that He had no means by which to draw, . 

The answer was: '"Whosoever drinketh of this wator- 
shall thirst again: but whosoever drinketh of the water 
that I shall give him shall never thirst; bat the water 
that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water 
springing up into everlasting life." 

What a pleasant sight it is to see a thirsty person, 
or even an animal or bird quench his thirst.- Vie have 
experienced times when the trees and other vegetation 
suffered" for lack of. .water, and how glad, we were when, 
the refreshing rains came to revive them again and cause 
them to flourish,' 

Often times the natural things of God's creation are 
figurative of the spiritual, and we, believe this to be 
true of the subject here considered. As we all know, 
nothing can equal the thirst, quenching goodness of pure, 
cold water when we feel parched and weary physically. 
Just so, there, is nothing that can satisfy the. raging 
thirst of the .famished soul except the Holy Spirit of 
God, the "water that springeth up into everlasting life." 

Jesus assures, us that If we give so much as a cup of 
cold water to one of His little ones in the name of a 


disciple , we shall in no wise lose our reward. How 
much more wonderful and blessed it is to lead thirsty 
souls to Jesus who can give them the water of life I 

There is no problem here as to whether the supply is 
adequate. The source is eternal arid the supply unlimit- 
ed. The invitation to come and drink includes everyone 
who will believe on Jesus Christy the Son of God, 

There is no question as to the desire of the Divine 
Giver of this life sustaining water that all should 
come and drink. In the closing chapter of the Revela- 
tion/ we read: '"And the Spirit and the bride say, Come, 
And let -him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, 
let him take the water of life freely." 

— Marvin B. Crawmer 
Long Barn, California 


The natural heritage and original state of humanity 
is instinctively undone, incomplete, and none good, no 
not -one— carnal, and out of full relationship with God- 
in isolation and out of harmony with God. The two 
fundamental powers of GOOD and EVIL were in conflict 
from the very beginning of the world, and, strange as 
it may seem, evil seems to have been in the ascendency 
from the beginning to the present time, and evidently 
will be until the Almighty God will make the great 
transformation of all evil into good, of sin into 
righteousness, of the present evil world into a world 
of unblemished beauty and sublime holiness, free from 
every taint and spot, of holiness and eternal felicity. 
.In Genesis 6:5 we read, "And God saw that the wicked- 

.ness of man was great in the earth, and that every 
imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil 
continually," And because of this, the Lord brought a 
great transformation through the destruction of evil 

-through the flood. ' But soon sin revived and as the. 
transformation was imperfect, it did not endure. But 
God in the conflict with evil will not be defeated in 


His great plan of the. ages. In- the eternal realm will 
'exist the heighth of glory free from every disturbing 
factor, and the former sorrows and displeasures of earth 
will be remembered no more, - 

Can man ever reach this region of perfection by his 
own resources? Most assuredly not. But the Son of God, 
our blessed Jesus, has instituted a way by which all 
who will can find the needed transformation to fit and 
prepare them for that time when the restitution of all 
things will have come, and the glory of the Lord -will 
be revealed, and all will know Him from the least to 
the greatest, converted or unconverted. 

The simple words of Divine revelation (Romans 12} 
give the sure road to this essential change that must 
fit us for divine acceptance. "And be not conformed to 
this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of 
your mind." "If any man be in Ghrist he is a new crea- 
ture: old things are passed away; behold, all things 
are become new," What great transformation, new. desires, 
new joys, new hopes in the translation from mortality 
to immortality, from this earthly sphere to. a new heaven 
and a new earth! This is the great, transformation when 
we see no more "through a glass darkly, . but face to 
face," ' , -•■•;.«:. 

The apostle Peter exclaimed in Act-? 3 $ "Repent ye 
therefore, and 'bo converted, that your sins -may be 
blotted out, when the time of refreshing shall come ' 
from the presence of the Lord, and he shall send Jesus 
Christ, which before was preached unto you: .-. whom the 
heaven must receive until the time of RESTITUTION- of 
all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all 
his holy prophets since the world began." . Then the 
message of the angel Gabriel to Mary the mother of Jesus 
shall have "come .into full fruitage-; "Thou shalt con- 
ceive iri thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shall call 
his name JESUS. He shall be great, and shall be called 
the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give 
unto him the throne of his father David:-. -And he shall 
reign over- the house "of Jacob for ever; and of his king- 
dom there shall be no end." 

Oh 'what a transformation when the insufficiencies of 


earth will be no more, and out of the perfection of 
beauty God will shine, Jesus being King over all the 
earth 1 Then there will be no more sin, sorrow, or vex- 
ation of spirits, but endles.s felicity in His Holy . 
Presence — away from the horrors of the judgement of the 
wicked, who fail to become transformed from the kingdom 
of darkness into the kingdom of the Lord Jesus, whose 
blood on Calvary for them has been spilt in vain. Who 
would not choose to seize the precious opportunity to 
become sons and daughters of God. through. reformation 
and become heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ and 
partake pf His goodness and wonderful works to the 
children of men? 

—David A. Skiles 
Rossville , Indiana 


What is the meaning of the Christian hope in this 
life? A life after death? A tiny soul which, like a 
butterfly, flutters away above the grave -and is still 
preserved somewhere, in order to live on immortally? 
That is not the Christian hope. "1 believe in the 
resurrection of the body." Body in the Bible is qviite 
simply man — man, moreover, under the sign of sin. And 
to this man it is said, "Thou shalt rise again." 
Resurrection means not the continuation of life, but 
life's completion. n We shall be changed," (l Corinth- 
ians 1-5) does not mean that a quite different life 
begins, but that " this corruptible must put on incor- 
ruption." Then it will be manifest that "death Is 
swallowed up in victory." That which is sown in dis- 
honor and weakness will rise again in glory and power. 
The Christian hope does not lead us away from this 
life. It Is the conquest of death, not a flight into 
the Beyond. 

— Selected^ by Guy Hootman 

The joys of earth are imperfect, unsatisfying, and 
short; but the joys of Heaven are pure, perfect, satis- 
fying, and eternal. —Selected 



Going through Elgin on the way to Chicago you pass 
through eleven traffic lights. Once, and only once, did 
I hit them all green. There is a way to slow down in 
the .middle of the block and give the red time to change, 
but in normal driving you have to stop at half of them. 

One day I began to think about this time-out period. 
What do you think about when the yellow catches you at 
an intersection? There you sit for half a minute. Do 
you leave your thoughts to chance? Do you allow the 
advertisements, the pedestrians, the moving cars to 
dictate your thinking? Or do you just sit there griping 
about red lights, Itching for the moment when you can 
race the car beside you into the next block? 

I started checking on my, attitude at red lights and 
got disgusted. So I tried an experiment. I found a 
twenty-eight second poem (that r s the time on most of our 
lights) and attached it to the sun visor. When I hit a 
red light, I pulled down the visor and read this beau- 
tiful nature poem. When I finished the. light had 
changed and I drove on. Soon I had it memorized so I 
.could say it while looking around. The first line was 
"Open my eyes that I might see beauty "In every tattered 
tree." I .was amazed by the beauty of "Elgin street cor- 
ners that I discovered for the first time. My attitude 
towards red lights has changed considerably. - Sometimes 
I welcome them. I have learned to keep from watching 
the 'lights like a hawk when I am second in-line.' I let 
the other drivers concentrate on colors while I concen- 
trate' on poetry. I haven't honked at a slow-reacting 
.driver in months. After learning one poem I turned to 
.others,- and now find myself building a poetry stock pile 
which is invaluable for informal vesper occasions, 
prayer meetings and meditation. Also it's fun to 
memorize hymns that way. 

Everyone has such blank periods in the day. They may 
come while you are washing' the dishes, riding a bus or 
milking cows. Life can be immeasureably enriched by us- 
ing such odd moments as opportunities to taste of beauty 
and things spiritual. By Don Snyder in "Horizons" 



Born in 1674, in the stormy days of Nonconformity, 
Isaac Watts was the founder of modern church singing. 
Although his hymns were numerous only a few have gained 
print . 

Io spite of ill health during most of his seventy- 
five years, Watts lived in happy circumstances at the 
home of his fast friends. Sir Thomas and Lady Abney. 
And there It was that he wrote many of his hymns. 

In his early years when studying for the Nonconfor- 
mist church , Watts became tutor to the children of Sir 
John Hartopp, and throughout the years, they always 
showed a warm friendship for their former kindly and 
tolerant master* 

The young man, -Doddridge, who was also a Nonconform- 
ist minister, and afflicted, too, with poor health, 
formed a profound admiration for Isaac Watts who was 
his senior by thirty years, but with whom he had much 
In common. 

Whenever Doddridge heard a new hymn by Isaac Watts, .. 
he would write to congratulate him. Here is an extract 
from one such letter; u 0n Tuesday last I was. preaching . 
to a large assembly of plain country people at a village 
a few miles off, when after a sermon from Hebrews 6, we 
sang one of your hymns. I had the satisfaction to ob- 
serve tears in the eyes of several of the people'. 11 

Isaac Watts wrote this hymn in 1709. That Sunday 
morning h±s # congregation at Mark Lane Church 1 had been 
arrested by his earnest sermon on the. Christian, warfare 
as portrayed in the lesson for that day, I Corinthians 
16:13 > "Watch ye, stand fast in the faith, quit you- 
like men, be strong." 

No one knew better than Watts the power of song up- 
on the masses, but It was many years before joyful 
melody became the custom, in churches. 

The hymns pf Watts are as popular today as when they 
were written two hundred years ago. 


Am I a soldier of the Cross , 

A follower of the Lamb? 
And shall I fear to' own" His cause, ' ** 

Or blush to speak His Name? 

Must I be carried to the skies 
On flowery beds of ease? 

While others fought to win the prize , 
And sailed through bloody seas? 

Are there no foes for me to -face? 

Must! not stem the flood? 
Is this vile world a friend to grace , 

To help me on to God? < 

Sure I must fight if I would reign; 

Increase- my courage, Lordl 
I'll bear thertoily endure. the pain, 

Supported by Thy Word. 

Thy saints, in all this glorious war,. 

Shall, conquer, though they die; 
They view the triumph from afar, 

And seise it with their eye. 

When that illustrious day shall rise, 
And all Thine armies shine 

In robes of victory through. the skies, 
The glory shall' be Thine'. 

Selected from "Stories of Wonderful Hymns 11 by 
Kathleen Blanchard." ..' 


Not for the eyes of. meji, 
May this day's work be done, 

But unto Thee, .0 God, 

That, with the setting sun, 

My heart may know the matchless' prise 
Of sure approval in 'Thine eyes, 

— Selected : 



Will your- anchor hold In the storms -of life? 
When the clouds unfold their wings of strife? 
When the strong tides lift, and the -cables strain 

Will your anchor drift , or firm remain? 

We have an anchor that keeps the soul 
Steadfast and sure while the billows roll. 
Fastened to the Rock which cannot move, 
Grounded firm and deep in the Savior's love. 

It is safely moored; r twill, the storm withstand, 
For T tis well secured by the Savior's hand, 
And the cables passed' from His heart .to mire 
Can defy the blast through strength divine. 

It will firmly hold in the straights of fear 
When the breakers have told the reef is near. 
'Though the tempest rave and the wild, winds blow, 
Not an. angry wave shall our bark o'er flow. 

It will surely hold in the floods .of death, 
When the waters cold chill our latest breath. 
On the rising tide it can never fail 
While our hopes abide within the veil. 

When our eyes behold through the gathering night 
The, city of gold, our harbor bright, 
We shall anchor fast by the heavenly shore. .;■•. 
With the storms all past forever more. - 

By William J. Kirkpatrick Hebrews 6:18,19 
Selected by Orpha Barton 

The best of earth shall still remain, 
And Heaven 1 s eternal years shall prove 
That life and death and. joy. and pain 
Are ministers' of -love. 4 ' . '•'..'• 

■John Green-leaf Whittier 
Selected by Guy Hootman 



Beginning with this issue , we hope to publish some . 
historical material dealing with the. Reformation period 
of the Church. We will begin with biographies and 
writings of some of the prominent reformers. This is 
an interesting and important - period in the history of 
the Church. It would be rewarding for anyone who is 
interested to make it an individual study because the- 
small amount of material that we can publish in "The 
Pilgrim" will hardly do it justice. May God be' praised 
for supporting His people in a time of such trial. -Ed. 

JOHN WYCLIFFE (1320-1334) 

Though the Reformation is said to have begun in 1517 
with Martin Luther's protest, there were many before 
who taught and suffered for the same cause. One of tte 
first and most prominent of these was John Wycliffe. 
He is sometimes called n The Morning Star of the Reforma- 
tion". Not much is known of his early life, but he was 
born about 1320 near Richmond in Yorkshire, England. 
He studied and taught at Oxford University and was of 
great influence there as a doctor of theology. He is 
called the foremost schoolman of his day and the .most 
Influential preacher in England. 

On July 26, 1374, he was one sent to confer with 
Pope Gregory XI at Bruges, Belgium to settle differences 
between the English government and Rome over the ques- 
tion of church authority.. 

The church in England at this time was wealthy. 
Rich and poor were required to pay for escape from hell 
and purgatory. Much of the wealth of England was in 
control of the clergy, and it was against this situation 
that John Wycliffe began his protest. He was in favor 
of the government's taking over the wealth of the church 
and requiring the priests to return to simplicity and 
virtue. He held that only righteousness gave the church 
right to control property and wealth, and that when they 
were corrupt, they deserved to lose it, and that the 


government should be the one to bring this about. 

Wycliffe began to make his views known outside the 
university," and in 1377 , Archbishop Sudbury summoned 
him to appear before the bishop of London on February 19. 
Before he testified, hox^ever, the court was broken up 
by a brawl and a general riot, and Wycliffe escaped. 
On May 22, Gregory XI- issued five bulls condemning 
Wycliffe 1 s writings. They were addressed, to the arch- 
bishop of Canterbury- and the bishop of London, the 
university of Oxford, and the king. The university was 
to send Wycliffe to the bishops who. were .to examine him 
and report to the pope on the. charges, and 'Wycliffe was 
to be held in prison. This was not carried out for 
three reasons: the bishops shifted the responsibility 
to the^ university to make the report; the university 
questioned the right of the pope to order a man in 
England to be imprisoned; and the king died on June 21. 

Wycliffe continued to teach and write against the 
papacy. He did not object to having a pope as long as 
•he ruled rightly. But lie labeled the pope at that time 
as the Antichrist. He attacked the doctrine of tran- 
substantiation as blasphemous folly overthrowing the 
very nature o.£ a sacrament.. The theologians of the 
university xvere aroused at this and condemned his writ- 
ings. Later,- however,, some of the- same theologians 
supported him against the. archbishop 1 s attack. 

By now Wycliffe was persuaded that the common people 
needed light and help. With the help of his friends, 
Nicholas Hereford and John Purvey, he translated the 
Bible into English. This version. of the Bible issued 
in 1388, and his many tracts and sermons written in 
'English gave him the title of founder of English prose. 

To further help the common people, Wycliffe trained 
and sent out men known. as n poor priests". They were 
not clergymen but traveled among the people preaching 
the doctrines of Christ simply and in English.' 

Though, harfassed and condemned by the church author- 
ities, John Wycliffe continued to write his' views. One 
of 'his foremost teachings was that the Bible' is the. 
highest .source of truth and that it contains all that 
is necessary for man's salvation. In 1382 or 1383, . 


Wycliffe suffered a stroke and died on December 31 , 1384. 

Influential as he was in his lifetime, his doctrines 
did not become popular in his own country. His work 
was carried on for a century and a half by simple men 
known as "Lollards" who were severely persecuted. Some 
of their. leaders were tortured and burned at the stake. 
Yet they taught simplicity of worship, denounced the 
mass and papal authority and paved the way for the 

In Bohemia it was quite different. Scholars who re- 
turned there from England studied and eagerly taught 
Wycliffe's doctrines. John Huss made his doctrines the 
national religion in Bohemia. It. was for this teaching 
that John Huss was tried and burned at the stake. At 
the same trial John Wycliffe 1 s remains were ordered dug 
up and burned and scattered on the River Avon. Even so 
were his teachings condemned but scattered throughout 
Europe and became seeds for the Reformation over 200' 
years later. — L.C. 

(Information from "Encyclopaedia Britannica" and "World 
Book" ' ' __ __, 

The following is from one of John Wyciiffe's writings 
entitled "THE POOR CAITIFF 1 

Christ j not compelling, but freely counselling each' 
man to perfect life, saith thus, "If any man will come^ 
after me let him deny himself ," and take his cross and 
follow me/" Luke 9. Then let "us forsake ourselves, such 
as we have made us in doing sin, and dwell we such as we 
are made by grace. If a proud man be converted to 
Christ, and is made meek, he hath forsaken himself. If 
a covetous man ceaseth to covet, and giveth his own ■' v: 
things, he hath denied himself* If an* evil liver " % 
changeth His life, he hath denied himself. The cross 
of Christ is taken when despi sings for the love of truth 
are not forsaken, but taken; when the flesh is punished 
by abstinence, and when compassion and pity towards our 
neighbour is truly kept; when man is crucified to the 
world, and the world crucified to him, setting the joy 
thereof at nought... 

— From "Great Voices 'of the Reformation" 


.'.:: ■:::■ - ■ ; " : : : 'BIBLE CHARACTERS : • :•'.'•• ■ 

■": - •'.. V f' ;•: . j - JESUS ■; .. ■ ' . 

, . Jesus is the , character, of the Bible. 

H Iri the beginning ,, was -the Word, and the Word was with 
God, and the Word .was, .God. " . In this we see that Jesus 
was with God from the beginning. 

Being with; God from -the beginning, Jesus, no. doubt 
helped in the planning of creation and also in the .plan 
of redemption. After the fall of man in the Garden, 
God, promised He would send a Redeemer at an appropriate 
time and would again restore man in fellowship with. 
Him. So when the time was come for this to happen, God 
sent, Jesus, His only Son, down to .earth, to do what He 
had promised. 

Jesus came to earth as a little baby in the same way 
all men do. He no doubt helped His parents and was in 
subjection to them like all Christian children. He was 
not very old until He began to expose His wisdom. The 
learned men' of that day were astonished at His under- 
standing and answers. 

Jesus began His teaching at the age of thirty years, 
and. taught how we can come back in fellowship with God. 
He taught a new and living way. He taught us how to ■ 
live and how to overcome this carnal nature, how to 
continue in this new life, and what the reward will, be 
if we are faithful unt.o death. - 

Jesus did many miracles during His ministry — things 
■) no pne ever thought couid happen. He healed the sick, 
calmed the storm, raised the dead and -did many other.; 
wonderful things.' /. . : : - -, 

After He .did all He .'could- to convince the people, to 
. .believe in Him- and be saved., He was taken by His .en- 
k emies,*: nailed to the cross and' crucified. Even ; in His 
dying. Moments. He still- showed His love for them by say- 
ing, "Father, " forgive them; : for they know not what they 
dd.. n -What, a testimony! HoW earnestly we should tiry to 
follow in His footsteps. ► ... ■• ..- :. . 

After Jesus' was- in; the . grave.,. He arose- the- third day 


and was with His disciples forty days. During this 
time He told them many wonderful things— how He was go- 
ing to Heaven to prepare a place* for all people who be- 
lieve in Him, and that He would come back again and 
take them with Him to the place He has prepared. . He 
tells some of how this plape is to be, but He says, 
n Eye has hot seen- nor ear heard the things God has pre- 
pared for His people." No doubt if He had told us, we 
could not have comprehended it. 

So the next big event will be when He comes again. to 
receive His people. Are we prepared to go 'with Him? 

— Kenneth Martin 
Nappane e 9 Indiana 


There are two kinds of people^ on earth today — 
Just two kinds of people, no more, I .say. 

Not the good and the bad, for : 'tis well understood,, 
The good are half bad and the bad are half good. 

Not the rich and the poor, for to count a man's wealth 
You must know the state of his conscience and health. 

Not the humble and proud, for in life's busy span, 
Who puts on vain airs is not counted a man. 

No I the two kinds of people on earth I mean 

Are the people who lift and the people who lean.'"' 

Wherever you go you will find the world's masses 
Are ever divided in just these' two classes. 

And strangely enough, you will find, tob, I ween, 
There is only one lifter to twenty who lean. 

In which are you? Are you easing" the load 
Of overtaxed lifters who toil down the road? . 

Or are you' a leaner who lets others bear 
Your portion of worry and labor and care. 

— Selected by Mary M. Price 

16 : r . : THE- PILGRIM 


The first miracle of Jesus was done at a wedding. 
In John 2 we read that there was a marriage in the town 
of Cana in Galilee near Nazareth inhere Jesus lived. 
Jesus and His disciples were .invited. At the weddings 
in those days they usually had a large celebration with 
food and wine. But at this wedding they ran out of 
winei This was just like it would be now if we hadn't 
enough food to go> around when vie had a large crowd for 
dinner, because at that 'time - they used wine as part of 
their food. 

Mary, Jesus 1 mother, was concerned for this young 
couple and told Jesus that they were out of wine. Jesus 
had not yet started His miracles, and He told His mother, 
n MIne hour is not yet come. 11 But Mary had confidence 
that "He would not let them down if they did what He told 
them to do. So she said to the ones w>ho were serving., 
"Whatsoever He : saith unto you, do it.." Jesus saw six 
large waterjpots of stone standing empty. He told the 
servants, rf Fil.l the waterpots with water. " They filled 
them to .the brim* Then He told them, "Draw out now, 
and bear unto the governor of 'the feast." Now the 
servants knew that it was water they had put in the 
waterpots. But when they served it to the ruler of the 
feast, they found that it was the very best wine, . Jesus 
had worked the miracle I The ruler even called the 
bridegroom and remarked that he had kept the best wine 
till last. 

From this miracle we can see that Jesus has power 
over everything. He made all things so He. can also . 
change them now. And we can see how important it is to 
obey. Mary told those servants, ".Whatsoever He saith 
unto you, do it." What if the servants would have re- 
fused to fill the waterpots? What if they would have 
been afraid to -serve, the wine to the guests thinking 
it was still water? Let us hear what Jesus tells us 
to do and then 'do it!' — -L.C. 


VOL. 12 AUGUST, 1965 NO. 8 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2; 11 


God, may my life be a candle, 

Lit by a spark divine 
From the fire of Thine own Spirit, 

Ever for Thee to shine. 

Light me, Heavenly Father, 
And set me where ever You will, 

That a tiny ray of Thy glorious light 
May over earth's darkness spill. 

Light me and keep me shining 

Steady and bright the glow, 
Though into whose heart the rays may fall 

Never perchance may I know. 

May somebody's path grow brighter; 

May somebody lose his fear; 
Some one find strength and comfort, 

Because my' light shone clear. 

Light me, Heavenly Father , 

With a spark of Thy love divine, 

And as the taper is burning low, 
May my light blend into Thine. 

Selected by Alma Garber 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the 


of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies 

sent free 

on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora. Calif. S 




In setting forth the correct understanding of the 
Jewish Passover we go to Exodus 12 where the Israelites 
were told what it consists of, how and when to eat it, 
and that It must be a lamb without blemish. "And they 
shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and 
unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat 
it. Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, 
but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with 
the purtenance thereof. . . And thus shall ye eat it; 
with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and 
your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: 
it is the Lord T s Passover.' 1 Thus they kept the first 
Passover when the destroying angel passed over the homes 
in that night when the blood of the slain lamb was 
sprinkled on the lintel and side posts of their doors 
and did : not destroy their firstborn as it did the first- 
born of the Egyptians, which act resulted in Israel's 
exit from Egyptian bondage. 

This feast is still a sacred institution among 
orthodox Jews — not with a forward look, but as a cele- 
bration of a notable event in the far distant past. 
This is so different from the feast that Jesus told 
Peter and John to prepare in the upper room or guest 
chamber the day before the set time of the Jewish Pass- 
over. It is true that this feast which Jesus and the 
twelve partook of the night of His betrayal He called 
the Passover or '"this Passover", for He said, "With 
desire I have, desired to eat this passover with you 
before I suffer, for I will not anymore eat thereof 
until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God." This is 
not a celebration of a past event, but a meal of antici- 


pation of a most glorious future event when Jesus will 
have His people sit down and He will come forth and 
serve them. (Luke 12:37) We find in Revelation 19:9, 
" Blessed are they which are called to the marriage sup- 
per of the Lamb," ~ .. 

This feast that Jesus called THIS Passover, the 
apostle Paul no doubt designated as the Lord's Supper 
which Jesus and the twelve partook of the night of His 
betrayal in the evening of the day as also in the even- 
ing of His earthly ministry. And was it not truly a 
great "passover" from the dead letter of the law to 
the "new and living way, which He hath consecrated for 
us"? Webster defines the word "supper" as "the evening 
meal or the last meal of the day", so if we want to 
follow the example of our Master, our love feasts 
should end in the night. 

Another evidence to prove that the Passover that 
Jesus partook of was not the Jewish Passover is where . 
Jesus revealed the betrayer by dipping a sop and giving 
it to Judas. A sop constitutes a liquid which could 
not be in the Jewish Passover, for it was not to be 
sodden with water*- When they had taken Jesus into 
Pilate 1 s judgment hall, Pilate spoke to them of the - 
custom to release one at the Passover, showing that the 
time of the Passover had not fully arrived. (John 18:39) 
And in verse 28, the Jews, it is stated, refused to go 
into the judgment hall lest they be disqualified to eat 
the Passover which was so close at hand but yet to be 

That the partaking of the bread and the cup are dis- 
tinctly apart and different from the Lord's Supper and 
should not be called the Lord's Supper is evident from 
the reading of Luke 22:20, "Likewise also the cup after 
supper", implying that both the bread and cup were 
taken after the supper and not a part of the supper. 
Moreover, the purpose and virtue of the emblems of 
Christ's broken body and spilt blood are of life-giving 
power, for it is written, "Except ye eat my flesh, and 
drink my blood; ye have no life in you." 

— David A. Skiles 
Rossville , Indiana 



Lonely and away from home, no friends near, evening 
approaching, weary from travelling so that even the 
h,eap of stones seemed a welcome place to sleep, Jacob 
.lay .--down after arranging the stones in some form for 
repose. Travel-weariness as a mattress covered the 
stones, and- soon he was in deep .slumber rest. 

What a glorious vision he beheld 1 We cannot but 
wonder a^nd speculate that since this heavenly scene, was 
portrayed by the power and for the purpose of God, it 
was of importance and design both to comfort and esta- 
blish Jacob in his deeper devotion and service to God, 
The record of this vision has brought hope and comfort 
to many throughout the ages. 

What an inspiring revelation 1 How it must have 
thrilled Jacob in his deep repose to behold this won- 
derful structure— -a ladder placed on earth and reach- 
ing into the heavenly regions, and the angels of God 
ascending and descending upon it. Also he beheld at 
the top of this visionary ladder, the glory of the 
presence of God. 

So upon awakening, no more feeling alone and forsak- 
en, he pondered upon the, words" of God he heard in his 
dream: "I am the Lord God of Abraham thy father, and 
the God of Isaac; the land whereon thou liest, to thee 
will I give it, and unto thy seed;. And thy seed shall 
be as the dust of the earth, and thou Shalt spread 
abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north 
and to the. south: and In thee shall all the families 
of the earth be blest, and behold I am with thee in 
all the places whither thou goest, and I will, bring 
thee, again unto this land: for I will not leave thee 
until L have done that which I have spoken unto thee. 
And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely 
the Lord is in this place,.; and I knew It not, And he 
was afraid, and said How dreadful is this place I this 
is none, other but the house of God, and this is the 
gate of heaven . u (Genesis 28:13-17) 

We do not know where is the corridor, the hall of 


light, leading to the Throne of God > but many places in 
God's word reveal that there is a means of communica- 
tion, conveyance, an access to the heavenly center of 
the universe — the eternal abode of God. The Holy 
Spirit is here directing the recording and is witness 
to the doings of mankind. (I John 5:6,7,8) Also, "their 
angels do always behold the face of my Father which is 
in heaven." (Matthew 18:10) A strict account is kept 
by God of all things (Matthew 12:36) and at the great 
judgment day the books will be opened. (Rev. 20:12) 
We know that God keeps in touch with man! 

It is a pleasure to study the vision of this heaven- 
ly ladder — a wonderful revelation to man at that time > 
a glimpse of Heaven not revealed before, showing that 
there is a Heaven where God dwells and' a way of com- 
munication between Heaven and earth, 

1. We believe this ladder Jacob saw portrays and 
points to Jesus Christ our Saviour, who is the way, the 
truth, and the life. He says, "No man cometh unto the 
Father but by me." 

2. As the angels of God ascended and descended upon 
the ladder of Jacob's vision, so Jesus says, "Verily, 
verily I say unto you, hereafter ye shall see heaven 
open, and the Angels of God ascending and descending 
upon the son of man*" 

3. Jesus is the way to Heaven. 

4. His divine presence on earth and His ascension 
to Heaven are as a ladder reaching from earth to Heaven. 

5* The steps unto Heaven are the footsteps of Jesus 
we may follow to the Paradise of God. 

6. Jacob was a wanderer fleeing from the presence 
and vengeance of Esau. So the Christian flees from the 
besetments of sin and finds peace, and rest at the lad- 
der, as did. Jacob, in Christ our refuge. 

7. Jacob found his resting place at the ladder* s 
end, even as Christians carried by the angels into 
"Abrahams bosom" . 

8. Jacob at the foot of the ladder became awake 
spiritually to the house of God, the gate of Heaven. 
So indeed do Christians enjoy the earthly courts of 
God near the gate of. Heaven, for Jesus says, "I am the 


Door: by me if any man enter in, he shall "be saved arid 
shall go in and out and find pasture." 

9. Jacob 1 s ladder (his by visionary blessing) blends 
and becomes one in reality into that divine arrangement 
of Jesus Christ our Lord whose ladder planted at the 
foot of the cross extends through the celestial halls 
of glory — the corridors of light — unto the Throne of 
God near our eternal home. 

10., As Jacob in the. glorious vision received the 
promise of God of earthly blessings, so indeed by the 
vision of faith do we receive the exceeding great and 
precious promises of God by His wonderful revelation 
into our very hearts and. know they will all be ful- 
filled. "Let us hold fast the profession of our faith 
without wavering , for he is faithful that promised . 11 

Kails "of glory streaming 

With eternal light , 
Heavenly pathway gleaming , 

Corridor so bright. 
Angels bright descending 

On this shining Way, 
Hosts of God attending 

To our nignt and day. 

Upward fast ascending 

Unto Heaven land, 
Ransomea souls befriending 

To the golden strand. 
Messengers in guiding 

On the homeward road, 
Ministers abiding 

Lift the heavy load. 

Faithful to our calling 

May we travel on — 
Watch our steps from falling 

Till the night is gone. 
Ransomed souls earth leaving, 

Angels carry home, 
From the land of grieving 

Unto Heaven 1 s dome. 

— J, I. Cover 

Sonora, California 



The Bible contains a number of "catalogs" , or lists, 
of sins. Some are brief, while others are quite com- 
prehensive, including the major offenses against God's 

The Bible speaks specifically and in detail regarding 
particular sins. Kan is not left in doubt as to what 
is evil in the sight of God. 

There is nothing new in these lists of sins, that is, 
nothing unknown or unexperienced by men today. In anoth- 
er sense, neither are these sins very ancient. They are 
dealt with as now present, as a part of universal human 
experience and realization. 

Behind each warning and each prohibition of things 
wrong there is a reason. Sin is sin because it is con- 
trary to the will of God and because in its very nature- 
it is against man 1 s highest good. The holy law of God ■ 
determines man's awareness of sin, and the holy will of 
God establishes man's conscience on sin. (By the law 
is -the knowledge of sin.) 

Although sin is thus universal in its nature and ex- 
tent, we must recognise also that there -are sins which '. 
become associated with particular times or people'. 
Licentiousness, pride, rebellion, anarchy, drunkenness, 
or other gross sins may so fasten themselves on a people 
as to mark that people's place in history by the very 
sins they have committed. A little reflection will re- 
mind us of the fact that some nations that have passed 
into history are largely remembered for their sins, and 
a little more reflection could show us for what sins 
America might be remembered in some future age, after 
her destruction from the effects of these very sins. 

The Bible teaches us that we should be accurate and 
specific in our designation of sin. This is both the 
preacher's duty and the preacher's challenge. Every 
good preacher will be known by the sharpness of focus 
by which he brings sin to exposure and lays it upon the 
conscience. This does not mean that he will be „crass ; 
and vulgar in his references to it. In fact, to dwell 


upon the sins of the times is like opening up a cess- 
pool, and the man of refinement will be careful in his 
use of language. One can be definite without being 
lurid j and effective in speech -without becoming offensive, 
" ' In dealing with the sins of the times, preachers some- 
times seem to be under a kind of compulsion to expose 
the sins of the church. Now, when sin is evident in the 
church it should not be hidden. We have already re- 
marked that we should be accurate and specific in our 
designation of sin. But we need to beware of the temp- 
tation to parade sin, especially sins which are alleged 
to be 'In the church. To denounce the church as corrupt 
and. laden with, sin may give little glory to God. The 
natural reaction of any unbeliever listening to such 
denunciation would be one either of satanic glee, or of 
a determination to have nothing to do with the church, 
depending upon his mood at, the time. Doubtless, all 
reference to- problems of sin in the church should be 
made In a spirit of deep respect and loyalty to the ' 
church, certainly not in- such a way as to give unneces- 
sary occasion to the enemies of God to blaspheme.' 

An "amazing thing is modern, man *s attempt to eliminate 
sin. He would try to disregard it, to thrust it aside 
as meaningless and insignigicant. He would try to gloss 
It over with some of the niceties of civilisation or 
hide 1 it beneath, a thin veneer of culture, thinking to 
be done with" the sins of the times in that way. Under 
this kind of treatment all forms of gambling become in- 
nocent diversions. Divorce and remarriage is just an 
accident of the times. Alcoholism is merely a disease. 
Materialism is to be regarded as thrift and industry. 
Adultery and fornication are merely excrescences of 
human nature. Adornment of the human body is. the in- 
nocent pursuit of beauty, something perfectly agreeable 
to God, So it goes, on down the list of sins until sin 
is no longer exceedingly .sinful. 

The sins of our times are the sins of the ages, the 
same' that began in the Garden of Eden and have flourished 
ever since. There is nothing new, but every age brings 
a greater intensity in the expression of sin; Iniquity 
abounds, and evil men and seducers wax worse and worse, 


but the sin is the same* Likewise, the remedy for sin 
is the same as when God first announced it. If we are 
shocked and saddened by the sins of the times, let us 
rejoice that where sin^ abounds, it is still possible 
that grace shall much more abound, 

— J.F.S. in "The Sword and Trumpet" I960 



Jesus keep me near the Cross, 
There a precious fountain, 
Free to all,- a healing stream. 
Flows from Calvary's mountain 

Near the Cross, a trembling soul, 
Love and mercy found me; 
There the bright and morning star 
Sheds its beams around me. 

Near the Cross I Oh, Lamb of God, 
Bring its scenes before me; 
Help me walk from day to day 
With its shadow o'er me. 

Near the Cross J' II watch and wait, 
Hoping, trusting ever, 
Till I reach the golden strand, 
Just beyond the river. ,. 


In the Cross, in the Cross, 
Be my glory ever, 
Till my raptured soul shall find 
Rest beyond the river. 

This hymn was written- by Fanny J. Crosby who was born 
in southeast New York, March 24, 1820. At the age of 
six she lost her eyesight. After she became blind she 
spent twelve years in the New York Institution for the 


Blind where she became a teacher. In 185$ she married 
a fellow inmate,- Mr. Alexander Van Alstyn, a musician. 

Of all the hymns that Fanny Crosby wrote — she com- 
posed six thousand — "Near the Cross" is considered one 
of the best and most enduring. 

It is believed that -the writer of this hymn based 
her thoughts on Paul's letter to the Colossians, chapter 
1, verse 20, which says, speaking of Jesus Christ, "And 
having made peace through the blood of his cross, by 
him to reconcile all things unto himself, by him 1 say, 
whether they be things in earth or things in heaven." 

— J * -L * * 

"My barns are full and running o'er. 
I'll tear them down and build some more. 
My treasure here is quite secure; 
My fertile fields will long endure. 
No thief will ever come by stealth 
And take away my earthly wealth." 
"Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be 
By God in Heaven required of thee." 
God did not take what he held dear; 
He just took him and left it here. 
How foolish then for us to reap, 
And earthly harvests try to keep, 
- For soon, yes soon, our Lord may call, 
And we* 11 be forced to leave it all. 
— Guy Hootman 


I wish to express my sincere thanks and appreciation 
for the comfort and joy contained in the many letters 
and cards I have received during my affliction. 

Welt ha M. Cover 


The Salida Congregation have : set November 6th and 7th 
for our Fall Lovefeast Meeting. A hearty invitation is 
extended to members and friends to attend. 

D. F. Wolf 



This month's selections are again from the xvrltings 
of John Wycliffe, early English Christian reformer. 
The first is from a writing entitled "The Poor Caitiff", 
The second is part of the parable of the prodigal son 
from Wycliffe 1 s translation of the Bible. It is in the 
N old English spelling used in Wycliffe' s time. -Ed. 


He that is truly fed with the bread that came down 
from heaven, boweth not his love to those things to 
which the fiend enticeth. Temptations are overcome by ■■ 
patience and meek suffering. What is patience? — a glad 
and willing suffering of troubles. He that is patient 
murmurs not at adversity, but rather, at all times, 
praises God with the prophet. 

Evil men always grudge in adversities, and flee them 
as much as they may. For while they are unmeasurably 
given to visible things, they are deprived from true 
hope of everlasting things. They find solace or comfort 
only in earthly goods, for they have lost the savour of 
heavenly things. There is no soul of man in this world 
which cleaveth not either to the Creator or the creature. 
If he love the creature he loseth God, and goeth to death 
with that which he loveth. Such love is the beginning 
of travail and folly, in the middle It is languor and 
wretchedness, and in the end it is hate and pain. He 
that truly loveth his Maker refuses in will and liking 
all things that are in the world* He hath sweetness to 
speak of him and with him; to think upon his Maker is 
refreshing to him.. He closes his outer senses lest 
death enter in by the windows, lest he be occupied un- 
profitably with any vanity. Sometimes there are reared 
against him despisings, reproofs, scorns, and slanders. 
Therefore it is needful that he take the shield of pa- 
tience, and be ready to forget and to forgive all wrongs, 


and to pray for the turning to good of them that hate 
him and hurt him. No man is showed to himself whether 
he be strong or feeble, unless he be tempted when he is 
at peace. Many men seem to be patient when they are not 
impugned, but when a light blast , I say not of injustice, 
.but of correction, touches them, their mind presently 
turns into bitterness and wrath, and if they hear one 
word against their will, they yield two more sternly 
again. Into their council come not, my soull The 
darts of the enemy are to be quenched with the meekness 
and sweetness of the love of Christ, Give not way to 
temptation, be it ever so grievous. For the greater the 
battle the more glorious the victory, and the higher the 
crown. Blessed is the man that suffereth temptation, 
for when he is proved to be, true, he shall take a crown 
of life. Flee as much as thou canst the praising of 
men. Despise favour, worship, and all vain glory, and 
gladly sustain or suffer enmities, hates, backbi tings, 
or reproofs. And so by evil fame, and by good praise; 
by tribulations and gladnesses, cease thou not to press 
forward to heavenly kingdoms. 

When thou art tempted or troubled, think upon the 
remedy that our Saviour saith in his gospel. 'Watch ye 
and pray ye, that ye enter not into temptation. He 
saith not, Pray ye that ye be not tempted. For it is 
good and profitable to good men to be tempted and trou- 
bled, as is shown by what the prophet saith, To him that 
is tempted and troubled, God saith, I am with him in 
tribulation; I shall deliver him, and shall glorify him. 
Let no man think himself to be holy because he is not 
tempted, for the holiest and highest iri life have the 
most temptations. How much the higher a hill is, so 
much is the wind there greater; so, how much higher the 
life is, so much stronger is the temptation of the ene- 
my." God playeth with his child when he suffereth him 
to be tempted, as a mother rises from her much beloved 
child, and hides herself, and leaves him alone, and 
suffers him to cry, Mother, Mother, so that he looks 
about, cries and weeps for a time, and at last when the 
child is ready to be overset with troubles and weeping, 
she comes again, clasps him in her arms, and kisses him, 


and wipes away the tears. So our Lord suffereth his 
loved child to be tempted and troubled for a time, and 
withdraweth some of his solace and full protection , to 
see what his child will do; and when he is about to be 
overcome by temptations, then he defendeth him, and com- 
forteth him with his grace. And therefore, when we are 
tempted, let us cry for the help of our Father, as a \ 
child cries after the comfort of its mother. For whoso 
prayeth devoutly, shall have help oft to pray, and pro- 
fits much to establish the heart in God, and suffers it 
not to bow about, now into this, apd now into that. 
The fiend is overcome by busy and devout prayer, and 
becomes as feeble and without strength to them that are 
strong and persevering in devout, prayers. Devout prayer 
of a holy' soul is as sweet incense which driveth away 
all evil savours, and enters up by odour of sweetness, 
into the presence of God. 

The following selection is from Wycliffe's transla- 
tion of the Bible, one of his .greatest achievements, ■ 
and is given here in the original spelling to show how 
much, the language has changed since his time. This 
translation, issued in 13S8, was the first English Bible. 
It is thought that Wycliffe himself translated the New 
Testament and part : of the Old Testament, and that the 
work was. finished by his associates. -Ed. 

LUKE 15:11-15 

And he seide, a man hadde twei sones; and the yonger 
of hem seide to the fadir, Fadir, gyue me the porcioun 
of catel, that fallith to me. And he departide to hem 
the catel. And not.aftir many dales, whanne alle thingis 
weren gederid togider, the yonger sone wente forth in 
pilgrymage in to a fer cuntre; and there, he wastide hise 
goodis in lyuynge lecherously. And aftir that he hadde 
endid alle thingis a strong hungre was maad in that 
cuntre, and he bigan to haue nede.. And he wente and 
drough hym to oon of the citeseyns of that cuntre. And 
he sente hym in to his toun, to fede swyn. 

From "Great Voices of the Reformation" 



In Daniel 3 we have the account of these three Jewish 
men whom Kirtg Nebuchadnezzar had set over the affairs of 
Babylon at the request of Daniel. No doubt this gave 
them a respected position in their community and made 
them responsible to please the king in every way possi- 
ble. However j during this time the king set up a huge 
golden linage and sent for all of his officials and . 
governors (which included Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego) 
to come and worship his idol at the occasion of his dedi- 
cation. Now golden images and idol worship were possi- 
bly as prevalent in those days- as any form of temptation 
or deception is before the Christian of our day. Besides, 
this was only a dedication of which there would only be 
one, so could they not well have reasoned with themselves 
or others that it would not hurt to do this just once? 
It will not happen again, anyway. Then we can go on and 
worship God as in the past and not insult the king to 
whom we are responsible. Now the king made but one ex- 
treme alternative for anyone who would not fall down and 
worship his image: that he would be cast into a burning 
fiery furnace 1 Certainly facing a horrible experience , 
let us notice what these God-fearing men said. n 0h 
Nebuchadnezzar, we are not careful to answer thee in 
this matter. If it* be so, our God whom we serve is able 
to deliver us from the burning fiery furnace, and he 
will deliver us out of thine hand, king. Bat if not, 
be it known unto thee, king, that we will not serve" 
thy gods nor irorship the golden image which thou hast 
set up. u 

Now when the furnace was heated seven times hotter 
than its capacity, and the mightiest men of the king ! s 
army were slain by the heat getting Shadrach, Meshach 
and Abednego into the fire, notice what the king ob- 
served. "Did not we cast three men bound into the midst 
of the fire? Lo, I see four men loose, walking in the 
midst of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form 


of the fourth is like the Son of God." 

Then the king called them out in the presence of his 
rulers, judges, etc. and said, "Blessed be the God of 
Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, who hath sent his angel, 
and delivered his servants that trusted in him, and have 
changed the king ! s word and yielded their bodies that* 
they might not serve nor worship any god except their 
own God. Therefore I make a decree, That every people, 
nation, and language, which speak any thing amiss 
against the God of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, • 
shall be cut in pieces, and their houses made a dung- 
hill: because there is no other God that can deliver 
after this sort." They came from the furnace without 
the smell of fire or an hair of their head singed, and 
the king even promoted them in Babylon. May their ex- 
ample encourage us to fear God rather than man, 

"The fear of God is the beginning of wisdom." 

— Paul Baker 
Maple, Ontario 


Maltbie Davenport Babcock 

Be strong! 
We are not here to play, ■ to dream, to drift; 
We have hard work to do, and loads to lift; 
Shun not the struggle — face it; 'tis God's gift, 

Be strong! 
Say not, "The days are evil. Who T s to blame?" 
And fold the hands, and acquiesce — Oh' shame! 
Stand up, speak out, and bravely, in God's name, 

Be, strong! 
It matters not how deep intrenched the wrong, 
How hard the battle goes, the day how long; • 
Faint not — fight on! Tomorrow comes the song. 

From "Sunshine Magazine" 



John the Baptist preached in the desert near the 
country of the Jews, He told the people to repent of 
their sins, and when they confessed and repented, he 
baptized them. He warned them to get ready because a 
Great One was coming after him. He claimed he was not 
worthy to stoop down and unloose the shoes of this great 
mighty One. John did not yet know who this mighty One 
would. be , but God had sent him to baptize and prepare 
the people, and had told him that certain signs would 
indicate the Holy One. 

John was related to Jesus and must have had great 
respect for Him. So when Jesus came and asked John to 
baptise Him, John protested saying that he had need to 
be baptized by Jesus, But Jesiis replied, "Suffer it to 
be so now for thus it becometh us to fulfill all right- 

After John had baptized Him, three very wonderful 
things happened. The Bible says that the Heavens were 
opened unto Him, .What a beautiful sight it must have 
beenl Then the Spirit of God descended from Heaven In 
the bodily shape of a dove. The dove lighted upon 
Jesus. Third came the voice from Heaven saying, "This 
is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." 

After John saw these signs, he knew that Jesus was 
the great One who was to come after him. He knew then 
that this was God's only Son. Then John could tell 
others, "Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the 
sin of the world." For this is the reason that Jesus 
came to earth — to take away our sins. He promises us 
everlasting life if we will believe and follow Him. 

In what river was Jesus baptized? (Mark 1*9) 

What did John the Baptist wear? What did he eat? 

(Mark 1:6) 
Where did Jesus go right after He was baptized? 

(Mark 1:12) — L.C. 


VOL. 12 SEPTEMBER, 1965 NO. 9 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul" 1 Peter 2: 1 1 

(Tune : Finland ia) 

Be still, my soul: the Lord is on thy side; 

Bear patiently the cross of grief or pain; 
Leave to thy God to order and provide; 

In every change He faithful will remain. 
Be still, my soul: thy best, thy heavenly Friend 

Through thorny ways leads to a joyful eid. 

Be still, my soul: thy God doth undertake 
To guide the future as He has the past. 

Thy hope, thy confidence let nothing shake; 
All now mysterious shall be bright at last. 

Be still, my soul: the waves and winds still know 
His voice who ruled them while He dwelt below. 

Be still, my soul: . the hour is hastening on 
When. we shall be forever with the Lord, 

When disappointment, grief, and fear are gone, 
Sorrow forgot, life's purest joys restored. 

Be still, my soul: when change and tears are past, 
All safe and blessed we shall meet at last. 

Katharina von Schlegel 
Selected by Martha Cover 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the 
members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 
Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora. Calif. 


Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called 
Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciple s, Sit ye here, 
while I go to pray yonder. (Matthew 26:36) 

And they cane to a place named Gethsemane: and he 
saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while 1 shall 
pray. (Mark 14:32) 

And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to the 
mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him. 
And when he was at the place, he said unto them, Pray 
that ye enter not into temptation. And he was with- 
drawn from them about a stone r s cast, and kneeled down, 
and prayed... (Luke 22 r 39-41) 

When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth 
with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a 
garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples. 
And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: 
for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples. 
(John 18:1,2) 

After Jesus and His disciples partook of the Lord's 
Supper and holy Communion together, and Jesus also 
spoke to them the words of John 14, Jesus concluded by 
saying, "But that the world may know that I love the 
Father; and as the Father gave me commandment, even so 
I do. Arise, let us go hence." Matthew and Mark record, 
"And when they had sung- an hymn, they went out unto the 
mount of Olives.". 

On their journey from the upper room to the mount of 
Olives, it seems likely that Jesus spoke to His disci- 
ples as recorded in St. John, chapters 15 and 16, con- 
cluding with His prayer to our Heavenly Father in chap- 
ter 17, at that time being near the brook Cedron. Then 
passing over, they entered into The Garden of Gethsemane . 


' Can "we by faith , follow along with these disciples as 
Jesus leads the way? The night' is dark; the hour is 
late. We sometimes sing: .. 

! Tis midnight, and on Olives' brow, 
, The star is dimmed that lately shown. 
f Tis midnight in the garden now; 
The suffering Saviour prays alone. 

The fortunes of mankind had reached the lowest ebb; 
all were bankrupt debtors, facing forclosure, yet rush- 
ing madly on lower and lower in the ways of sin — hope- 
less, helpless. Darkness , typified by this dark mid- 
night hour, had cast its pall over all humanity: the 
curse and darkness covered the earth, 

Jesus alone faced this darksome condition In which 
the satanic hosts of evil were celebrating the downfall 
of man, eagerly expecting to see their complete ■ destruc- 

Jesus had turned away from the acclaim and praise .of 
the multitudes at the time of His ride up to Jerusalem — 
beginning the descent to this very place — this garden 
where He loved to be when pressed and tired from His . 
labors. No doubt He had often prayed there before and 
"loved to steal awhile away from every cumbering care. 11 
Now for the last time He enters .this garden with. Hi&. 
disciples, but one was missing: the betrayer. sacred 
time and -place, so portentous, so critical I 

Will Jesus take the sinners place? Will He be made 
a curse for us? Will He be made sin for us, who knew 
no sin? Will the Lamb of God be willing to die, a sac- 
rifice for sin? "All this and more our Saviour beheld 
in the cup held out to Him to partake. 

Jesus prays alone — prays earnestly. "And there 
appeared an angel unto him from heaven strengthening 
him; and being in agony he prayed more earnestly: and 
his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling 
to the ground. my Father, if this cup may not pass 
away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done I" 

Sleeping, sleeping disciples were scarcely aroused 
by Jesus coming to them three times. They slumbered on. 
Jesus comes to them the last time and says, "Sleep on 


now 'ahxf take" your ' re si": "' "behold the hour is at hand, 

and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of, sinners. 11 

The mob of sinners is at hand. Jesus leaves, that" 
sacred j holy place ahead of the disciples , bravely to 
meet His foes and the" betrayer face to face ; . "Jesus had 
gained the victory over self, willing to : prove His love 
to our Father by His obedience "unto death", even the 
death of the* cross." Love had triumphed over hate, and 
the .. innocent Lamb. of God was willing to suffer and die 
for guilty man I So, with calmness and serenity He said, 
"Whom seek, ye?" They., answered Him, "Jesus of Nazareth," 
Jesus .saith unto them, "I AL HE." Jesus allowed His , 
royal name "I AM" to, for a moment, strike them down to 
the ground* But they were determined to take Jesus, 
and when He gave them permission, they ruthlessly bound 

And. He goes to ., seek our Salvation; "to seek and to 
save that which was lost." He died that we might live. 
Justice was satisfied because He took our place. He 
rose from the grave and says, "Because I live,' ye shall 
live also. " There is no bar to our salvation now -but- 
our selfish way which, if we persist .in, we shall be ■.-■■■ 
lost and end in destruction. But if • we deny self, and. 
allow. Him -to take us up in His arms of Salvation, He 
will' carry us safely to the fold of the redeemed ones 
in. glory — the lost ones safe within the fold. 

Dear reader, are you interested? Does the work of 
Jesus for us 'ring a chord of gratitude? Or will you 
complacently sleep on? That may. be the sleep of death — 
Second Death. "Why sleep ye? Rise and pray, lest ye 
enter into temptation!" 

-alone : ' . . ;.'. ... 

Alone our Saviour bore our load 

' Throughput His life to end of road; 

;;■ -. ■ - Alone He led the way to light 

: - By standing for the truth and right. 

- : ' ' ■ Alone He in the Garden knelt ■ 
- -' : ■•■■ In' darkness keenly by : Him felt; 


Alone He prays to God to hear, 

In that black hour of care and fear. 

Alone He faced the wicked foes, 

Surrounding at that evening's close. 

Alone He suffers round on round, 

While blood tears falling to the ground. 

Alone. His loved ones fall in sleep, 
And failing all their watch to keep. 

Alone, He cries, "Thy will be done," 
Alone for us Salvation won. 

Alone, His lovelight reached the skies j 
Our Heavenly Father hears His cries. 

Alone, while sinners curse and swear, 
The crown of thorns He bows to wear. 

Alone, alone our life to own, 

He sits beside His Father's Throne. 

Alone the King of Kings shall be, 
When we His face in glory see. 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonora , California 


The Church has .repeatedly been attacked for teaching 
that it is necessary that a Christian be active in good 
works and that these works are important in salvation. 
"For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not 
of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, 
lest any man should boast." (Ephesians 2:8,9) This 
sounds as though it would be impossible for us to do 
anything toward the salvation of our souls. But listen 
to the next verse, Ephesians 2:10, "For we are his 
workmanship, created in Christ unto good works, which 
God hath before ordained that we should walk in them." 

There are many mysterious things told in the Bible 
that are not revealed completely. Although many things 


have been told of the life hereafter, we do not know 
what it is to die. We do not know just when the Lord 
will return. We do not know what Heaven will be like, 
11 ...Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither 1 have en- 
tered into the heart of man, the things which God hath 
prepared for them that love h"im. M (I Corinthians 2:9) 
Although this is true, the basic rules of life and sal- 
vation are very plain and easy to be understood if we 
really want to know* In fact, they appear so simple, 
it is easy for us to ignore their importance. 

There are three steps necessary for us to follow 
before we can become active Christians. First we must 
have faith in God. Hebrews 11:6 "But without faith it 
is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God 
must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of 
them that diligently seek him. 11 Second, we must acknow- 
ledge our sinful state and repent of it; we must realise 
that we are in a lost condition and need a Saviour. 
Acts 17:30 "And the. times of this ignorance God winked 
at, but now commandeth all men everywhere to repent. 11 
Third, we must be baptized of the water and of the 
Spirit. We must be born again, become a new creature, 
have our goal in Heaven.- When Jesus- was- baptized, the 
Spirit descended on Him in the bodily shape of a dove, 
a witness for all to see. When we are obedient to water 
baptism for the remission of sins, we then have the 
promise of the gift of the Holy Spirit to lead us into 
'all' truth and righteousness. Acts 2:33 "Then" Peter ' 
said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you 
in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of ' sins 
and ye shall receive, the gift of the Holy Ghost. 11 
Baptisnr Is only a' symbol of the real thing that has 
happened... Vie have buried the old man as we are immersed, 
and we come out of the water to walk in neWhess of ilfe. 
As a natural baby is born into the world, so it Is with 
the new birth that Jesus offered Nieodemas/ "Ye must 
be born again.". This is only the beginning. From' here 
on we must grow in. grace and in the knowledge of our 
Lord and Saviour Jesus" Christ. 

The people asked Jesus, "what shall we do that we 
might work the works of God? Jesus answered and said 


unto them, "This is the work of God, that ye believe on 
him whom he hath sent." 

"Verily, verily I say unto you, he that believeth on 
me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater 
works than these shall he do, because I go to the Father, 
If ye love me, keep my commandments." 

The simple solution to the misunderstanding of grace 
and works is that we cannot obtain salvation by our own 
works or man's works, (Kan cannot save himself.) but we 
can and must do the works of God. 

Through grace God has given us righteous works to do 
through Jesus Christ. Obedience to Jesus is essential 
to our salvation. God did what we could, not do, but He 
expects us to respond, and has shown us by His Son who 
was our example that we should follow in His steps, 

— Rudolph E. Cover 
Sonora, California 


When families move long miles away 

parents and children jrearn 

And do return 
To their familiar scenes of yesterday. 

Their faithful dog is well content, 

Relaxed in calm repose, 

If he can be with those 
Who him a little love has lent . 

So Christian when you're called above 

It will not matter where 

You will be happy there 
To be with God and Christ and friends you love. 

— Guy Hootman 

Heaven is blessed with perfect rest; but the blessing 
of earth is toil. — Henry Van Dyke 



This wonderful hymn and the accompanying tune was 
the work of two remarkable men who labored greatly In 
the Master's service. 

The words were written by Joseph H* Gilmore, who has 
related how the hymn was given to the world. 

"It was the year 1862 * I was talking at the Wednes- 
day evening lecture of the First Baptist Church of 
Philadelphia/' he wrote, 

"The talk was on the Twenty-Third psalm, and I had 
been especially impressed with the blessedness of being 
led by Cod,, of the mere fact of His leadership, altogeth- 
er apart from the way In which He leads us and what He 
is leading us to. At the close of the service we ad- 
journed to Deacon Watson's home, where I was staying. 

"The blessedness of God's leadership so grew upon 
me that I took out my pencil, wrote the hymn just as it 
stands today, handed it to my wife and thought no more 
about it a She sent it to "The Watchman and. Reflector," 
who published it. 

"Three years later I went to Rochester to preach for 
the Second Baptist Church, On entering the chapel I 
took up a hyinnbook, for I thought, '1 wonder what they 
sing, 1 The book opened at r He Leadeth Me, r and that 
was the first time J knew my hymn had found a place 
among the songs of the church. I shall never forget 
the impression made upon me by coming then and there in 
contact with my own assertion of God's leadership.!? 

The composer of the melody to which these words were 
set was ¥. B. Bradbury. When Bradbury was jroung and 
poor it was Lowell Mason who helped him greatly in the 
musical world, and in befriending Bradbury he helped 
the whole world of sacred song, for it is due to the 
music-loving Bradbury that we have so many arresting 
and lasting tunes. 

On day \tfhile idly turning over the leaves of a jour- 
nal he had seen this hymn and had cut it out. In due 


course It was set to the melody that the world knows. 

He leadeth me: blessed thought I 

words with heavenly comfort fraught 1 

Whate'er I do, where 1 er I be, 

Still 'tis God's hand that leadeth me. 

Sometimes 'mid scenes of deepest gloom, 
Sometimes where Eden's bowers bloom, 
By waters still o'er troubled sea, 
Still 'tis God's hand that leadeth me. 

Lord, I would clasp Thy hand in mine, 
Nor ever murmur nor repine; 
Content, whatever lot I see, 
Since 'tis my God that leadeth me. 

And when my task on earth is done, 
When by Thy grace the victory's won, 
E'en death's cold, x^ave I will not flee, 
Since God through Jordan leadeth me. 


He leadeth me I He leadeth mel 
For by His hand He leadeth me. 
His faithful follower I would be, 
For by his hand He leadeth me. 

(From "Stories of Wonderful Hymns" by Kathleen Blanehard) 


The date for Communion Meeting with the Canada members 
has been set, the Lord willing, for October 3rd, and a 
loving invitation is extended to all to attend, especial- 
ly to those who labor in the Word and doctrine. 

David A. Skiles 

The Salida Congregation have set November 6th, and 7th 
for our Fall Love feast Meeting. A hearty Invitation is 
extended to members and friends to. attend. 

D. F. Wolf 



NETHa LA VERNE COVER was born June 12. 1903 in Marion, 
Indiana, to Emro and Jessie (Hiatt) Bruch. In the year 
of 1904 she and her parents moved to Whittier, California, 
and in 1922 they moved to Modesto, California. On June 
12, 1924 she was united in holy marriage to Jesse Jordan 
Cover. As a young bride she moved into their ranch home 
on American Avenue near Modesto where she lived until her 
passing. To this union were born five daughters: Cathryn, 
Mary, Miriam, Dorothy, and Carmen, 

At an early age she received into her heart and life 
the Lord Jesus Christ as her personal Saviour and Lord 
and obeyed Him in Christian baptism, Her life was one 
of continued growth in grace and knowledge of the Lord 
Jesus Christ. Her faith and confidence was in His sav- 
ing grace and atoning work. 

Her life was characterized by Christian compassion 
for others, giving of herself freely in a ministry of 
service. The quality of her devotion enriched the lives 
of her husband and daughters. An ever-increasing circle 
of relatives and friends from all walks of life and from 
all over the world were warmly welcomed into her home. 
No service to them was spared; even to the little things 
she gave her thoughtful attention. Her deep concern for 
people and her keen interest in the world about her made 
her a refreshing companion and hostess. Although she re- 
joiced in the wonders of God*s created world, she desired 
a better, heavenly country and looked for that city whose 
Builder and Maker is God. Wherefore, as the Scripture 
says, God is not ashamed to be called her God. For He 
has prepared for her a city, that eternal abode of all 
those who die in Christ. 

She went to be in the presence of her beloved Heavenly 
Father on August 23, 1965. God blessed her with 62 years 
and 73 days of fruitful life. 

In her home-going she leaves her beloved husband, 
Jesse Cover, her five daughters, Cathryn Driver, Mary 
Meye, Miriam Notehelfer, Dorothy Howard, and Carmen Ernst, 
and 15 grandchildren; her mother, Mrs. Jessie Bruch, her 
sister, Irma Lent, and her three brothers, Ray Bruch, 
Emro Bruch, and Robert Bruch. 


JOHN HUSS (1370-1415) 

"During the latter days of John Wycliffe, a youth 
was growing up in an obscure village of Bohemia, who 
was destined to bear, in his turn, the torfch'o'f truth, 
and to transmit it with a martyr's hand to a long suc- 
cession of disciples — and he was worthy of the heavenly 
office . John of Huss, or Hussinetz, was very early dis- 
tinguished by the force and acuteness of his understand- 
ing, the modesty and gravity of his demeanor, the rude 
and irreproachable austerity of his life. "A thoughtful 
and attenuated countenance, a tall' and somewhat emaciat- 
ed form, an uncommon mildness and affability of manner 
added to the authority of his virtues and the persuasive- 
ness of his eloquence. The University of Prague, at 
that time extremely flourishing, presented a field for 
the expansion of his great qualities; in the year 1401. 
he was appointed president, or dean, of the philosophi- 
cal faculty, and was elevated, eight years afterwards, 1 
to the rectorship of the University* 11 (Wadclington' s 
"History of the Church 11 ) 

About this time the University was torn by a. bitter 
dispute between the German majority of the students "' and 
faculty and the native ' Bohemians. John Huss upheld his 
countr";ymen f s cause, taking the side of the. "realists"., 
against the "nominalists". In. this dispute he jnade. 
some lifelong enemies. A great number of German students 
and' teachers withdrew from the University and held the 
deep hatred they had for the leader of their opposition, 
John Huss. 

The teachings of John Wycliffe had been brought to 
Bohemia from England some time before, and Huss now 
began to uphold them more openly. He did' not agree with 
Wycliffe on many .important poiiits e§ he upheld more of 
the traditions of the Church. But he did hold high the 
truth of the scriptures, and taught and wrote much in 
the language of the common people. And he taught against 


the corruption and abuses among the clergy as Wycliffe 
had done. In Bohemia, also, the Church was rich, and 
Wycliffe 1 s teachings found favor among some of the rulers 
^as well as the peasants. 

In 1410, as a result of his outspoken support of 
Wycliffe 1 s doctrines, John Huss was accused and excom- 
municated by John XXIII* This had little effect upon 
Huss as he had so much support from his people, and the 
papacy was weakened by two rival popes both claiming 
the position. Huss preached regularly in Bethlehem 
Chapel in Prague in the language of the common people. . 
The case against him was dropped for a time until this 
.pope issued a sale of indulgences to finance his claim 
to the throne against Gregory XII. Huss publicly de- 
nounced this sale of indulgences and refused to retract 
his statements even after three men had been executed 
for the same offence. He continued to teach Wycliffe's 
doctrines — especially the opinion that the faithful 
need not obey papal commands that conflict with the 
laws of Christ. 

Finally, by request of the king, Huss left Prague and 
spent two years in the country where he found more time 
to write and preach. Here he composed his most famous 
writing, "The Treatise on the Church. 11 He thought that 
the papacy would be so occupied with their own struggle 
that his case would be ignored , and he could live in 
peace . 

But In 1414, -a council was called at Constance to 
discuss church unity, reform, and questions of heresy. 
John Huss was summoned to appear. Although he had no 
faith in the justice of the pope, he hoped for a fair 
trial at this council before the prelates of the Church. 
TT e was promised by the emperor Segismond "safe conduct" 
to Constance, during his stay there, and for his trip 
back to his country. However, as soon as he arrived in 
Constance he was arrested and held as a prisoner. His 
supporters managed to obtain three public hearings for 
aim where he was allowed to defend himself. But the 
council was composed of many of his enemies who were 
prejudiced against him. He was asked both publicly and 
privately to recant and save his life, but he refused 


to .even though weakened by sickness* Some time passed 
before- Huss was sentenced and he commented: "God, in 
His wisdom, has reasons for prolonging my lifer* He 
wishes to give me time to weep for my sins, and to -con- 
sole myself in this protracted trial by the hope of 
their remission. He has granted me this, interval, that, 
through meditation on the sufferings of Christ Jesus, 
I may become better qualified to support my own." 

The Czeck word "hus" means "goose", and one of Huss f 
friends wrote home from Constance that "the Goose was 
not yet cooked." We still use this phrase in our time. 

On the morning of July 6, 1415 Huss was again brought 
before the Council in its fifteenth session. His accus- 
ation and sentence was read: "That for several years 
John Huss has seduced and scandalized the people by the 
dissemination of many doctrines manifestly heretical, 
and condemned by the Church, especially those of John 
Wiclif . That he has obstinately trampled upon, the keys 
of the Church and the ecclesiastical censures. That he 
has appealed to Jesus Christ as sovereign judge, to the 
contempt of the ordinary judges of the Church; and that 
such appeal was injurious, scandalous, and made in de- 
rision of ecclesiastical authority. ■ That he has per- 
sisted to the last in his ■ errors, and even maintained 
them in full Council. It is therefore ordained that he 
be publicly deposed and degraded from holy orders, as 
an obstinate and incorrigible, heretic. . ." Huss was 
then stripped of his priestly clothes, his hair was cut, 
a cup was symbolically taken from his hands, and a paper 
cap marked with demons was placed on his head. His soul 
was then assigned to the demons, and he was turned over 
to the state for execution. On the same day he was 
burned at the stake .saying: "Lord Jesus, I endure with 
humility this cruel death for thy sake; and I pray thee 
to pardon all my enemies." 

It appears that the way John Huss spoke out was not 
so uncommon. In fact, denunciations of the pope and 
abuses by the Church were spoken in the very council in 
which Huss was condemned. But he had bitter enemies 
from the dispute at the University besides from the 
hierarchy of the Church. The fact that he continued to 


■uphold Wycliffe's doctrines was against him. a g these 
'were considered heretical. -He .also taught that tithes 
should be strictly voluntary and not levied, as .a tax 
as was commonly done. He taught that, the cup. of the 
communion should be offered to the laity instead of .on- 
ly the priests. These,' and other doctrines gave his 
enemies occasion to demand his death. - - ... --. • 

•The Bohemian countrymen of John Huss were indignant 
j at his unfair trial and execution. Followers of .-his 
known as Hussites persistantly carried. on his work and 
teachings in spite of persecution and repeated military 
crusades against them, 

Huss wrote his conclusions about death; "It is 
better to die well than to live ill. One should not 
flinch before the sentence of death* To finish life 
in grace is to go away from pain and misery. He who 
fears death loses the joy of life* Above all else truth 
•triumphs. He conquers who dies, because no adversity 
can hurt the one over whom iniquity holds not sway." 

t n 
——-Li . O • 

(Information from Waddington's "History of the. * 
Church 11 , Mosheim's '"Ecclesiastical History" and "Ency- 
clopaedia - Erittanica" . ) 

by Alfred S. Rctz 

Do not wait until tomorrow 

If you T d make your life worthwhile. 

'Bring a cheer to. those in sorrow, 
Bless them, with a happy smile.-. 
Golden moments swiftly passing 
Soon will be forever gone, 
Hasten then to be a blessing; 
'Wait not for tomorrow 1 s dawn. 

Do not wait until tomorrow 

To be true in w r ord or deed 

To your neighbour, friend and brother 

Who may be in direst need. 


Give your flowers and your roses 
To your friends while yet in life. 
Sing God's praises, bear your crosses, 
Shun all evil, sin and strife. 

Do not wait until tomorrow 
If you'd make your life sublime; 
Grief and pain will surely follow 
Wasted days and years of time. 
Dearest friends will soon be missing, 
And our life will soon be done; 
But today while life is teeming, 
Great rewards may yet be won. 

Do not wait until tomorrow 
To bestow a helping hand 
To the many souls in sorrow 
Languishing on sinking sand. 
Feed the hungry, lift up Jesus, 
Bring the dying to the fold; 
While the day is yet before us 
Gather in the sheaves of gold. 

Do not wait until tomorrow — 
Do what good you can today; 
Richest blessings then will follow, 
And your life will surely pay. 
Human hearts are all around us 
Who are waiting to be led 
To the blessed feet of Jesus 
And be fed with living bread. 

Do not wait until tomorrow 

For the work you have to do; 

If you wait 'twill bring you sorrow 

And of troubles not a few. 

Oh, why should you linger longer 

And consume your time away! 

Christ is yours, and Heaven yonder, 

If you live for God each day. 

Selected by Martha Cover 



Immediately after Jesus was baptized by John, He was 
led by the Spirit into the wilderness, a desert area, 
to be tempted. .There was no food in the wilderness and 
hardly any water , and it was inhabited only by wild 
beasts. Here Jesus fasted— He ate no food for forty 
days and forty nights I And the Bible says that the 
devil tempted Him during this time. 

Of course, Jesus was very hungry after fasting all 
that time. He had power to make food, so the devil 
said to Him, ,! If thou be the Son of God, command that 
these stones be made bread, 1 ' Jesus answered him, "It 
is written, Man shall not live by bread alone but by 
every word that proc'eedeth out of the mouth of God." 

For the second temptation, the devil took Jesus to 
Jerusalem to a high pinnacle of the temple, and said 
unto Him, "If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down 
from hence." And he reminded Jesus that God had prom- 
ised to protect Him.. But Jesus answered again, "It is 
written, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God. 11 

Then the third temptation: the devil took Jesus to 
a great high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms 
of the world in a moment of time. He said to Jesus, 
"All these things will I give thee if thou wilt fall 
down and worship me." Jesus answered, "Get thee behind 
me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the 
Lord thy God, and Hojil only shalt thou serve." 

After the devil failed to make Jesus do wrong, he 
left Him for a time* And then the angels came and min- 
istered to Jesus. No doubt they fed and strengthened 
Him and praised Him for His victory over the wicked one. 

Jesus had the power to make bread from stones and to 
leap from -the temple, but Fie did not have to prove it to 
Satan, Some day" He will have glory from all nations, 
but He will not have to worship Satan to receive them. 
Jesus is greater and more powerful than Satan. He will 
help us, too, when someone wants us to do wrong if we 
ask Him, trust Him, and do what He tells us. — L.C. 


VOL. 12 OCTOBER, 1965 NO. 10 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Springtime for sowing, summer for growing, 
Autumn for harvesting time is here; 

Winter for keeping, after the reaping, 
Bounty of summertime's end of the year. 

So we are living, keeping or giving, 
Seasons in coming quickly pass by. 

Where are we going? How are we rowing? 
Harvest time answers as moments fly. 

What are we doing? How are we viewing? 

Precious time passing, end drawing near; 
At season's closing, what our disposing? 

Harvest time answers to end of year. 

What of our reaping — what good be keeping? 

Do we have treasures in Heaven land? 
Have we been loving, God's blessings proving? 

Harvest time answers where we may stand. 

When we are nearing autumn time's clearing, 

Closer to winter season of rest, 
Close to our treasures, near to our pleasures, 

Harvest time answer if we be blest. 

Looking for waking, new season breaking, 
Winter rest over, springtime has come, 

Lifetime eternal, regions supernal, 
Harvest time answer r Heavenly Home. 

— J. I. Cover 




a religious 




monthly in 



of the 



of Tha Old B 

rethren Church. 




$1.50 per 







request. P 


hing Editor: 


Cover; Consulting Editor: 

Daniel F. 






Route, Box 

II 60, Sonora 




The Lord Jesus was speaking to a great multitude of 
Kis disciples on a Judean plain. He was teaching them 
truths so pro found , yet so simple, that His followers 
down through the ages would study, obey and love them. 
Jesus taught them there with authority, and we do well 
to recognize that authority today* These truths are 
for us if we are His disciples. 

Jesus' listeners were used to the law of Moses. "Eye 
for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot. 
burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe, 
and even life for life 11 was this law, and it had become 
a part of their way of life. But this Man was teaching 
them something different and teaching it with authority, 
Jesus taught,' "'Love your enemies, do good to them which 
hate you," bless them that eurse you, and pray for them 
which despite fully use you. And unto him that smiteth 
thee on the one cheek,.. 11 (What is He saying?) n offer 
also the other, 1 ' How can this be? Are we supposed to 
ask to be smitten again? 

We in. our time think we are used to this principle. 
But how would we reapond if we were used to "an eye for 
an eye n ? And are we as used to applying this principle 
as we think we are? Yes, we have been taught for gen- 
erations that we must not take up arms, but to promote 
peace ana-withdraw from all participation in war* 
Praise God that this true : doctrine has been and still 
is taught. According to our Lord's teaching, war is 
wrong for Christians." He says, "Blessed are -the peace- 
makers," " 

But this principle also enters into our daily rela- 
tionships with our brethren', "friends, acquaintances, and 
even those who would take -advantage of us. Perhaps here 
we could stand improvement. The Lord continues, "And 


him that taketh away thy cloke forbid not to take thy 
coat also. Give to every man that asketh of thee; and 
of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again. 
And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also 
to them likewise. " This rule asks that we treat with 
love even those who do not treat us that way. In the 
following verses Jesus points out that there is no par- 
ticular virtue in doing good only to them that do good 
to us or in loving only those who love us. But how 
ready we are to demand our rights, fair payment, and 
the return of everything that belongs to us. How in- 
dignant we become if we even suspect that we have suf- 
fered injustice. 

But with our friends and brethren, our reactions 
sometimes take the form of offenses or hurt feelings. 
It is said that a man cannot be offended but by one he 
loves and respects. Even sincere criticism sometimes 
brings offenses and stubbornness. This should not be. 
If we are to love and pray for our enemies, how much 
more our friends and brethren. If we are to turn the 
other cheek to him that smiteth us, how much more for- 
bearing and loving we should be to a brother or one who 
intends to help us. 

Now why should this principle become part of our 
lives? First ^of all, because Jesus taught this. Let 
us recognize His authority and His right to teach us 
even though we may not fully understand or know the 
reason. Second,. Matthew 5:44,45 tells us that we should 
love our enemies, bless them that curse us, do good to 
them that hate us, and pray for them that despitefully 
use us and persecute us, that we may be the children of 
our Father which i_s in heaven. VJe"™shoulTTeaHi'" ,: tcrbe 
like cur heavenly Father "for he is kind unto the un- 
thankful and to the evil." (Luke 6:35) Third, we should 
obey this teaching because it works. Anyone who has 
ever tested this principle of non-resistance, knows that 
it is effective. "A soft answer turneth away wrath: 
but grievous words stir up anger" is just as true now 
as when the wise man wrote it 3000 years ago. "Be ye 
therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heav- 
en is perfect." (Matthew 5:48) — L.G. 



- The Brethren are often accused of being weak on' the 
doctrine of justification by faith and of having * a low 
view of grace. We feel. the Brethren believe the New 
-Testament doctrine of salvation by faith alone, 

- We can see why those outside of the r faith would 

think that we were trying, to work our way to Heaven; 

(bec'ause they can not descern the spirit) also, only 

•those in the faith can see how weak and insufficient 

works are in themselves » 

The/ scriptures clearly teach that works alone will 
not save us. The rich young man had plenty; of works, 
yet he was lacking* The people at the judgement who 
will say, "Have we not done many worderful works? u no 
doubt, trusted in works alone* The scribes and phari>~ 
sees did.' many good works, but Jesus often refused them* 
We could even give our lives and it would profit us 
nothing if we only trusted in works. 
• 'We Can easily see how we could have works without 
•faith (which profit eth nothing) but in no way can we 
have the true faith and not have works,*.. 

The'se works; we mentioned before, we feel are good, - 
"and the 'Lord /requires them of His children, but it was 

the motive' in which they were done that the Lord could 
not accept them*.. So we need not fear works, but we 
need to .fear motiveo 9 

■ : -Works are cnly, a "by-product of a Christian life. 
If we have the'triis Spirit of God and- are earnestly 
trying to please KIm 5 we ne.ed not be concerned .about 
'works because they will be manifested*, 

.Only the true Christian can see how little works 
have to do with obtaining salvation, and that if we 
.honestly compare ourselves to the greatness of God we 
can clearly see that only Grace could save us. We all 
could we say with what Kenno Simons wrote over four' ' 
hundred years ago:' - .■,.--.= 

" Think not, beloved reader, that we boast of being 
perfect and without -sins. Not at all* As forme, I 


confess that often my prayer is mixed with sin and my 
righteousness with unrighteousness, for by the grace of 
God I feel (if I but observe the anointing which is in 
me) when I compare my weak nature to Christ and His 
commandment , what kind of flesh I have inherited from 
Adam. If God should judge us according to our deserts 
and not according to His great goodness and mercy, then 
I confess with the holy David that no man could stand 
before His judgment. Therefore it should be far from 
us that we should comfort ourselves with anything but 
the grace of God through Christ Jesus. For He it is 
and none other who has perfectly fulfilled the. right- 
eousness required by God, ,. For Christ T s sake we are in 
grace; for His sake we are heard; and for His sake our 
faults and failings which are committed against our will 
are remitted. For it is He who stands between His 
Father and His Imperfect children with His perfect 
righteousness, and with His innocent blood and death, 
and intercedes for all those who believe an Him. 

Notice, my dear reader , that we do not believe nor 
teach that we are to be saved by our merits and works. 

All the truly regenerated and spiritually-minded 
conform in all things to the word and ordinances of the 
Lord. Not because they think to merit the atonement 
of their sins and eternal life. By no means. In this 
matter they depend upon nothing except the true promise 
of the merciful Father, given in grace to all believers 
through the blood and merits of Christ.... A truly be- 
lieving Christian is thus minded that he will not do 
otherwise than that which the word of the Lord teaches 
and enjoins. 

I have read recently that they write that there is 
but one good work which saves us, namely faith, and but 
one .sin that will damn us, namely unbelief. I will let 
this pass without finding fault, for where there is a 
genuine, true faith there also are all manner of genuine 
good fruits. On the other hand, where there is unbe- 
lief there also are all manner of evil fruits. There- 
fore salvation is properly ascribed to faith, and 
damnation' to unbelief. — Kenneth Martin 

Nappanee, Indiana. 



A philosopher admonished a. group of intellectuals by 
stating, that many treat ideas the .same way sdme incur** 
able bachelors treat their girl friends* They flirt 
with them but never really settle down, "with one * - 
''''■ ' His counsel to his. friends was that they should have 
the courage to nistrry some, great idea and raise children* 
By' this he pointed out that the only fruitful approach 
intellectually. is finally- to end, the period of 'suspen- 
ded judgment and get on with. the business until new 
light" breaks* - • 

f '\\ Tf we. are to be responsible persons, we must commit 
"ourselves* We : must give up the dissipating luxury of 
"always living on suspended judgments. We need; to de- 
clare ourselves True education does hot draw persons 
away, from having, loyalties or making- real- commitments* 
Rather, it ..helps persons : look at their loyalties care- 
fully .arid 'honestly, to determine if they are worthy 
? oneso 

So'me .escape making decisions by forever asking 
■ questions and 'never coining to any answers, perhaps not 
even desiring an answer You see an answer always has 
.implications. It puts a person to work, 
: ' . Some time ago a missionary was speaking of one who 
never got things doxie because he was always asking ques- 
tions c Every approach to anything was preceded by so 
many : questions he .could not bring himself to do any- 
thing. Although questions are extremely important , yet 
'"it is true ..that we "can evade what needs to be done by 
all the time raising, questions* 

' "Finally this missionary said, "There comes 'a time 
when you must stop asking questions and get to work, n 
In other xords., I think he was saying- what the philoso- 
pher .said when" he ; ..stated., "Marry some .great, idea and 
: rais.e' children* fI Me must,.: if we are responsible- per- 
sons, .decide /on something and- then do what needs- Hx^ife 
done. . . ,' . , • .""■-" 

'- So,; real, scholars or '.. honest . persons- are not- those: who 
are uncofnmi tied -*.. . They are rather those who have loyal- 


ties and commitments which they believe in strongly and 
will defend. At the same time they attempt to be open 
to greater loyalties and commitments* 

Of course, there are opposite dangers. Some are 
satisfied if their thinking is never challenged. In 
fact, they feel threatened if anyone challenges their 
viewpoint or questions what has been done. Such seldom 
search their loyalties and commitments to see if they 
are worthy of holding. Some have about the same child- 
ish ideas they had years ago because they have never 
looked for new light. In fact, they fear it. 

But to live continually in the atmosphere of suspen- 
ded judgment is just as serious. Perhaps it is more 
dangerous because it gives a person no place to stand, 
Such, assuming that they have not arrived at an answer, 
can hardly be held responsible to follow any one course. 
They simply aren f t sure at this point. Persons can go 
either way the wind blows with the same amount of ease 
if they have not decided which direction they are de- 
termined to go. 

Christ's call is for committed disciples. To be His 
disciples means, of course, x^e are searchers for truth. 
It also means we are those who live by the truth as we 
now see it. . He does not call us to vague uncertainties 
but to that upon which we can stand with confidence. 
— Editorial In July 1965 Gospel Herald, 

Selected by Daniel F. Wolf, 

The members of the Salida congregation rejoiced again 
when a young husband, Fred Miller, accepted Christ and 
received baptism on September 12, 1965. May God guide 
him all his life, and may he be an inspiration to those 
who know him. —Daniel F. Wolf 

Our daily walk should be like one whose path goes 
about a mountain, but climbs a little higher with each 
circuit until at last he gains the clear summit and 
looks into the face of God. , 



Life is like a busy highway 

With the competion strong, 

You will need to watch your driving 

As you swiftly roll along. 

Watch the curves, the grades, the crossings, 

Ever mindful of your load. 

Keep your foot upon the throttle 

And your eyes upon the road. 

Do not fall for wine or liquor; 
•Keep your mind and vision clear. 
Thus avoid potential danger 
That we know 'is always near. 

You 'ID need help when you are driving; 
You'll need God, the Spirit, Son. 
Then when life's long journey's ended, 
■ You will hear the words', "Well done." 

-—Guy Hootman 


Who preach but- little and practise much, 
"Who act -their part w3.ll from choice and not from duty. 
Who do not tell .you, that your day of adversity will 
also come, : 

Who find more pleasure in being pleasant than in re- 
counting what is unpleaaant. 

Who beleive that most things are possible, and are 
ready to give encouragement to everybody. 
Who do not claim to be good but prove by their actions 
that they are. 

Who think that sound doctrine should be lived more and 
talked less. 

Who do not tell you that you ought to be cheerful, but 
instead make you feel that way. 

— Selected by Martha Cover 






I, Master John Huss, in hope, servant of Christ, and 
ardently believing that believers in Christ may not, 
when I shall have ceased to live, find in my death an 
opportunity for scandal, and lock on me as an obstinate 
heretic, do take to witness Jesus Christ, for the sake 
of whose word I have wished to die; and I leave in writ- 
ing the remembrance of these things for the friends of 

I had often declared, both in private, in public, 
and before the Council, that I would consent to an in- 
quiry, and would submit myself to instruction, abjura- 
tion, and punishment, if it was demonstrated to me that 
I had written, taught, or disseminated, any thing con- 
trary to the truth. But fifty doctors, who stated that 
they were deputed by the Council, having been frequent- 
ly corrected by me, and even in public, for having false- 
ly extracted articles from my works, refused me any pri- 
vate explanation, and declared that they would not con- 
fer with me, saying, You ought to submit yourself to the 
decision of the Council. And the Council mocked when, 
in the public audience, I quoted the words of Christ and 
the holy doctors; at one time they reproached me with 

. misunderstanding them, and, at another, the doctors in- 
sulted me. 

\ An English doctor, who had already said to me in pri- 

vate, that Wycliffe had wished to annihilate all science, 
and had filled his books and his logic with errors, be- 
gan to discourse on the multiplication of the body of 
Christ in the consecrated host, and, as his arguments 
were weak, he was told to be silent; then he cried out: 


"This man deceives the Council; take care that the 
Council be not led into error as it was by Berenger." 
When he was silent, another discussed noisily concern- 
ing the created and common essence. All began to clamor 
against him. I then demanded that he might be heard , 
and said to him, "You argue well; I will answer you most 
willingly* " Ke also broke down, and he added in a sul- 
len voice: "This man is a heretic." The Seignior 
Wenceslaus Duba, John de Chlum, and Peter, the notary, 
valiant champions and friends of the truth, know what 
clamors, what unworthy raillery and blasphemies were 
poured upon me in this assembly. Stunned by so much, 
I said, "I thought there was to be found in this Council, 
more decency, more piety, and more discipline." All 
then began to listen, for the. Emperor had commanded si- 
lence to- be observed, 

The cardinal who presided said to me — "You spoke more 
humbly in your prison." I answered — "It is true; for 
then no one clamored against me, and now they are all 
vociferous." He added — "Will you submit to an investi- 
gation"? n "I consent to it," replied I, "within the 
limits which I have fixed." "Take this for the result 
of the inquiry," resumed the cardinal, "that the doctors 
have declared the articles extracted from your books to 
be errors, which you ought to efface, in abjuring those 
already testified against you by witnesses." The Emper- 
or afterwards said — "This will soon be committed to 
writing for you, and you will answer it." "Let that be 
done at the next auflience, " said the cardinal; and the 
sitting closed. God knows how many trials I have suf- 
fered since! 



The Lord be with you I The warning of the Lord is 
more precious to me than gold and topaz. I hope, then, 
in the mercy of Jesus Christ, that he will grant me his 
spirit, that I may hold fast in the truth. Pray to the 
Lord; for the spirit is willing and the flesh is weak. 


May the Almighty God be the reward of my well-beloved 
Nobles, who with a constant, fervent, and faithful heart , 
persevere in justice. God will enable them to know the 
truth in the kingdom of Bohemia. But that they may 
cling to it, it is necessary they -return to Bohemia, 
forgetting vainglory in order to attach themselves to 
a King who is neither mortal nor subject to our miseries, 
but who is the King of Glory, giving eternal life. 

Oh! with what sweet pleasure did I press the hand of 
the Seignior John, who did not blush to offer it to me, 
an unfortunate man — to me, a heretic, in chains, de- 
spised and loudly condemned by. all. I shall not much 
longer hold discourse with you; salute, therefore, our 
faithful Bohemians. 

Paletz came to visit me. In prison/ and accosted me 
in my deep distress, by telling me, in presence of the 
Commissioners, that since the birth of Christ, there 
had risen no heretic- more dangerous than Wycliffe and 
myself. He further declared, that all those who have 
listened to my, preachings are infected with this heresy, 
which consists in affirming that the material bread re- 
mains in the sacrament of the altar. "0 Paietz," I 
answered, "how cruel are these words!' and how much thou 
sinnest against me. I am about to die; perhaps when I 
rise from my bed I shall be conducted to the stake. 
VJhat reward will they give thee in Bohemia? » I should 
have perhaps abstained from writing these things, for 
fear of appearing to hate them. 

I have ever kept in mind these words, "Put not your 
• trust in princes;" and this other text, which says, 
"Cursed is he .who trusts in man only." ... 

Be prudent, r ; f or the sake of God, whether you should 
remain in this place, or whether you return; do not 
carry about you any of my letters, but disperse my writ- 
* ing amongst all pur friends. . 

Learn that I have had a great combat to sustain, in 
not wondering at my dreams. r dreamed of the Pope's 
evasion before it took place, and after the event being 
-related, I heard, in the mighttime, the Seignior John 
say, "The Pope will return to you." I have dreamed of 
Master Jerome r s captivity, but not in what way. "it should 


occur; and likewise of the different prisons to which 
I should be conducted, such as they were afterwards as- 
signed to me , but without any particular details,., 
A multitude of serpents often presented themselves be- 
fore me , rolled up into a circle, the head forming the 
tail. I have seen many other things besides. 

I write this, not that I consider myself a prophet, 
or that I should exalt myself, but in order to tell you 
I have experienced both mental and bodily temptations, 
as well as great fear of transgressing the precepts of 
our Lord Jesus Christ. I think now of these words of 
Jerome, who said to me, n If I go to Constance, I do not 
believe I shall return thence," A worthy shoe-maker, 
Andre Polonus, said, whilst bidding me farewell, "May 
God be with you: I can hardly hope that you will return 
safe and sound, very dear Master John, you who cling 
with so much force to truth. May the King, not he of 
Hungary, but of Heaven, bestow on you his blessings for 
the true and excellent doctrines I have learned from 


(From "Great Voices of the Reformation" — Fosdick) 



This hymn which expressed faith, hope and consola- 
tion, in the midst of trials, temptations, and sorrows, 
was written by Horatio Gates Spafford. He was born in 
New York State on October 30, 1828 and later became a, 
lawyer While connected with an institution in Chicago 
as professor of medical jurisprudence, he lost a great 
part, of his fortune, by the great fire which swept that 
city* This disaster was followed by the loss of his . 
children on the steamer, Ville de Havre, November '22, 
187% : So, at the age of 45 Spafford had suffered not 
only great financial loss but the loss of his children. 
He mu,st have been a devout Christian,' for he wrote his 
hymn of submissive faith at the end o£ this same/ year, 

-A friend of Spafford* s ..who knew Ms history read 
this hymn whilie repining under an inferior affliction 


of his own. "If he can feel like that after suffering 
what he has suffered" he said, "I will"' cease my com- 

It might not have been the weight of Mr. Spaffords 
sorrows wearing him down, but one would infer some men- 
tal disturbance in the man seven or eight years later. 
"In 1881" writes Mr. Hubert P. Main, "he went to Jeru- 
salem under the hallucination that he was a second Mes- 
siah and died there on the seventh anniversary of his 
landing in Palestine, September 5, 1888. 

The experiences of Mr. Spafford remind us of Job l s 
life somewhat, only it seems that the later years of 
their lives were quite different. 

The sentiments of this hymn remind us of what the 
Apostle Paul wrote in Philippians 4. "I have learned 
-in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content. ' I 
know both how to be abased, and I, know how to abound: 
everywhere and in'" all things I am instructed both to be 
full and to be hungry, both to abound and to suffer 
need. I can do all things through Christ which strenth- 
eneth me." 

When peace like a river, attendeth my way, 

When sorrows, like sea billows, roll; 

Whatever my lot, thou hast taught me to say, 

It Is well, it Is well with my soul. 

Tho r Satan should buffet, tho 1 trials should come, 
Let this blest assurance control, 
That Christ hath regarded my helpless estate, 
And hath shed His own blood for my soul. 

My sin, oh, the bliss of this glorious tho't — 
My sin— not in part, but the whole, 
Is nailed to His cross and I bear it no more, 
Praise the Lord, praise the Lord, rny soul. 

Oh, Lord, haste the day when my faith shall be sight, 
The clouds be rolled back as a scroll, 
The trump shall resound, and the Lord shall descend, 
"Even so"— It is well with my soul. 

(Chorus) It is. well with my soul, 

It is well, it is well with my soul. 

— J #L«C. 

14 : ______ THE PILGRIM 


-With these words, our Lord Jesus Christ recognised the 
authority of this famous Old Testament character. Isaiah 
had prophesied in the days of Hezeklah that Hezekiah's 
descenders would be taken away and would become servants 
in the palace of the king of Babylon. This prophecy was 
fulfilled when Daniel and his friends ; w r ere taken to Baby- 
lon as prisoners of war under Nebuchadnezzar. 

The Bible is., silent about Daniel's family , but he 
seems to have been of either the royalty or the nobili- 
ty. .It is thought that he was yet in his teens when he 
was- taken-- to Babylon. Someone surely must have been 
diligent with his religious upbringing. Can we imagine 
for a moment what it would .be like 'for such a young man 
to be taken hundreds of miles from home into a strange 
country, among .a strange people, with a strange language, 
with strange customs, and with a strange religion? 

It was soon noticed that Daniel posessed above aver- 
age ability, and so he was selected to be trained for 
service in the king*s palace. Daniel's Hebrew name, 
which meant h God is my judge 11 ., was at once replaced with 
"Belteshazaar 11 after 'the name of Nebuchadnezzar 1 s Idol 
god. No doubt this was intended to eliminate any sug- 
gestion of his responsibility to the true God. Arrange- 
ments were made to ^supply Daniel with a portion of the 
same food which the king ate. This was not consistent 
with Hebrew food laws, and Daniel had definite convic- 
tions against conforming to the ways of the heathen. 
n Bat Daniel purposed in his heart' 1 is the way the Bible 
puts it, and we believe this was no half-hearted notion 
of what ought to be done, but a deep resolve based upon 
a genuine faith in God. 

And how wonderfully God honored this faith by bring- 
ing Daniel into favor with his political masters and 
giving him a pleasing physical appearance as well as 
skill in all learning and wisdom and understanding in 
all visions and dreams. When, at the end of his train- 
ing period, Daniel was commanded to appear before the 


king for examination, he" was found to be TEM- times bet- 
ter than all the wise men in the kingdom. This is a 
tremendous statement — not just better or' even twice as 
good but TEW times betterl 

It is interesting to notice the high esteem in which 
Daniel was held by those ; of his own generation. The 
Babylonian monarch Nebuchadnezzar elevated him to the 
highest position in the government next to himself and 
testified that the spirit of the holy gods was- in hirru 
The contemporary prophet Ezekiel compared him with Noah 
and Job as a model of righteousness. Greater than these, 
however, was a visitation by the angel Gabriel who ad- 
dressed him as n greatly beloved 15 . 

It has^ been estimated that more than ten thousand 
volumnes have been written about the Book of Daniel. 

" — JHarold Royer 
Elkhart , Indiana 



One of ^ Jesus T first sermons is called the "Sermon 
on the Mount o" He spoke It from a mountain to a great 
crowd of His disciples. He taught them, this: "Ye are 
the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill 
cannot be hid. Neither do men light a candle, and put 
it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and It giveth 
light unto all that 'are In -the house. Let your light 
so shine before men, that they may see your good works, 
and glorify your Father which is in heaven." 

Jesus is telling us here that if we are His people, 
we are like lights that shine in the night. He says 
that we' are the light of the' world. This is because 
the world Is in the "darkness of- sin, and the only light 
comes from Jesus through His people. Then He tells us 
that if a city is on a hill it cannot be hid. And if 
men light a candle, they do not put it under a basket 
but on a candlestick so that it -can shine and light' the 
house. It would not make very good sense, would it, if 
we would turn on a light and immediately cover it so it 


could not shine, Jesus wants us to shine and be seen 
like a city on a hill or a candle on a candlestick. 

The people who believe in Jesus are different from 
those who do not. Those who do not are in the dark, 
and Jesus calls on His people to be seen, be happy, 
and do good before others to show His light to those 
who are in the dark. 

So. let us not be ashamed to be known as believers 
in Jesus, Let us be glad that we have the light and 
let us let our lights shine* — L.C. 

Jesus bids us shine, with a clear, pure light, 
Like a little candle burning in the night; 
In this world of darkness, we must shine, 
You in your small corner, and I in mine, 

Jesus bids us shine, first of all for Him; 
' Well He sees and knows it if our light is dim; 
He looks "down- from heaven, sees us shine, 
You in your small corner, and I in mine, 

Jesus bids us shine, then for all around, 
Many kinds of darkness in this world abound, 
Sin and want and sorrow; we must shine, 
You in your small corner and I in mine, 

Jesus, bids us shine, as we work for Him, 
Bringing those that wander from the paths of sin; 
He'will ever help us, If we shine, 
You in your small corner, and I in mine. 

Just being glad is a brave thing to do; 
Looking for the glad things rather than the blue; 
Filling life with sunshine, just a steady glow; 
Looking for the glad things everywhere we go, — Sel, 


The Salida Congregation have set November 6th and 7th 
for our Fall Love feast Meeting. A hearty invitation Is 
extended to members and friends to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 


VOL. 12 NOVEMBER, 1965 NO, 11 

"Dearly beloved, \ beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Thanksgiving comes* but once a jrear, 

And yet the whole year ' round 
The heart of love 9 the heart of cheer 

Will make a joyful sound; 
And we who keep Christ's loving way 

Will have Thanksgiving every day. 

.Thanksgiving comes but once a year-, 

But harvests need not wait; 
We can cast all our doubt and fear 

Daily, and soon or late 
Find harvests in our hearts that shine 

.More fair than wheat fields can design. 

Rejoice on this Thanksgiving Day 

That it peed have no end; 
That every' hour in every way 

Life is a steadfast friend 
To all who practice well the art 

Of true Thanksgiving in the heart! 

by Eleanor Halbrook Zimmerman 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the 
members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $1.50 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 
Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora, Calif. 


Thanksgiving to God for general and special blessings 
that we are continually receiving is always in place — 
our duty, privelege, and joy. God has revealed Himself 
to us in His Word; He has created us, preserves us, and 
has provided for us in a wonderful way, and has promised 
us "the life that now is, and that which is to come 11 — 
provided we follow after godliness. 

Thanksgiving to God indicates that we have had the 
fulfillment of a promise or promises from Him. We have 
indeed many "exceeding great and precious promises; that 
by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, 
having escaped the corruption that is in the world 
through lust." What wonderful cause we have for thanks- 
giving for this I 

The fulfilling of God's promises to us is like the 
gentle spring rain, so wonderfully refreshing, reviving, 
and inducing to growth and maturity.. God sends His 
rain of blessings on the "just and unjust": all mankind 
are indebted to Kim. 

It is possible to be ungrateful for blessings. We 
read, "Because that when they knew God, they glorified 
him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain 
in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was 

Dear reader, we are approaching the time of the year 
of a general Thanksgiying Day. It may be there will be 
a display of much bounty, immoderate eating, and heavy 
drinking, so that the purpose of true thankfulness may 
be forgotten and darkened by our attitude and forget- 
fulness! Again we read: "For who maketh thee to differ 
from another? and what hast thou that thou didst not 
receive ? Now if thou didst receive it why dost thou 
glory as if thou hast not received it?" How vain and 


self-important it is possible to become I 

Let us recount, assess, and estimate our many bless- 
ings — the pledges of God's love to us — especially the 
greatest blessing and gift to humanity, God's only Son, 
our Lord Jesus Christ "who has abolished death, and hath 
brought life and immortality to light through the gos- 
pel." "Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift." 
May we be truly thankful to God every day; and may this 
coming Thanksgiving Day be spent in prayers and songs 
of thankfulness, 

Lord. "to Thee on high 
Who does my needs supply, 

I raise my song. 
Thy mercies full and free 
On every hand I see, 
Thy tender care for me 

To keep from wrong. 

1 praise Thee that Thy grace 
Saves from a fallen race 

Who come to Thee. 
Thy power can make me whole 
And fully save my soul; 
Where ceaseless ages roll, 

There I may be. 

May all who know Thy ways, 
All join in songs of praise, 

Thy name to own. 
Guide us along the way, 
That we may never stray, 
Till we may praise and pray 

Around Thy throne. 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonora , California 

Give thanks part of the time and live thanks the rest 
of the time. — Selected 



In St. Matthew 6:34 we read, "Take therefore no 
thought for the morrow, " These words, or their proper 
interpretation, which came from the lips of Him who is 
the Way, the Truth and the Life have their essential 
and highly needful place in the Christian life, hut if 
confined to the simple or literal meaning of those words 
they would seem out of harmony with the overall requi- 
sites of Christian life and conduct. For to sow wheat 
in the ground this fall we simply hope for a rewarding 
harvest next summer if God gives the increase, If 
sowing the wheat were the only objective in itself, 
then work would be empty and fruitless. But the funda- 
mental law in nature is that seed time must precede 
harvest time which is the final and full fruitage of 
our earthly labors. 

In the great work of God ! s creation, what a beautiful 
analogy we see in the many forms in nature that so 
beautifully parallel the divine laws and characteristics 
of the divine and spiritual life and Its attainments 
which so far transcend the earthly realm as the heaven 
is high above the earth. Thus the spiritual seed time 
and its consequent harvest time are of first, greatest, 
and unequaled value, Of this harvest we read In Revela- 
tion 14:14-16, John saw a white cloud on which one sat 
like unto the Son of man, having in. his hand a sharp 
sickle, and another angel cried unto him, "Thrust in 
thy sickle; for the'- harvest of the earth is ripe," 
This we believe to be when He will send and gather His 
elect from the four winds of the earth. But following 
this will be another angel also having a sharp sickle 
thrusting in his sickle to gather the vine of the earth, 
cast it into the great wine press of the wrath of God; 
and blood will flow even to'"* the- horse bridles, 

Ohi the seriousness of the apostle's declaration, 
"Whatsoever a man soweth that shall he also reap." 
Someday tares and fruits of unrighteousness must reap 
the everlasting burnings. Hear the words of John the 
forerunner of Christ whose fan is in his hand and he 


will throughly purge his floor , and gather the wheat 
into the garner; but he will burn the chaff with un- 
quenchable fire. Who can fathom the magnitude of the 
glory of the illustrious harvest when the saints of all 
ages and the -dear loved ones who have been severed from 
our presence can' again embrace each other in the full- 
ness of eternal duration. "0 the depth of the riches 
both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearch- 
able are his judgments/ and his ways past finding out!" 
Who can fathom the depth of the tragedy, the misery, 
the woe, and the sadness of those who have sowed to the 
flesh, enjoyed the fleeting pleasures of sin for but a 
very brief season, fail to reach the glorious harvest 
of joy in the kingdom of God, and must now be consigned 
to the everlasting.- condemnation and judgments of 
Almighty God? -Dear ones, let us be diligent in sowing 
and. cultivating the works of righteousness that the 
harvest may be ETERNAL LIFE. 

• — David A. Skiles 

Rossville, India'na 


Thanksgiving is a state of mind, 

It isn't a feast or a day; 
It's the joy you feel within your heart 

For blessings God sends your way. 

It's the knowledge that God is good, 
That His. is a boundless supply; 

That you need but to ask in faith 
To make all your good multiply. 

Whenever you* re prompted to praise 

As you kneel in the silence to pray — 

When joy and "love call forth your thanks- 
You are proclaiming Thanksgiving Day. 

By Rae Cross 

Selected by Martha Cover 

6 _. .. ._. THE ..PILGRIM 


With this fall season comes a development that could 
be cause for thanksgiving around the world. The Roman 
Catholic Vatican Council -has passed a resolution on 
religious liberty stating the right of every man to 
obey his own conscience as long "as he does not invade 
the rights of others. (This they have announced, how- 
ever, without surrendering their own claim to "superior 
truth 11 .) Adding weight to this declaration was the 
pope's visit to New York and the United Nations preach- 
ing peace. This was the first visit of a pope to the 
United States, 

This statement of religious liberty is in contrast 
to the historic Catholic position that "error has no 
rights. " Of course , it Is just one evidence of the 
seeming "softening 11 of the Roman Church toward protes- 
tants and the world in general. 

However, it remains to be seen whether or not this 
will be a real softening in areas where Catholics are 
in power, One thing seems certain: changes are coming. 
In assessing these changes it is well to bear in mind 
that this same power has been treacherous and brutal 
in the past. Our "Historical" section in this issue 
is only one of perhaps millions of instances. The new 
position seems to come largely from pressure from 
American Catholics. So it may not mean too much in 
actual practice in areas like Spain and Latin America. 

We can be thankful for these signs of softening if 
they actually mean the easing of hardship for Christian 
people in some areas, but we should also remember that 
there have been tliaes, and It seems to be now, when men 
say "Peace, peace," when there is no peace.. The day of 
the Lord mentioned in I Thessaionians 5*2 will come in 
a time when men shall say, "Peace and safety;" then 
sudden destruction cometh upon them. 

The question is: Can this great, treacherous power 
known as the Roman Church be trusted in this instance? 
Let them prove by actions rather than words that they 
really mean this pronouncement ' about religious liberty 
for all men t — L.C. 



The value of the legacy which Frances Ridley Havergal 
left to humanity is beyond reckoning. 

The youngest child of the family of Rev, W. H. 
Havergal , she was petted and made much of, partly on 
account of delicacy of health, and because she was such 
a lovable child. But this did not spoil her character, 
as from her teens she seemed to have felt conscious of 
religion, and to have desired a life of service to 

Never strong, her constitution was taxed to the ut- 
most by her arduous and varied labors and correspon- 

Not only in poetry did Frances Havergal excel, but 
in music also* She set some of her poems to melody. 
Her religious spirit was a buoyant one,, and all her 
hymns are manifestations of that serene happiness she 
had been able to achieve. Her song of faith and praise 
never tired; she had a living joy in serving her Master. 

Once in speaking to friends of her early life, she 
related that when she was fourteen, all her morbidness, 
fears and doubts seemed to be lifted, and ever after- 
ward nothing but happiness filled her being. 

Her well-known hymn "I Gave My Life for Thee 11 first 
appeared in "Good Words 11 . It was written in Germany 
when Frances was staying there with friends. 

It was in the year 188Q, according to her sister, 
that Frances had come in weary, and had sat down oppo- 
site a picture with -that motto. At once the lines 
flashed upon her, and she wrote them in pencil on a 
scrap of paper. When she read them over, they did not 
satisfy her. She tossed them into the fire, but they 
fell out unmarked. Some months later she showed them 
to her father and he encouraged her to preserve them. 
He wrote the tune "Baca" especially for them. 

Her life work finished, Frances Havergal died at 
Caswell Bay, near Swansea, England. She was only forty- 


three * The many hymns that she wrote will continue to 
live and bring comfort to all who use them. 

I gave My life for thee, 

My precious blood I shed, 
That thou might' st ransomed be, 

And quickened from the dead; 
I gave, I gave My life for thee, 
What hast thou given for Me? 

My Father's house of light, 

My glory-circled throne 
I left for earthly night, 

And wanderings sad and lone; 
I left, I left it all for thee, 
Hast thou left aught for Me? 

I suffered much for thee, 

More than thy tongue can tell, 

Of bitterest agony, 

To rescue thee from hell; 

I've borne, I've borne it all for, thee, 

What hast thou borne for Me? 

And I have brought to thee, 

Down from My home, above, 
Salvation full and free, 

My pardon arid Xy love: 
I bring, I bring rich gifts to thee, 
What hast thou brought to Me? 

From ".Stories of Wonderful Hymns" 
by Kathleen Blanchard 

This, is the Fathers world; 

01 let us ne'er forget 
That though the wrong may oft be strong, 

God is the ruler yet. 

Selected by Orpha Wagner 



It is good 

To set aside a day when we remember 
; That the beauty about us — 
The land, the sea, the sky, 
And all that is, 

Is not as a result of our power, 
But really, truly 
Because of the Divine love 
And providence of God 
Who cares. 

Father, instill in us 

A right spirit, 

So that what we see 

Is not so much 

The many things we have 

For our own, 

But what others do not have 

To call their own. 

Thus — in this light 

Let us be thankful. 

Thanksgiving — quite inexpressible in words 

Yet adequately expressed 

In little deeds or silent gifts 

That arise spontaneously 

Almost sympathetically 

When the chord of love is struck. 

Thus, in- the touch of a moment 

We express something almost inexpressible 

And we give thanks. 

Selected by Suzie Wagner 

The Lord knows our thoughts. If we think about sweet 

and lovely things, we need not be ashamed to have Him 

know what we think about. n _ '. 




MARY YOST, daughter of Daniel M. and Hannah Wise 
Miller, was born in Carroll County, Indiana, January 3> 
1891. She departed this life October 27, 1965 at the 

age of 74 years, 9 months and 24 days, at the Home 
Hospital, Lafayette, Indiana where she had been admitted 
a few hours earlier with a severe heart attack. 

She was united in marriage with Silas S. Yost Decem- 
ber 23. 1915, He preceded her in death October 28, 
1953- To this union was born one son, Lester M., who 
survives with his wife, Georgia, Also surviving are 
two granddaughters, Aurelia Howard and Clarice Ruber 
and their companions, and two great-grandchildren, 
Gregory and Donna Howard. 

She was a member of The Old Brethren Church to which 
she remained faithful until death. 

She was anointed in May following her first heart 
attack, from which she received much consolation. 

She grieved that she had been unable to attend ser- 
vices the last year and could no longer entertain the 
members and children in her home. She lived in this 
community most of her life and will be greatly missed 
by her family, church, neighbors and friends. 

Funeral services were at Sullivan Funeral Home, 
Camden, Indiana, October 30, 1>65 3 conducted by Brethren 
Paul Clark, D. A, Skiles, and Elmer Brovant; scripture 
reading: 23rd Psaln, Isaiah 57*1,2,19,20,21, Hebrews: 
4:9; Text: Si* John ,. 14*1, 2 ,3, Revelation 21:1-7; Hymns: 
384,392, Burial was at Wise Cemetery near her home. 
Graveside service was conducted by Brother Melvin Coning. 
Hymn 456 was sung. 

. —The Family 

There is an hour of peaceful rest 

To mourning wanderers given; 
There is a joy for souls distressed, 
A balm for every wounded breast: 
'Tis found alone in Heaven. 
Hymn 466 



(Continuing our Historical selections on. "The Reform- 
ation", we have for this issue the story of another 
martyr and hero of the Truth.) 


In less than a year from the execution of John Huss, 
the same scene of injustice and barbarity was acted a 
second time, though with some variety of circumstances, 
in the same polluted theatre, Jerome, master in theol- 
ogy in the university of Prague, and a layman, . was the 
disciple of John Huss* Huss (says Aeneas Sylvius) was 
superior in age and authority; but Jerome was held, more 
excellent in learning and eloquence. While the former 
presided in the chair, the latter delivered his lectures 
In the schools; and the same opinions were taught with 
equal zeal and effect by the one and by the other. In 
the troubles, which had been excited through those opin- 
ions, Jerome had had, perhaps, the greater share; there 
was at least no favorable feature to distinguish his 
offence from that of his master. Accordingly he was 
summoned to Constance soon after the meeting of the 
Council; and he appeared there on the 4th of April, 1415* 
not unprepared for the treatment which awaited him. It 
should be observed that he also obtained a safe-conduct 
from the Emperor; -.but that in his case the conditional 
clause, salva semper justitia, was inserted; whereas 
that of Huss contained no such provision. 

At his first audience (on May 23rd) he exhibited 
great firmness; but at the second, which took place on- 
ly thirteen days after the execution of Huss, it was ex- 
pected that the impression made by that frightful exam- 
ple would render him more tractable. And so assuredly 
it proved; for on his third examination (on September 
11th) he submitted, after suffering much insult and in- 
timidation, to make a formal and solemn retractation. 
He 'anathematized all heresies, and especially that of 


Wiclif and Huss with which he had been previously in- 
fected; he denounced the various articles which ex- 
pressed it as blasphemous, erroneous, scandalous; and 
offensive to pious ears, rash, and seditious; and pro- 
fessed his absolute adhesion to all the tenets of the 
Roman Church . . . T 

It was admitted that, in this mournful exhibition of 
human inconstancy, he had- satisfied every demand which 
was made upon his weakness, both in substance and in 
form; nevertheless he was still retained in confinement. 
After a short space, his enemies pressed forward with 
new charges against him. They found many eager listen- 
ers among the members of the Council; and Gerson himself 
again took up the pen of bigotry, and again sought to 
dip it in blood, Matters continued thus until the 23rd 
of May, 1415, when a final and public audience was 
granted to his repeated entreaties. On this occasion 
he recalled, with sorrow and shame, his former retrac- 
tation, and openly attributed, the unworthy act to its 
real and only motive — the fear of a painful death. 

His bitterest foes desired no further proof against 
him; and only seven days were allowed to elapse before 
he was condemned- and executed on the ' same spot which 
had been hallowed -by the sufferings of his master. 
The courage ^ which had c-bAiidoned him In the anticipa- 
tion of the flexes, returned with redoubled force as 
he approached them. The executioner would have kindled 
the fagots behind his back: "Place the fire before mo, n 
he exclaimed; "if I had dreaded it, I could have escaped 
it. ir . M Suc'h( (says Poggio the Florentine) was the end of 
a man .incredibly excellent, 1 was an eye-witness to 
that catastrophe , and beheld every act. I know not 
whether it was obstinacy or incredulity which moved 
him; but his death was like that of some one of the 
philosophers of .antiquity. Mutius Scaevola placed his 
hand in the flame-, and Socrates drank the poison with 
less firmness and" spontaneousness, than Jerome present- 
ed his body to the torture of the fire.' 1 . 

Whatsoever may have been the" respective excellence," 
In their living or in their martyrdom, of these two 
venerable heralds of the Reformation, the conduct of 


the Council was not at all less iniquitous in respect 
to its second^ than to its first 'victim* If in the one 
instance the violation of the safe-conduct displayed 
unblushing perfidy, the contempt of the retractation 
was at least as shameless in the other, The first crime 
was followed by no remorse; it seems rather to have led 
to the more calm and deliberate perpetration of the 
second. The principle by which the deeds were justified 
«* was never j for an instant, questioned in either case. 
And we should, at the same time, bear in mind (for it 
is a consideration deserving repeated notice,) that this 
was not a principle exclusively papal- — no peculiar eman- 
ation from the apostolical chair or the Court of Rome- 
it was a principle strictly ecclesiastical, animating 
the Council as the representative of the Church, and 
inflaming the individual bosom of the churchmen who 
composed it. It was embraced by the French and English, 
as warmly as by the Italians themselves; nor was it 
pressed to any greater extremity by the champions of 
ecclesiastical corruption, than by the men who called 
themselves its reformers. 

From Waddington* s "History of the Church", 

Come to the church, 

To the little white church; 

Good sermons you 1 11 hear, 

And God will seem near 

As you praise Him and pray 

In an old fashioned way 

In the plain little church in the valley. 

Come to the church, 

To the little white church; 

A welcome receive 

From those who believe 

That Christ is the Lord 

As we read in His word 

In the little plain church in the valley. 

— Guy Hootman 

14 ' ' ' THE ; PILGRIM 



St # Luke, the Bible * s only Gentile author, was a man 
of many accomplishments, He was a physician, a mission- 
ary, a first-rate reporter, and a literary craftsman 
whose writing will bear comparison with that of Shake- 
speare and Dante. 

He "wrote two of the books of the New Testament — the 
third Gospel, which bears his name, and the Acts of the 
Apostles, which records the history of the early church, 

Luke does not tell much about himself but from his 
few personal references and from remarks about him in 
St. Paul's letters, scholars have concluded that he was 
a Greek doctor in Antioch, the first great center of 
Gentile Christianity. 

The practice of medicine in Luke's day was by no 
means as primitive as patronising moderns are apt to 
think. By the First Century A.D.. , Greek doctors had 
learned to set broken bones and perform surgical oper- 
ations on such delicate parts of the human anatomy as 
the eye and brain. 

It was not until the beginning of the 19th Century 
that medical science advanced materially beyond the 
point it had reached under the Greeks. 

To say that Luke was a physician then is to say he 
was a member of a scientific community whose standards 
and achievements still deserve the highest respect. 

Luke may have been converted to Christianity by the 
preaching of St* Paul. In any event, he joined the 
Apostle's missionary team on Paul's second voyage 
through Asia Minor, Luke worked at Philippi for a time 
as resident evangelist. 

He also lived at Caesarea for two years while Paul 
was imprisoned there, and accompanied Paul on his final 
journey to Rome, In his letters, Paul speaks of Luke 
warmly as "my fellow worker 11 and "the beloved physician* " 
In one letter written from prison not long before he was 


put to death, Paul says poignantly that "only Luke is 
with me." 

Luke's reputation as a reporter rests solidly upon 
the Book of Acts, which is an extremely detailed account 
of the events that took place in the Christian community 
during the earliest years of the church — from the- time 
of Christ's Ascension, about 30 A.D., until Paul's . . 
arrival in Rome, about 60 A.D. 

Luke is specific about people (he mentions 11.0 in- 
dividuals by name), places, times, and happenings* 
Biblical scholars have cross-checked every statement 
he makes against historical and archaeological evidence 
from all other available sources, and they have univer- 
sally substantiated his accuracy. 

To survive such close critical scrutiny without be- 
ing caught in a major error is a remarkable testimonial 
to a reporter who did not have librarians, researchers 
and sharp-eyed editors to keep him out of trouble. 

But Luke's greatest contribution is the Gospel he 
wrote (as he explained in a preface) to provide ,l an 
orderly account 1 ' of the life and ministry of Jesus 
Christ # 

The noted scholar Ernst Renan called Luke's Gospel 
"the most beautiful book ever written," Many other 
readers would second that verdict . 

It opens with what Is perhaps the most beloved pass- 
age In all literature— the Nativity story. 

Some of Luke's material duplicates that found in 
other Gospels. But posterity is indebted to Luke alonee 
for handing down the parables of the Prodigal Son, the 
Good Samaritan, and the Good Shepherd's Search for the 
Lost Sheep. 

Luke was particularly concerned to show how much Jesus 
cared for the poor and the outcast. Through vividly told 
narratives which have lost none of their impact over the 
past 20 centuries, he , communicates more effectively than 
any other Gospel writer' a sense of the compassion, under- 
standing and forgiveness men encountered in Jesus. 

By Louis Cassels in "The Stockton Record" 
Selected by Marvin Crawmer 


" ; "0 GIVE ■■ THANKS" ' 

This is the month when we have Thanksgiving Day, s 
day. of special thanks to God for all His blessings. The 
first settlers of this country set aside a day of Thanks- 
giving after their first successful crops were harvested 
in the new land. And this custom has been continued 
down through the years. 

Perhaps we can make a list of things we should be 
thankful for this year. And maybe you can think of 
other things as well. Let us remember that all the good 
gifts and blessings in our lives are from God. 

First, we should be thankful for good parents that 
love us and take care of us. We can show our thankful- 
ness for our parents by obeying them and pleasing them. 

We should be thankful to God most of all for Jesus, 
what He has done, and what He has taught to us. Ma 
should thank Kim for His Church where we learn to know 
and serve Hini and to love His people. 

Then we have gifts that we enjoy every day like food 
to eaty clothes to wear, beds to sleep in, toys to play 
with^ work to do ; schools where we can learn, teachers 
to help us learn, friends to know, and even the good, 
clear air that we breath* God gives us all these good 
gifts and many more - 

Vie can thank God for a good country where the govern- 
ment allows Christians to worship as they know is pleas-* 
ing to God, Our country makes good laws and protects 
those who are trying to do right. God wants us to pray 
for our country's leaders and be thankful for them. 

Each boy and girl also has his own special things to 
be thankful for. Everyone should thank God for his own 
abilities and make good use of them. You can make your 
own special list of good blessings and remember to be 
thankful for them — not only on this Thanksgiving Day, 
but every day of the year. — L.C. 



VOL. 12 DECEMBER, 1965 NO. 12 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


A ray of light in darkest night, 
. The Eden glow returning, 
And breaking day in colors gay, 
Of lovelight brightly burning. 

Oh Morning Star that lights from far, 
When hosts of angels singing, 

At Jesus' birth come down to earth, 
Salvation* s glory winging. 

With glorious dawn and darkness gone, 
Night watchers 'see the glory: 

The baby best in manger rest, 
Foretold in sacred story, 

The faithful sing, the coming King, 
The King of kings beginning 

His stay on earth of priceless worth 
To mankind lost in sinning. 

God loved the lost at priceless cost, 
Our great Redeemer giving, 

To build the way to brightest day, 
Reveals eternal living. 

We hope and pray to see the day, 
The coming King of Heaven, 

To take His own near to His throne, 
When star-lit skies are riven. 

— J. I. Cover 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published monthly in the interests of the 
members of The Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $ J ,50 per year. Sample copies 
sent free on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 
Address: THE PILGRIM, Star Route, Box 1160, Sonora, Calif. 


Of all the events of Christmas, none speaks more 
clearly to us today than that wonderful appearing of a 
star that led wise men to the cradle of the Christ child* 
As we listen to the recounting of these marvelous events 
we are convinced anew that it takes a wise man to follow 
a star . 

Did you ever wonder if other men saw that star? There 
is remarkable evidence that this star was visible to ev- 
eryone of that day. It has to do with a penny. The de- 
narius — the Biblical penny — was the most common coin of 
that day in Galilee*- We are all familiar with the story 
of how Jesus took one of these pennies to silence those 
who were trying to' trap Him with the question, "Is it 
lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not?" It was really a 
loaded question* No matter which way He answered it, 
they would not be satisfied. So Jesus- answered by taking 
a penny and asking them in return, "Whose likeness and 
name is on this coin?" 

Some cf these ancient coins- have been unearthed. On 
some of these, coins. have been found the picture of the 
Herod who ruled in this area of Galilee at. the time of 
Christ* On the reverse side of these coins is a picture 
of a star* What is. the explanation of this combination? 
This Herod that ruled in the area of Galilee started his 
reign about 4 B.C.-, or just- about the same time as the 
birth of Christ. Is not the star on the back of his coin 
pointing to that new star that appeared as he began his 
reign? It seems reasonable to believe that so widespread 
was the knowledge of the appearance of a new star at the 
start of his reign as king, ' that this' Herod used a star 
on his coin to date the ' beginning of his reign. 

Many people must have seen that Christmas- star then, 
but what caused those wise men -to set out on their jour- 
ney? The wise men were; the scientists of their day, and 
the most developed science was astrology, which is a 
practical studv of the stars. In those days they did 


not have electric lights; so when it became dark they 
could not read and do other things that we can do at 
night* But one thing they could do was to observe the 
stars , and this they did.' Night after night the wise 
men would study the stars; they knew them by name; they 
observed their every movement , 

In those eastern lands the stars were very easy to 
watch. There was hardly ever a cloud in the heavens, 
and the stars shone brightly in those clear skies. So 
when a new star would, appear it would be immediately no- 
ticed. These ancient astrologers had an interesting be- 
lief that the heavenly bodies had an important influence 
upon the destinies of men. The appearance of a new star 
had special significance , for to them it meant that a 
child was just born who would become a great king. 

As the wise men watched this strangely moving new 
star j they decided that it must be announcing the birth 
of a great king. They were greatly encouraged when they 
compared their own conclusion with the prophetic writers 
among the Jews, Had not a prophet among the Jews said, 
"I se6 him, but not now; I behold him, but not nigh; a 
star shall come forth out of Jacob, and a scepter shall 
rise out of Israel"? (Numbers 24:17) Was not this star 
headed westward toward. Palestine and the land of Israel? 
Yes, and 'another prophet, named Isaiah, had predicted 
that even kings would come when that star arose, "Arise , 
shine; for your light has come, and the glory of the Lord 
has risen upon you. And nations shall come to your 
light, and kings to the brightness of your rising." 
(Isaiah 60:1,3) 

So firmly did these wise men believe that this star 
would lead them to a newborn king that they started out 
to find that prince whose coming was being thus pro- 
claimed. They made their "way on camels, for most of the 
way was through the desert. During the hot day they 
would rest and sleep; then in the cool of the night they 
would follow the star. After they had, traveled many, • 
many days they found themselves coming into Jerusalem as 
the darkness was dawning into a new day. 

The people in Jerusalem gazed curiously at these im- 
portant-looking strangers. Who could they be? Where 
were they from? The strangers stopped and called out to 

jy;.-. -THE .PILGRIM- • 

some'- of the passers-by > "Where ^is ; he who has been born 
king of' the Jews? We have' seen -his star in the east, 
and have come to worsHip Kim/ 1 * (Matthew 2:2) A crowd' • 
quickly gathered to hear what these strangers were .ask-* 
ing^ 'The word'w&s passed around: "These' men say that;.-a 
king of the Jews has been -born. Where is he? : We have 
not heard of any" king;" 

•.One of the crowd "hurried to King Herod's -palace with 
the news: "Some foreigners rode into Jerusalem this morn- 
"ing.- They are asking -everyone , 'Where is the. child who 
-is born to be King of the Jews?' They say that they saw 
his- star in the east- and that they have come to worship 
him." .:.'.:••. ':.:,,:•:• rf; 

• Herod was understandably disturbed* ,-Was impossible 
that some child had been born who. would be king, instead 
of his son? So he called in his priests and, scribes: 
"Tell me, where do the scriptures say that -the Christ is 
to be born?" They knew their scriptures' and answered, 
"He- is to be born in Bethlehem.- The prophet Micah has- 
said: 'And thou, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, out of 
thee shall come forth a governor "who shall be '".shepherd 
of my people Israel." 1 (Micah 5:2) 
-' So Herod called the wise men into his' palace and in- 
quired of them exactly when they saw the star, ..'Then -he 
told them: "Go to Bethlehem,, and look, for the.- child; ■" 
when you have found him, for I would -like to go and wor- 
ship him, too," Of course, Herod had no intentions b£ 
worshiping the newborn baby, for he was a wicked and 
cruel- man. He meant to kill the baby as soon as he- found 
out where he was, so that the child would never have a 
chance to grow up to- be a king. 

Theitfise men left the palace as night- was setting 
in,* and started- for Bethlehem. You can Imagine their joy 
as darkness fell and they again. saw the star shining a- 
bove them, moving in the direction of Bethlehem. ■ "¥he# 
they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great . 
joy." "(Matthew 2:10} The star came to rest-over a hpuse 
in Bethlehem. 'They entered. the house to find a little 
child with his mother.- ,' [ < . 

- ;In their joy those wise men fell- down r and worshiped 
the : baby and gave him gifts. . These wise men did not • re- 
. turnto Herod,. Gbdj who was. taking care; .of His -Son, 


sent a dream to them warning them not to return to 
Herod. So they went home to their own country. by anoth- 
er route and Herod waited in vain. 

What' lesson is there for us today from these wise 
men? ■ 

1. To be a wise man,, to follow a star, to worship the 
Christ child, takes faith. It means life-changing deci- 
sions. Other sky-watchers saw that star and considered 
the meaning of a new star, but they turned away uncon- 
vinced. To follow that star these wise men had to leave 
their ease and luxury. It meant mundane decisions like 
buying camels and packing provisions for -a trip, that 
non§ knew how would be. 

Perhaps a larger number started out at the star-sum- 
mons, sharing the conviction and hope of seeing a king^ 
but turned back when their muscles grew tired and stiff 
through travel and when their food became dry and dis- 
tasteful. You see, it takes a wise man to follow a star; 
to travel a new road without map or road signs," and with- 
out assistance from fellow-travelers. Faith Is required 
to travel on when there remains only that inner compul- 
sion — I must go; and the heavenly certainty — I cannot 
turn back. 

It takes a wise man to follow a life-changing miracle 
star wherever it may lead, but wise men. there were twen- 
ty centuries ago, and wise men there are, today like' that. 
Here are- a few, and there are a few — men wise enough to 
shatter life's familiar patterns and leave everything to 
follow a star; men wise enough to -follow. an unt rod path, 
led only by Inner ••compulsion and divine certainty; men 
wise t enough to hail a peasant ! s, child, born in a barn, 
King of kings and Lord of lords; men humble enough to 
bow before Christ and dedicate: to Him their choicest 
gifts, and to return to their own country changed men, 
wise men, men telling good news. 

2. To be a wise man you must follow the , light that 
you have.- Admittedly, those wise men did not have much 
light, but they 'followed the little, light that they had. 
In 1935, at the Chicago World 1 s Fair, a marvelous new 
invention was introduced to the world. The first amaz- 
ing feats produced by a ray of light were demonstrated. 

The aplication of this principle introduced back in 


1935 is very common for us today. As you break the beam 
of light at the entrance of a grocery store the door 
opens for you; using this principle the beams of your 
car ] s headlights can open your garage door for you. 
Speeders are clocked on our highways today by a beam of 
light called radar. The newest use of this principle is 
used to catch burglars. An ultra-violet ray of light 
which is invisible to the eye is broken if an intruder 
tries to enter a place guarded by these rays and thus 
sets off an alarm. All this is done with a ray of light. 

In the spiritual life, light is also important. As 
we act upon the little light that we have, more light is 
given to us. 

Whoso draws nigh to God one step through doubting s dim, 
God will advance a mile in blazing light to him. 

The truly wise man follows the light that he receives. 
And God's light always shines on the face of Jesus 
Christ, (II Corinthians 4:6) It is false wisdom that 
says, "The more educated you become the less religious 
you get." The wise man still seeks for the wisdom of 
the ages in a cradle. 

3. Finally, to be a wise man you must not only have 
faith and then act upon that faith and follow where it 
leads; you must also bring a gift — yourself — to the 
Christ child when you are led to the manger. This is 
what those first wise men did. 

In many countries Christmas is celebrated differently 
than it is in America* In one part of Africa the Chris- 
tians come to churctj on Christmas day. and give their 
best gifts, not to each other, but to the Lord Jesus, 
whose birthday it is. Each one comes to the front of 
the church and gives- his gift to the missionary. Most 
of the people are so poor that they can bring only a few 
vegetables or a bunch of flowers. One or two pennies is 
a splendid gift . 

In this village an African girl had just been saved. 
She accepted the- Lord Jesus Christ as her Savior, be- 
lieving the most wonderful verse in the Bible, John 3?l6. 
On Christmas day she took out of her dress a coin worth 
85<£ and gave it as her gift. The missionary was so sur- 
prised that he almost did not take it, for he thought 


she must have stolen the money. However, he did accept 
the gift, but when the lovely service was over he called 
the girl aside, and asked where she had gotten such a 
fortune. (This was a lot of money for a sixteen-year- ■ 
old girl*) 

In reply, the sixteen-year-old girl explained that 
she had nothing good enough to give Jesus; so she had 
gone to one of the nearby farmers, who was a wicked man, 
and sold herself to work for him for the rest of her 
life for 85$. Then she had brought the entire value of 
her life in money, giving it all to 'Jesus. So will we, 
if we are wise men, bring the most costly gift of all 
to Him—ourselves. The gold of our obedience, the 
frankincense of holiness, and the myrrh of sacrifice 
and devotion will be acceptable to Him. 

As with gladness men of old 
Did the guiding star behold; 
As 'with joy they hailed its light,. 
Leading onward, beaming bright; 
. So most gracious Lord, may we 
Evermore be led to Thee. 

By Roy J. Peterman in the u Evangelical Visitor 1 ' • 

I hear the voice of my Lord, 

I hear Him in the rustling leaves 

And the wind in the trees. 

I hear Him down along- the creek ford. 

His voice, is "sweet. Oh I can tell, 

And it causes a silence. Birds stop singing, 

And the sheep and cattle stop grazing and listen. 

I can hear His every word in the valley deep. 

Some day when I go 

I know I wall meet no foe, 

For my Lord will meet me in that valley, 

And His voice I will know. 

— Bill Gurney 

Jamestown, California 


: f ';-■; OBITUARY ■ 

.-ELDER CHRISTIE RUFUS COVER,., son of ■ Joseph I* and Eliza 
S.\. Cover, was. born June-. 1, 1879. at. New. Geneva, Pennsyl- 
vania and departed this life at his home on Dakota Ave. 
near 'Modesto > California November 27'*. 1965 at; the age of 
86: years , 5 months -and ' 2? days . , ,: 2 

He was- .-married to Hattie Mae Royer September 29, 1903, 
who preceded him' in death December 9, 1948. To. this 
union- was born one daughter, Dorothy B.. Coyer, who faith- 
fully cared for her beloved father' in. his. declining 
years and last illness. 

At an early age he openly confessed his faith in the 
Lord Jesus Christ and entered into covenant relationship 
with Him in holy, baptism, to which covenant he remained 
faithful unto the end. 

He was a member of the Old Brethren Church, and was 

elected to the ministry' July 5/ 1930. He served as Elder 
of the Salida Congregation from 1948 to 1964* He lived 
near Hartville, Stark bonrtty-, Ohio from the time of his 
marriage in 1903 until- 1907, when 'he with his family moved 
to Modesto, California where- he resided until his death. 

The life. of this, family was one of service, giving 
their best years, tenderly ministering to the afflicted 
in their old age. ~ "' 

Christie was the youngest of a family of eight child- 
ren; five brothers: James M. Cover, Olivet L. Cover, 
Joseph M. Cover, Jacob A. Cover, . John' C .. Cover, and two 
sisters: Mary Rumble and* Orpha Mohler, all of whom pre- 
ceded him to the Spirit World. 

He will be lovingly, remembered, and greatly missed by 
his daughter . Dorothy, the members of his church, and a 
host of relatives and friends. 

Graveside services were conducted by the undersigned 
and Brother Joseph L. Cover* The body was laid to rest 
in the Wood Colony cemetery awaiting the Resurrection. 

—Daniel F. 'Wolf 

Safe in the arms of Jesus, 
Safe on His gentle breast, 
There by His love o'ershaded, 
Sweetly my soul shall rest. 




If I must pass through waters deep, 

I 1 11 go and not repine; 
Or climb the mountain rough and steep, 

Thy will dear Lord,, not. mine* 

\ If I must feel the sharpened knife . 

For pruning back the vine, './ 
If this will bring new shoots of life, 
: .Thy will, dear Lord, not' mine. 

Or maybe 'take the lower seat, 

If this is Thy design^ •.. 
And watch my friends with, honor meet, 
■ . Thy will., dear Lord,, not mine.. 

If for a season I am.- cast, . ; , '.. 

Like gold to be refined',. ;• 
Into' the oven's .fiery blast,. - 

Thy will,- dear Lord, not mine. 

Or crushed by sorrow's' piercing dart 
As grapes are crushed for wine, 

If this brings sweetness to Thy heart, 
Thy will, dear Lord, not Mne. . 

It's in the night time, '-not' at- day, 
- ' The stars' iri beauty shine; 

The darkness forms the Milky Way. 
Thy will, dear Lord, not mine. 

So come what may, I will not stray , 

But to Thy plan resign; 
I still wijLl walk the narrow way. 

Thy will, dear Lord, hot "mine. 

Written by William McChesney who was martyred in the 
Congo Thanksgiving Bay, 1964. Selected by Dorothy Cover 

■We. send best wishes for .a joyous Christmas and happy 
1966. to all our readers. !■ Thank you M to all who, have, 
helped in this publication during 1965. — L..C.- 



little town of Bethlehem. 

How still we see thee lie i 
Above thy deep and dreamless sleep 

The silent stars go by; 
Yet. in thy dark streets shineth 

The everlasting Light; 
The hopes and fears of all the years 

Are met in thee tonight . 

For Christ is born of Mary; 

And gathered all above , 
While mortals sleep, the angels keep 

Their watch of wondering love. 
morning stars, together 

Proclaim the holy birth , 
And' praises sing to God the King, 

And peace to men on earth. 

How silently, how silently 

The wondrous gift is given! 
So -God imparts to human hearts 

The blessings of His heaven. 
No ear may hear His coming: 

But in this world of sin, 
Where meek souls will receive Him still, 

The dear Christ enters in. 

holy Child of ■ Bethlehem, 

Descend to us, we pray; 
Cast out our sin and enter in, 

Be born in us today. 
We hear tjie Christmas angels 

The great glad tiding tell, 
come to us, abide with us, 

Our Lord Emmanuel. 

This hymn was composed by Phillips Brooks in the year 
1868, just two year's after he returned from a trip to 
the little town of Bethlehem. He was born in Boston on 
December 13, 1835 and died January 23, 1893. He was grad- 

( continued on page 15) 


(For our "Historical" section on the Reformation we 
have the account of the Bohemian followers of John Huss 
and their violent, futile efforts to reform the church 
from about 1.416 to 1433 A.D.) 


The religious dissensions that had been excited in 
Bohemia by the ministry of John Huss and his' disciple 
Jacobellus de Misa, were doubly inflamed, by the deplor- 
able fate of Huss and Jerome of Prague, and broke out 
into an open war, which was carried on with the most 
savage and unparalleled barbarity. The followers of 
Huss,, who pleaded for the administration of the cup to 
the laity In the holy sacrament, being persecuted in 
various ways by the ministers of the court of Rome, 
retired to a. steep, high mountain in the district of" ■ 
Bechin, in which they held' their religious meetings' and 
administered the sacrament "in both kinds".' (The laity 
had been allowed only the. bread in this service, — Bd-V) 
This mountain they called Tabor, from the tents which 1 ; 
they at first erected there for their habitation; and-' ; 
eventually they raised a strong fortification for Its 
defence and built a city, They chose for 'their chiefs 
Nicholas of Uussiret, and the famous JohmZiska, a Bo- 
hemian knight, a ma'n of the most undaunted' courage and 
resolution; and proposed, under the ' standards of - these 
valiant leaders, to 'avenge the death of Huss and Jerome 
upon the creatures of the Roman pontiff, and obtain 
liberty to worship God in a more rational manner than 
that which was prescribed by the church of Rome. After 
the death of Nicholas in the year 1420, Ziska commanded 
alone this warlike body, and his army increased from 
day to day. During the first stages of this' war, 
Wenceslaus, king of Bohemia, died in' the year 1419. 
•The emperor Sigismund, who succeeded him in the 
throne of Bohemia, employed not only edicts and rernon- 


strances, but also the terror of penal laws and the 
force of arms to end these lamentable divisions; and 
great numbers of the Hussites perished by his orders in 
the most barbarous manner. The Bohemians, .irritated 
by these inhuman proceedings*, threw off his despotic 
yoke in 1420, and, with Ziska at their head, made war 
against their sovereign. This famous leader, though 
deprived of his sight, discovered in every step he took, 
such an admirable mixture of prudence .and intrepidity 
that his name became a terror to his enemies. Upon hi§ 
death in 1424, the plurality of the Hussites chose for 
their general Procopius Rasa, a man also of undaunted 
courage and resolution, who maintained their cause and 
carried on the war with spirit and ■ success,, ■ The acts 
of barbarity that were committed on both sides were 
shocking and terrible beyond expression; for, notwith- 
standing the irreconcilable opposition that there was 
between the religious sentiments of the contending 
parties, they both agreed in this one horrible point, 
that it was innocent and lawful to persecute and extir- 
pate with fire and sword the enemies of the true, reli- 
gion, and such they appeared to be in each other 1 s eyes. 
The Bohemians maintained that Huss had been unjustly 
put to death at Constance, and consequently revenged, 
with the utmost fury, the injury that had been done him. 
They acknowledged that heretics were worthy of capital 
punishment; but they denied that Huss was -a heretic. 
This pernicious maxim then, was the source- of- that 
cruelty that dishonoured the exploits of both the parties 
■in, this dreadful war; and it is difficult to determine 
which of the two carried this cruelty to the greatest 
height . 

All those who undertook to avenge the death of Huss 
set out upon the samfc principles, and, at the commence- 
ment of the war, they seemed to agree both in their 
religious sentiments and in their demands upon the 
church and government from which they had withdrawn 
themselves* But as their numbers increased, their union 
diminished, and finally a great dissension arose among 
them, which in 1420 came to an open rupture and divided 
this multitude into two great factions called ,l calixtines ,t 


and ' "taborites 11 . The former, so called from their in- 
sisting ^upon the use of the cup or " chalice" in the 
celebration of the eucharist, were mild -in -their pro- 
ceedings and modest in their ..demands and showed no dis- 
position to overturn the ancient system of church govern- 
ment-, or- -to make.any considerable changes in the "religion 
which was publicly received. All that they required 
may be comprehended under four articles. They demanded 
first that the word of God should be . plainly explained' 
to the people without mixture of superstitious comments 
or inventions; secondly, that the sacrament of the. Lord's 
supper should be administered in both kinds; thirdly,.' 
that the. clergy, instead of acquiring riches and power, 
should be ambitious of . living and acting as became the . 
successors of the holy apostles; and fourthly, that 
transgressions of a. more heinous kind, or mortal sins, . punished -in .a manner, suitable to their 
enormity. ■-..,.' 

The demands of the . n taborites rr , who derived, their. 
name from a mountain well known in sacred history, were 
much more ample. • They not only insisted upon reducing 
the religion of Jesus to its primitive simplicity, but, 
required also that the systesa of ecclesiastical govern- 
ment should be -reformed in. the same manner, the author- 
ity of the pope destroyed, the v form- of divine worship, ' 
changed; they demanded, in a,, word, the- ereetion'of a\% 
new church, a new- hierarchy',, in which, Christ alone- '■-■ . 
should reign and .all things should be;- -carried -on by a. 
divine direction and impulse. In- .maintaining these •"..., ., 
extravagant demands K ?m the- principal doctors among the. ... 
r taborites, such as Martin Loquis, a Moravian, and' his.. 
followers, went so far as to -flatter themselves .with. 
the notion that .Christ would descend, in person upon.-, 
earth, armed with fire- and sword to^ extirpate heresy and 
purify the church from its multiplied ^corruptions. . It 
is this enthusiastic ; class of Hussites alone that -were 
accountable for all those abominable acts . of violence,- 
rapine, desolation, and: murder which- are too indiscrim- 
inately laid to the charge of the Hussites r in : general, 
and to their two leaders Ziska and Procopius in partic- 
ular. It must indeed be' acknowledged that a great part 


of the Hussites had imbibed the most barbarous senti- 
ments with respect to executing vengeance upon their 
enemies j against whom they breathed nothing but blood- 
shed and fury without any mixture of humanity or com- 

; In the year 1433, the council of Basil endeavoured 
to put an end to this dreadful war, and for that purpose 
invited the Bohemians to their assembly. The Bohemians, 
accepting this- invitation, sent ambassadors, and among 
others Procopius their leader, to represent them in that 
council. But, after many warm debates, these messengers 
of peace returned without having effected anything that 
might even prepare the way for a reconciliation so long 
and so ardently desired. The calixtines were not averse 
to peace, but no methods of persuasion could engage the 
taborites to yield. This matter however was transacted 
with more success by Aeneas Sylvius and others whom the 
council sent into Bohemia to renew the conferences. 
For these new legates, by allowing the calixtines the 
-use of the cup in the holy sacrament, satisfied them in 
-the point which they had chiefly at heart, and thereby 
reconciled them with the Roman pontiff. But the tabor- 
ites .remained firm, adhered inflexibly to their first 
principles; and neither the artifice nor eloquence of 
-Sylvius, nor the threats, sufferings, and persecutions 
to which their cause exposed them, could vanquish their 
obstinate perseverance in it. From this period indeed 
they began to review their religious tenets, and their 
ecclesiastical discipline, with a design to render them 
more perfect. This, review produced a very good effect 
and gave a rational aspect to the religion of this sect, 
who withdrew themselves from the war, abandoned the doc- 
trines which they found to be inconsistent with the 
spirit of the gospel, and banished from their communion 
all those whose disorder might expose them to reproach. 
The taborites, thus new modelled, were the same who 
joined Luther and his successors at the reformation, 
and of whom there are at this day many of the descend- 
ants and followers in Poland and other countries. 

■ Condensed from Mosheim 1 s "Ecclesiastical History" 


HYMN STUDY (continued) 

uated at Harvard in 1855 , and at the Episcopal Divinity 
School of Alexandria ^ Virginia in 1859- The first ten 
years of his ministry were spent in Pennsylvania, after 
which he became rector of Trinity Church, Boston and was 
elected bishop in 1891. He was an inspiring teacher- and 
preacher, an eloquent pulpit orator and' a man of deep 
and rich religious life . 

Phillips Brooks loved to write simple and tender 
poems for the children of his church. They all reveal 
his loving heart and the beauty of his consecrated ima- 
gination- This one, the best of his Christmas songs, 
was slow in coming to public notice, but finally found 
its place in hymn-tune collections. 

As we think of the birth of Jesus and -His humble be- 
ginning here on the earth, let us never -forget this was 
not His beginning, for He was with the Father in crea- 
tion and all things were made by Him, and without Him 
was not anything made that was made.' May we truly: give 
thanks unto' God" for His unspeakable gift. For God so 
loved the' world that he gave his only begotten son that 
whosoever believeth on him should not perish but have 
everlasting life. For God sent not his son into the 
world to condemn the world but that the world, through 
him might be saved. — J.L.C, 

(Information from n The Story of the Hymns and Tunes") 

I like to meditate alone and pray, 

But something grips my soul in such a way. 

That -I am made to Teel 

When I with others kneel 

A close relationship. 

And when we all that prayer begin 
"Our Father", it makes' us all akin, "'■ 
For we God's children are and dear 
To Kim, -and to" each other near" 
In close relationship. 

— Guy Hootman 

16 - ■ THE ■ PILGRIM. 



" • The night was cool and beautiful on the hills outside 
the little town of Bethlehem, The shepherds, spending 
the night out with the flocks of sheep, were watching,- 
for who knew when a wild animal might come to snatch one 
of the lambs or chase the sheep until they were so tired 
they would easily -be caught? These shepherds were Jews 
that had likely lived all their lives near Bethlehem, 
They had ■ spent many nights in the fields with the sheep. 
But they had never spent a night, like this one. 

For all of a sudden an angel of the Lord came upon 
them. And the glory of the Lord shone around them. And 
they were afraid. Never had they seen a sight like this. 
But their fear changed to wonder at the gracious, words 
of the angel: "Fear not* for, behold, I bring you good 
tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people," 
The shepherds .could only listen in amazement. "For unto 
you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, 
which is Christ the I^ord. And this shall be a sign unto 
you: ye shall find the babe wrapped In swaddling clothes, 
lying in a manger." 

And as the shepherds watched, suddenly there was -with 
the. angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, 
and saying: "Glory, to God in the highest, and on earth 
peace, good will toward men." And the angels returned 
to Heaven leaving the shepherds alone again in the 
fields with their sheep. 

And the shepherds said to each other, "Let us now go 
even unto Bethlehem, (the city of David) and see this 
thing which has come to, pass, which the Lord hath made 
known to us." So they hurried to Bethlehem and found 
Mary, Joseph and the baby. Jesus whom Mary had wrapped 
in swaddling clothes and laid "in a manger. 

The shepherds were so stirred by the experiences of 
this night that they told everyone what they had seen. 
And when they returned to their sheep in the fields 
they praised and glorified God for these good tidings 
of great joy, peace, goodwill; for Jesus , the Saviour 
is born. — L.C.